Friday, February 24, 2017

"And to offer a sacrifice" - Preaching by Christ Jesus, Preaching by Paul and Peter, and Later Preaching

Tokyo


Preaching by Christ Jesus, Preaching by Paul and Peter, and Later Preaching


What did Christ Jesus preach in His holly mission till the Crucifixion and the Resurrection?

Did He preach that He was the Son of God or even God Himself?  In other word, did Christ Jesus preach about Himself?  No, but he preached teachings of God.

Accordingly, Paul, Peter, and other Apostles must have also preached teachings of God.  They did not preach the life of Christ Jesus or what His mission had been like.  Accordingly, they did not need the Gospels to take with them in their missions.  In deed, while Christ Jesus had been preaching, he once sent His disciples for preaching to different places, but He did not tell them to carry holy books of Christianity or Judaism.

So, Paul, Peter, and other Apostles must have not carried any holy books in their missions after the death of Christ Jesus.  What they relied on was words and teachings of Christ Jesus they remembered.  Therefore, the very early Christian leaders did not need the Gospels.  They must not have asked Luke, Mark, Mathew, and John to write Gospels for their missions.  It means that their Gospels were written for other purposes than preaching.

The largest reason must be linked with Paul who was sent to Rome for a court trial.  If Paul had been found guilty by the Roman authority in a court of Rome, the negative shock the very early Christians in the Roman Empire would have had should have been so devastating.    So, leaders of the very early Christians, and especially Peter, must have made full efforts to help Paul get absolved.

Accordingly, Peter went to Rome to meet and help Paul.  But how?  The means Peter took must have been writing of a document that could prove innocence of Paul.  To prove innocence of Paul, the document should explain what Christianity was and what Christ Jesus was.  Accordingly, Peter asked Mark and Paul asked Luke to write their versions of the Gospel.

So, these Gospels were expected to be read by influential Romans and other Judaists or Romans who were interested in Christianity and had an influence on the Roman authority.

However, although Paul was once relieved by the Roman authority probably due to these Gospels, Paul and Peter were later executed by Emperor Nero.  So, another Gospel was written by Mathew, following the examples of Mark and Luke, to save other Christians in Rome from further persecution.  For this reason, Mathew emphasized the tie of Christianity to Judaism, so that the Roman authority and the Emperor would not regard Christianity as something utterly new and dangerous but as a kind of extension of Judaism.

Yet, subsequently the Jewish-Roman War erupted and the temple in Jerusalem was destroyed by Roman troops.  The linkage to Judaism would not benefit the early Christians any more.  It must have looked rather safer for Christians to show their independence from Judaism to the Roman authority.  Accordingly, John wrote his version of the Gospel, following Mark, Luke, and Mathew but emphasizing independence of Christianity from Judaism.

 So, these Gospels were not written for general purposes to promote faith among Christians like in later centuries or today.  But they were written for urgent necessities of the era, namely in the late first century.  That is why today scholars of the Gospels find some mysterious expressions or sentences in these Gospels.  To understand these expressions, we have to know why they were written.  They were written for specific expected readers in each specific circumstance for each specific purpose.    

But these Gospels focus on Christ Jesus rather than His teachings or teachings of God He introduced.  So, Christianity today looks like meaning knowing Christ Jesus through the Gospels.  But, Christ Jesus did not teach that Christians must know Him and His mission.  Christ Jesus preached teachings of God.

So, there have been three phases in Christianity: (1) the preaching by Christ Jesus, (2) the preaching by Paul, Peter, and other Apostles without the Gospels, and (3) the preaching by later Christian leaders relying on the Gospels.

However, it is difficult to judge whether God had from the beginning expected Christianity to prevail through these phases, since there are too many betrayers of Christ Jesus in the Christian communities all over the world today.        


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Luk 2:24 And to offer a sacrifice according to that which is said in the law of the Lord, A pair of turtledoves, or two young pigeons.
Luk 2:25 And, behold, there was a man in Jerusalem, whose name was Simeon; and the same man was just and devout, waiting for the consolation of Israel: and the Holy Ghost was upon him.
Luk 2:26 And it was revealed unto him by the Holy Ghost, that he should not see death, before he had seen the Lord's Christ.

Thursday, February 23, 2017

"the corn fields on the sabbath day" - The Gospels Written as Measures to Defend Paul


Around the Fukushima Station, Japan, in summer


The Gospels Written as Measures to Defend Paul

The most serious matter for Christians after the Resurrection of Christ Jesus was the arrest and trial of Paul by the Roman authority.

Peter and other leaders of the very early Christians at the late 1st century must have been all gravely concerned.  So, Paul went to Rome with Mark to help and support Paul facing a trial.  It is because if the No.1 leader of those Christians at the time Paul had been found guilty and sentenced to death penalty, a catastrophic shock will attack the Christian communities around Rome and the east Mediterranean.   It is because Christian churches were being established and created mostly through Paul's activities around Rome and the east Mediterranean at the time.

So, Peter and other Christians around Rome would do their best to help Paul get absolved. It was the era of Emperor Nero surrounded by Seneca and other Stoic philosophers.  So, Paul and those Christians must have tried to present documents that proved Paul's innocence to influential Roman officials, philosophers, etc.  In this context, it is apparent that Luke's Acts was written to explain who Paul was to those Romans.  And, the Gospel according to Luke must have been also written for this purpose.

Mark who accompanied Peter must have also written this version of Gospel in Rome for the same purpose.  But as Mark had been close to Peter, his Gospels included some vivid expressions.  And even Luke probably referred to the Gospel according to Mark.  However, the Greek sentences Mark wrote were not so sophisticates as those written by Luke.  Therefore, only the Gospel according to Luke must have been presented to the Roman authority to explain Christianity and Christ Jesus to them.  Accordingly, the Gospels according to Mark must have been shown to other Christians and influential Judaists in Rome who could work on the Roman authority to save Paul.  

So, from the beginning, these Gospels were written not as authentic sacred books of Christianity but as material to be used for defense of Paul in a court in Rome.  That is why it took a century or more for these Gospels to be recognized as the holy books of Christianity.

Indeed, if Paul and Peter had proclaimed that the Gospels according to Luke and Mark were holy books of Christianity, there should have been no controversy as to what books should be handled as holy or canonical books for the early Christianity.

The key to understanding the secret of the Gospels is Paul's trial, the most important incident for the very early Christians after the Resurrection of Christ Jesus.

Anyway, as these Gospels were written in the same environment around Paul and Peter in Rome, it is natural that they rather look similar in selection of episodes of Christ Jesus' mission and the time sequence of them.


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Mar 2:23 And it came to pass, that he went through the corn fields on the sabbath day; and his disciples began, as they went, to pluck the ears of corn.
Mar 2:24 And the Pharisees said unto him, Behold, why do they on the sabbath day that which is not lawful?
Mar 2:25 And he said unto them, Have ye never read what David did, when he had need, and was an hungred, he, and they that were with him?

Monday, February 20, 2017

"before the great and notable day of the Lord" - Oswald Duped by True Assassins


Tokyo



Oswald Duped by True Assassins

North  Koreans espionage agents used one Indonesian woman and another Vietnamese woman to assassinate, in Malaysia, Kim Jon-Nam, a half older brother of the dictator Kim Jon-Un.

Those agents left the Kuala Lumpur airport taking a jet liner soon after the assassination leaving the two women behind.   The two women were arrested by the Malaysian police but they said they had been duped by North Koreans who had told them that the attack on Kim Jon-Nam was for a funny TV show or something like that.
 
So, the JFK Assassination in 1963 might have been similar, since it looks like Oswald had been duped and left on the assassination scene alone.

How would you behave after you had shot a US president to death with your rifle from a window of your workshop?

You must know that you will be surely identified as the assassin because of too much circumstantial evidence.  And you must know that you cannot run away, since all the American police should look after you if you run away.

So, you have to kill yourself or boldly accept arrest by the police to be famous all over the world.  Otherwise, you have to beforehand carefully make up a genius plan to run away.  But Oswald did not act following any of these scenarios.

He acted as if he had been a complete idiot who could not foresee what would happen after he shot Kennedy to death.  He was buying a drink bottle from a vending machine in the eating place of the school textbook depository building when a policeman got into the building to search for an assassin.  Then he went back to his boarding house as the day's work was cancelled in the building due to the assassination turmoil.  Oswald picked up a handgun in his room and started to walk around nearby streets.  He eventually got into a movie theater a few miles away from his boarding house without buying a ticket to be arrested after hard resistance.

It was a behavior of someone that was duped by true culprits.

This is not a behavior of an assassin of a US president.  Psychologically it is impossible that Oswald was the sole assassin of JFK, since Oswald had an intellectual level enough to work in the Marines as U2 spy jet operator in a US air base around Tokyo, learn Russian, travel to the USSR like a secret CIA agent, work in Minsk, and marry a Russian girl with whom he returned to the US.  He was also under a kind of surveillance by FBI when he came back to the US, while he made pro-Castro demonstration in New Orleans and made a TV appearance in the summer of 1963.  Oswald was not a complete idiot.

So, the issue is how Oswald was duped, since it is apparent that he had some connection with true assassins because Oswald himself was killed by a Mafia-associated strip club owner in the Dallas Police building two days after he was arrested in the Texas Movie Theater.

In addition, Oswald had family members, friends, and acquaintances around Dallas, New Orleans, etc. who were linked to CIA, FBI, and the Mafia.  There were many who could dupe Oswald.

Oswald cannot be a complete idiot who shot a US president with his rifle from his workshop, left the rifle there, went back to his boarding house, picked up a handgun, and walked around the streets near his boarding house to be arrested in a movie theater after hard resistance.

Indeed, it was a behavior of someone that was duped by true culprits.

Oswald must have been duped.



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Act 2:20 The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and notable day of the Lord come:
Act 2:21 And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be saved.

"thou sufferest that woman Jezebel" - True Purposes of Creation of the Gospels


Around Tokyo


True Purposes of Creation of the Gospels


Let's check the beginnings of the Gospels, since they might tell true purposes of their creation.
Luk 1:1 Forasmuch as many have taken in hand to set forth in order a declaration of those things which are most surely believed among us,
Luk 1:2 Even as they delivered them unto us, which from the beginning were eyewitnesses, and ministers of the word;
Luk 1:3 It seemed good to me also, having had perfect understanding of all things from the very first, to write unto thee in order, most excellent Theophilus,
Luk 1:4 That thou mightest know the certainty of those things, wherein thou hast been instructed.
Luke must have been written to the Roman authority to defend Paul in the trial that must have been the most important issue for Paul and Luke in Rome.  They had to explain what Paul's belief was.
Mar 1:1 The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God;
Mar 1:2 As it is written in the prophets, Behold, I send my messenger before thy face, which shall prepare thy way before thee.
Mark must have been written also to the Roman authority and Judaists in Rome who might be able to help Paul in the trial.  Probably as Mark knew that Luke was writing his Gospel targeting the Roman authority, he wrote his version rather succinctly, mainly targeting influential Judaists in Rome and friendly Romans.
Mat 1:1 The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.
Mat 1:2 Abraham begat Isaac; and Isaac begat Jacob; and Jacob begat Judas and his brethren;
Mathew must have written after Nero executed Paul and Peter in the wake of a big fire in Rome, though Paul must have been freed from the trial due to the effect of the Gospels according to Luke and Mark.  As so many Christians were executed by Nero while Judaists in Rome were not attacked, Mathew must have written the Gospel to prove that Christianity had a strong tie with Judaism and Judaists.
Joh 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
Joh 1:2 The same was in the beginning with God.
Joh 1:3 All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made.
Joh 1:4 In him was life; and the life was the light of men.
Joh 1:5 And the light shineth in darkness; and the darkness comprehended it not.
John must have written his version of Gospel after the Jewish-Roman War and the fall of the temple in Jerusalem.  Christianity did not need to be linked to Judaism anymore like in the case of Mathew.  Rather, it might cause a problem for Christians in Rome and the Roman Empire to be regraded as a kind of Judaists.  Therefore, John clearly depicted Jesus as the founder of a new religion, Christianity.  John must have wanted the Roman authority to read his Gospel and have clear distinction between Christians and Judaists so that Christians would not face disadvantage due to any connection to Judaism.

So, these Gospels according to Luke, Mark, Mathew, and John were written for an imminent need each.   They were all written to save Paul and other Christians in Rome and the Roman Empire from persecution by the Roman authority.   So, depending on a circumstance, a Gospel stressed Christianity's relationship with Judaism or another Gospel clearly separated Christianity from Judaism.

If these Gospels had been written from the beginning as authentic holy books for Christians, like those in Judaism, they must have been advertised so among the very early Christians based on the authority of Peter and Paul.  And, followers of Peter and Paul must have handed over these documents to the next generations unfailingly as the very holy books.  But it took 100 years or more for these Gospels to be recognized as canonical documents by the church.

It also tells that the emphasis in preaching by Christian leaders in the era of Paul, etc. must not have been put on reading these Gospels.   Their preaching must have been made in the manner with contents such as expressed in Paul's letters.  The core of early Christian teaching must have been how to live with faith in God and not how much followers would know about the mission by Christ Jesus.
So, those Gospel writers, Luke, Mark, Mathew and John, did not intend to make their writings authentic holy books of Christianity.  They simply wrote them to respond to a need on each occasion.  That is why these Gospels lack some complete style and mode suitable for authentic holy books.

However, they clearly and strongly explain what Christ was and what He did to us as readers like Roman officials, influential Roman citizens or Judaists in Rome or the Roman Empire.



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Rev 2:20 Notwithstanding I have a few things against thee, because thou sufferest that woman Jezebel, which calleth herself a prophetess, to teach and to seduce my servants to commit fornication, and to eat things sacrificed unto idols.
Rev 2:21 And I gave her space to repent of her fornication; and she repented not.

Saturday, February 18, 2017

"I will make him an help meet for him" - Timeline for the Very Early Christianity


Tokyo



Timeline for the Very Early Christianity


The critical timeline for the very early Christianity:

33-48 AD Peter: Becomes the leader of the remaining disciples who had been with Jesus – Acts 1:16-26

34 Paul: Conversion on the Road to Damascus (Acts 9:1-9)

34-36 Paul: Spends three years in Qumran to get a source document for future Gospels where the mission of Christ Jesus was recorded, since Christ Jesus had come out of Qumran to the River Jordan to see John the Baptist before his mission as the Son of God.

36 Paul:  Returns to and flees Damascus because of persecution; visits Jerusalem and meets with Peter, James and the apostles

49 Peter and Paul meet with each other again in Jerusalem

54 Peter: 'leading around a wife', presumably moving from place to place in missionary work (I Corinthians 9:5)

57 Paul: At Jerusalem (Acts 21:15-25), Paul gets arrested in the temple and causes a mob

60 Paul: Arrives in Rome (Acts 28:14-16) to stand his trial; however allowed to preach the gospel without hindrance for two whole years in his rented house (Acts 28:30-31) for nominal house arrest.

61 Luke writes the Acts as evidence for defending Paul in the coming trial, since if Paul should be judged to be guilty by the Roman authority, catastrophic influences would be caused among the very early Christians in Rome, etc. 

62 Peter arrives at Rome to save Paul; Luke and Mark write their Gospels based on the source document Paul had and words of Jesus Peter remembered as evidence for defending Paul in the trial

62 Paul: Released from Roman imprisonment

64 Fire of Rome.  Peter, Paul, and other Christians executed in Rome

65 Matthew writes his Gospel based on the source document, Mark and Luke to make Christians look like having a strong tie with Judaism as evidence for defending Christians from the Roman authority

66 Revolt in Judea begins

70 Destruction of Temple ends Judean revolt

72 John writes his Gospel based on the source document, Mark, Luke, and Mathew to establish Christianity separated from Judaism and make the Roman authority understand Christianity

79 Monte Vesuvio erupts

80 John writes the Book of Revelation getting inspiration from the volcanic disaster


So, the Gospels were all written in response to major incidents in that era: the trial of Paul, the execution of Paul, Peter, and other Christians by Nero, and the fall of Jerusalem; and even the Apocalypse by John was written in response to the volcanic disasters of Mt. Vesuvio regarded as punishment by the God.

Accordingly, these documents were different from the beginning from other various Christian documents written in that era due to their direct linkage to Paul and Peter.



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Gen 2:18 And the LORD God said, It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him an help meet for him.
Gen 2:19 And out of the ground the LORD God formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of the air; and brought them unto Adam to see what he would call them: and whatsoever Adam called every living creature, that was the name thereof.

Friday, February 17, 2017

"all the children that were in Bethlehem" - Success of Runaway is More Important


Around Tokyo


Success of Runaway is More Important

Kim Jong-Nam, a half-brother of the North Korea dictatot Kim Jong-Un, was assassinated in Malaysia.  Two women (from Vietnam and Indonesia) who played the overt attackers were arrested while four to five men believed to be the true North Korean assassination team are still at large.  

The point at issue is that true assassins always prepare the method of running away and hiding themselves.

In the JFK assassination in 1963, Lee Harvey Oswald did not run away soon after the act of the assassination.  Later he went back to his boarding house and started to run away by walking neighbor streets in Dallas to be eventually arrested in a movie theater just several miles away from his boarding house.

Oswald looks like a very foolish man.  Did he believe that he could escape the police just running away on nearby streets after shooting and killing a US President from his workshop and leaving his rifle in the 6th floor of the Texas school textbook repository building?  Did Oswald venture into assassination of JFK while believing that he would never be arrested?

Previously, Oswald had been stationed as a Marine in a US air base around Tokyo.  He had been assigned to a kind of operation of U2 spy jets.  Then, he had learnt Russian and immigrated into the USSR after retirement from the Marine.  He had married a daughter who had a relative of some high-ranking official of the Russian military.  Then Oswald with his Russian wife had returned to the US.  Oswald then played a pro-Castro civilian while having a linkage with an anti-Castro ex-FBI executive.

Oswald had ability to know that he could not escape the police if he had shot and killed President Kennedy from his work shop, the 6th floor of the building in Dallas, with his rifle and he had left the rifle in the 6th floor while running away.

But Oswald eventually ran away from the building to return to his boarding house, take up a handgun, start to walk around nearby streets, get in a movie theater, and get arrested there (although he might have encountered a Dallas police officer and shot him to death).    

And, finally two days later, Oswald was shot to death in the Dallas Police Department Building by Jack Ruby, a Mafia-associated owner of a strip club.

If Oswald had been a sole assassin of JFK, he should have been prepared for his runaway.  Because the success of runaway is more important than success in killing a target for any assassins.


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Mat 2:16 Then Herod, when he saw that he was mocked of the wise men, was exceeding wroth, and sent forth, and slew all the children that were in Bethlehem, and in all the coasts thereof, from two years old and under, according to the time which he had diligently enquired of the wise men.
Mat 2:17 Then was fulfilled that which was spoken by Jeremy the prophet, saying,

Thursday, February 16, 2017

"as the angels were gone away from them" - Gospels as Court Evidence for Paul

Tokyo


Gospels as Court Evidence for Paul


Another theory on the Gospels is that some of them were written for preparation for the coming trial of Paul in Rome.

Paul was faced with a trial.  It was the biggest concern for Paul and Luke.  He had to prove that he had been doing just a right thing: preaching the Gospel without an intention to hurt anybody.  So, he had to explain who Christ Jesus was to the Roman authority.  He needed court evidence.  For this purpose, Paul must have asked Luke to write a report about Christ Jesus and their journey to Rome.

The former eventually became the Gospel according to Luke, and the latter eventually became the Acts.

And, as Peter also came to Rome, Peter saw Luke writing these documents.  Then he also asked Mark to write his version of the Gospel based on Peter's witness and the source document Luke used that must have been originally possessed by Paul since he had returned from Qumran.  It is because Peter probably tried to save Paul in the coming trial.  So, he also prepared a report to be submitted to the Roman authority.  And, later this report written by Mark became the Gospel according to Mark.

The most important and imminent matter for Paul and Peter was the trail of Paul by the Roman authority.  Therefore they made the best effort to prepare for it, which was creation of reports on Christ Jesus as evidence of Paul's religious activities.

So, these Gospels were written with expectation to be read by Roman officials.

Probably the Roman officials who read these reports or Gospels did not punish Paul.  But Emperor Nero executed Paul as well as Peter after a big fire in Rome.

But as these reports or Gospels were in the hand of the Roman authority, they were preserved despite the big fire and the turmoil of the execution of Paul and Peter.  So, some of the very early Roman Christians must have been those Roman officials who read the Gospel according to Luke and probably that according to Mark in the process of the trial of Paul.

The truth must be simple but mysterious in a sense.


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Luk 2:15 And it came to pass, as the angels were gone away from them into heaven, the shepherds said one to another, Let us now go even unto Bethlehem, and see this thing which is come to pass, which the Lord hath made known unto us.
Luk 2:16 And they came with haste, and found Mary, and Joseph, and the babe lying in a manger.

Monday, February 13, 2017

"Jesus went up to Jerusalem" - John and the Synoptic Gospels


Tokyo


John and the Synoptic Gospels

Christ Jesus did not carry the Gospels with Him while He was preaching in Israel 2000 years ago, since no Gospels were written yet.

So, it is unlikely that Peter and Paul preached in Rome with the Gospels at their hands.  Instead, they must have preached like Christ Jesus even if the Gospels according to Luke, Mark, and Mathew had been completed at the time when Peter had joined Paul in Rome after the completion of the Acts by Luke.

Put simply, the Gospels according to Luke, Mark, and Mathew were not written for Paul and Peter.  Then for whom these Gospels were written?  To distribute them to Roman citizens?

Among Roman citizens who came to believe Peter and Paul and thus Christ Jesus, some active followers must have emerged.  And these Roman followers must have preached to other citizens in lieu of Peter and Paul.  In this way, Christianity began to spread among Roman citizens.

But to preach to other citizens, these Roman followers needed some sorts of guidelines.  The Old Testament was however useless for them.  Accordingly, they probably asked Peter and Paul to present some Greek material that would help them preach in Rome.  For this reason, Paul asked Luke and Peter asked Mark to write Greek versions of the Gospel based on the Hebrew/Aramaic source document Paul had and another source Mark had made by hearing words of Christ Jesus from Peter on their journey before they had reached Rome.  

So, the Gospels according to Luke and Mark must have been written in order to teach Roman leaders of followers how Christ Jesus had preached but not to be distributed among the general public of Rome.  These Roman leaders learnt the mission of Christ Jesus from these Gospels, and based on them, they preached to other Roman citizens.  Probably they referred to the words and the episodes of Christ Jesus written in these Gospels.  But they did not use the Gospels in a manner that current priests use the Bible in their Mass.  These Gospels must have been a kind of textbooks for Roman Christian leaders since Paul and Peter started their preaching in Rome.  Accordingly, the Gospels according to Luke, Mark, and Mathew are called synoptic Gospels.  In other words, they were not written to disseminate the theology of Christianity but as reference material to support preaching by Roman Christian leaders.

However, after the death of Peter and Paul and the Jewish-Roman War, the situation changed.  There was no more the temple in Jerusalem where Christ Jesus preached and died.  The very early Christianity lost a tie to Judaism and could not rely on Judaism as the the underlying religion that offered basic theology to the very early Christianity.

Therefor John had to write his version of the Gospel with focus on theology.  The Gospel according to John was intended to give religious authority to the very early Christianity by replacing Judaism symbolized by the temple in Jerusalem.  Yet, he had to rely on the source documents having been brought to Rome by Paul and Peter with Mark.  That is why the Gospel according to John depicts almost similar episodes and words of Christ Jesus to those in the synoptic Gospels but presents a very different view on God and Christ Jesus from the synoptic Gospels.

So, the Gospels according to Luke, Mark, and Mathew were written in the era of Paul and Peter when the very early Christianity had still a tie with Judaism.  But with the Gospel according to John, the early Christianity started leaving the tie with Judaism completely behind.

So, from older days, scholars have made distinction between John and the synoptic Gospels.   But they do not seem to clearly understand the reason.  It is because they have not wondered how the Gospel had been preached in Rome by Peter, Paul, and Roman leading followers without the Bible we know today.




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Joh 2:13 And the Jews' passover was at hand, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.

Sunday, February 12, 2017

"And immediately he arose" - Jesus Himself after Finishing His Mission

Tokyo and Mt. Fuji




Jesus Himself after Finishing His Mission

It is apparent the Gospel according to Luke is canonical or authentic, since it was written by Luke who followed Paul to Rome.  As evidence of his status, the Acts tells the circumstances.

And it is important that the Gospels according to Mark, Mathew, and John tell almost the same episodes about Christ Jesus in similar sequences.  Therefore all these Gospels are thought to be canonical or authentic.  And, since Luke was close to Paul,  Mark, Mathew, and John must have been close to Paul, Peter, or other key figures in the early Christianity.

In addition, if three different Disciples of Christ Jesus had been sources for these three Gospels, the contents of them or depicted episodes of Christ Jesus should have been more different among them.  It is because Christ Jesus had preached for about three years, and if there had been one episode per day, there should have been 1,000 episodes about Christ Jesus in His mission.

 Accordingly, if these Gospels had been based on sources or witnesses uniquely different from one another, the contents of these Gospels must have been more greatly varied among them.  But each of these Gospels has about similar 100 episodes, namely 10% of possible 1,000 episodes.  This could not happen unless the sources of these Gospels had been different.

So, the Gospel according to Luke plays a key role in this study, since its source must have come from Paul.  But strangely, Paul had never seen living Christ Jesus preaching and never witnessed His episodes with his own eyes.  This is a mystery and the most important key to understanding establishment of the canonical Gospels.

My theory is, as posted recently, that Paul got a document describing the episodes of Christ Jesus' mission and how Christ Jesus had carried out His mission.  And, the most likely place Paul got this source document is Qumran around which he traveled for three yeas after his miracle encounter with the spirit of Christ Jesus on his way to Damascus.  And the person who made out the source document in Qumran for Paul must have been a very close one to Christ Jesus or even Jesus Himself after finishing His mission as Christ Jesus.

This theory also implies where Jesus went after the Resurrection from the tomb.  He must have exited the tomb with help from His follower from Qumran, who is depicted as an angel in white or a mysterious young man in some Gospels, and retired to Qumran from which He had come to appear on the River Jordan to witness John the Baptist.  


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Mar 2:12 And immediately he arose, took up the bed, and went forth before them all; insomuch that they were all amazed, and glorified God, saying, We never saw it on this fashion.
Mar 2:13 And he went forth again by the sea side; and all the multitude resorted unto him, and he taught them.

Friday, February 10, 2017

"good tidings of great joy" - Paul and Peter in Rome

Tokyo


Paul and Peter in Rome

It is thought that St. Paul spent two years in Rome, the capital of the Roman Empire.

St. Peter also came to Rome.  However, as Luke did not mention Peter in Rome in Acts, Peter must have come to Rome after Paul.  But, as Luke, who followed Paul to Rome, probably wrote the Gospel and Acts in Rome taking a year or so, Peter came to Rome one year after Paul's arrival at Rome.

But why did not Luke rewrite or modify Acts to add Peter's arrival at Rome?  It is because Luke must have become busy in preaching with Peter on streets, synagogues, etc. of Rome or Luke had already handed over his Acts to someone.  As Paul was in a state of a kind of house arrest, Paul probably could not openly go out and preach the Gospel.  So, he must have checked the Gospel.

Especially as the Gospel according to Luke was a translation from the source document Paul must have, Paul must have carefully checked it.  And, furthermore, Mark came to Rome accompanying Peter, Paul must have asked Mark also to translate the source document of the mission of Christ Jesus.  However, as Mark had written some words of Peter in their journey to Rome, Luke must have also modified his version of the Gospel according to information in Mark's writing.  So, Paul must have been busy checking Mark's version of the Gospel and Luke's version of Gospel.

In the meantime,  Peter must have been exhaustively preaching the Gospel in Rome till Nero executed both Peter and Paul.  Therefore, it was just for one year that Peter preached on Christ Jesus to Roman citizens.  But his preaching must have been so moving and impressive to the citizens of Rome, so that Peter acquired many believers.  Therefore, Peter was regarded as the First Pope even today.

Anyway, if Peter had not come to Rome, he could not have been regarded as the first Pope especially by Christians in Rome in subsequent years.  But, it was just one year's activities that allowed Peter to be honored as the First Pope.

One question is that whether Peter used the Gospels according to Luke and Mark in his preaching in Rome?  These Gospels might have been still checked by Paul under house arrest.  However, if Peter had used these Gospels in his mission, these Gospels should have become naturally more authentic.

In either case, it is also natural that the Gospel according to Luke, a follower of Paul, and the Gospel according to Mark, a follower of Peter, became canonical.  And, if Paul had also asked Mathew to translate the original Hebrew/Aramaic source into a Greek Gospel, the Gospel according Mathew is also canonical.

Put simply, it is thought these Gospels must have been written based on the same source document, which Paul must have kept since he had obtained it probably in Qumran, in the same period of time such as during Paul's house arrest in Rome till his death.

The church in Rome was already flourishing when Paul wrote his Epistle to the Romans about AD 57,[42] he greets some fifty people in Rome by name,[43] but not Peter whom he knew. There is also no mention of Peter in Rome later during Paul's two-year stay there in Acts 28, about AD 60-62. Some Church historians consistently consider Peter and Paul to have been martyred under the reign of Nero,[44][45][46] around AD 65.  
In a strong tradition of the Early Church, Peter is said to have founded the Church in Rome with Paul, served as its bishop, authored two epistles, and then met martyrdom there along with Paul. Christians of different theological backgrounds are in disagreement as to the exact significance of Peter's ministry. For instance: 
Roman Catholics view Peter as the first pope. The Roman Catholic Church asserts that Peter's ministry, conferred upon him by Jesus of Nazareth in the gospels, lays down the theological foundation for the pope's exercise of pastoral authority over the Church. 
Eastern Orthodox also believe that Peter's ministry points to an underlying theology wherein a special primacy ought to be granted to Peter's successors above other Church leaders but see this as merely a "primacy of honor", rather than the right to exercise pastoral authority. 
Protestant denominations assert that Peter's apostolic work in Rome does not imply a connection between him and the papacy.
Similarly, historians of various backgrounds also offer differing interpretations of the Apostle's presence in Rome.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_Peter

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Luk 2:10 And the angel said unto them, Fear not: for, behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people.
Luk 2:11 For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord.

Thursday, February 09, 2017

"the water that was made wine" - The Biggest Miracles of the First Century

A Sign in the Evening Sky, around Tokyo


The Biggest Miracles of the First Century


There were three major incidents in the Roman Empire when Christianity started to prevail in Rome and other parts of the Empire: the persecution and execution of Paul and Peter by Emperor Nero (about AD 65), the First Jewish-Roman War (AD 66-73), and the eruption of Mount Vesuvius (AD 79).  In addition, the so-called Second Pope Linus, appointed by Paul and Peter, died about AD 76.   What's more it is believed that the Gospels started to be written in these years.

The key figures behind the Gospels are apparently Paul and Peter.

My theory is that Paul obtained the original source document (a kind of the Q source) written in Hebrew or Aramaic in Qumran where he traveled after having encountered the spirit of Christ Jesus on his way to Damascus and spent three years before he first went to Jerusalem to see Peter and Jesus's brother James.  Through this document, Paul got enough knowledge about Christ Jesus and confidence that he now knew Christ Jesus as much as other direct Disciples of Christ Jesus.

Paul traveled preaching the Gospel even to Rome, while secretly keeping the document.  But, when he reached Rome, some of his followers that could read and write Greek asked Paul to translate the document into Greek.  Or, Paul asked them to do it.  And, while the translation work was going on, Peter arrived at Rome.  So, those translators must have gotten additional information from Paul and included some advice from Paul into their work.  Even after the Jewish-Roman War, they somewhat modified their translation versions of the Gospels.   Therefore, Gospels according to Mark, Luke, and Matthew are authentic.    But what happened to the source document Paul had after his death?

It must have been handed over to  Linus, of course.  But what happened with it after the death of Linus?  Was it destroyed by the eruption of  Mount Vesuvius while someone that obtained the document from Linus went to Pompeii with it when the volcano erupted and killed about 2,000 people there,   

Again, in my theory, John wrote his translation version of the Gospel around Pompeii as he had obtained the document after the death of Linus. But due to the eruption he lost the document. John survived and then wrote the Apocalypse or Revelation of John based on his experiences in Pompeii.  Accordingly, the Gospel according to John and the Revelation of John are authentic.

So, these were the biggest miracles of the first century in addition to the emergence of Christ Jesus: the persecution an execution of Paul and Peter by Emperor Nero (about AD 65); the First Jewish-Roman War (AD 66-73); and the eruption of Mount Vesuvius (AD 79).  In addition, the so-called Second Pope Linus, appointed by Paul and Peter, died about AD 76.


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Joh 2:9 When the ruler of the feast had tasted the water that was made wine, and knew not whence it was: (but the servants which drew the water knew;) the governor of the feast called the bridegroom,
Joh 2:10 And saith unto him, Every man at the beginning doth set forth good wine; and when men have well drunk, then that which is worse: but thou hast kept the good wine until now.

Monday, February 06, 2017

"the days were accomplished" - Source of Paul's Great Confidence



Tokyo Haneda Airport



Source of Paul's Great Confidence


Even if four persons hear the same long story from one and the same person, they will probably record vastly different four stories.

Even if the four Gospel authors had heard the episodes of Christ Jesus from Peter or someone who had actually witnessed the mission of Christ Jesus, the four Gospels should have shown great diversities.  But they look like one another very much.  So, those authors did not write their versions of Gospels  depending on their interview with  Peter or someone who had actually witnessed the mission of Christ Jesus.

Therefore, there must have been a written source for those Gospels.  And, this written source must be in Hebrew or Aramaic, since the very early Christians who were also Judaists had almost no passion to preach the Gospel to foreigners or gentiles.

And, the great confidence of Paul that he understood Christ Jesus as much as Peter and other direct disciples of Christ Jesus tells that Paul had some concrete proof or report on the holy mission of Christ Jesus that must have been the written source based on which the four Gospels were written later.

Therefore the four Gospels according to Mathew, Mark, Luke, and John must have been based on one written source Paul had.  But translation work caused some differences among them.  Anyway, therefore, the four Gospels were chosen as authentic books for the New Testament.

But who had given the written source to Paul and where?  This is one of the most important issues to understand Chrisitanity.




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Luk 2:6 And so it was, that, while they were there, the days were accomplished that she should be delivered.
Luk 2:7 And she brought forth her firstborn son, and wrapped him in swaddling clothes, and laid him in a manger; because there was no room for them in the inn.

Friday, February 03, 2017

"And all went to be taxed" - many other things which Jesus did


Tokyo Subway



many other things which Jesus did

There are many Gospels in addition to the Canonical Gospels according to Mathew, Mark, and Luke as well as the Gospel of John.
Gnostic gospels
Gospel of Thomas – possibly proto-Gnostic; 1st to mid 2nd century; collection of 114 sayings attributed to Jesus, 31 of them with no parallel in the canonical gospels
Gospel of Marcion – 2nd century; potentially an edited version of the Gospel of Luke or a document which predates Luke (see: Marcionism)
Gospel of Basilides – composed in Egypt around 120 to 140 AD; thought to be a gnostic gospel harmony of the canonical gospels
Gospel of Truth (Valentinian) – mid 2nd century; departed from earlier gnostic works by admitting and defending the physicality of Christ and his resurrection.
Gospel of the Four Heavenly Realms – mid 2nd century; thought to be a gnostic cosmology, most likely in the form of a dialogue between Jesus and his disciples.
Gospel of Mary – 2nd century
Gospel of Judas – 2nd century
Greek Gospel of the Egyptians – second quarter of the 2nd century
Gospel of Philip
Pseudo-Gospel of the Twelve – A Syriac language gospel titled the Gospel of the Twelve. This work is shorter than the regular gospels and seems to be different from the lost Gospel of the Twelve.[1]
Gospel of Perfection – 4th century; an Ophite poem that is only mentioned once by a single patristic source, Epiphanius[2] and is referred to once in the 6th century Gospel of the Infancy
The Gospel of the Lots of Mary - 6th century. 
Jewish-Christian gospels
Gospel of the Hebrews
Gospel of the Nazarenes
Gospel of the Ebionites
Gospel of the Twelve
Infancy gospels
Armenian Infancy Gospel[citation needed]
Protoevangelium of James
Libellus de Nativitate Sanctae Mariae (Gospel of the Nativity of Mary)
Gospel of Pseudo-Matthew
History of Joseph the Carpenter
Infancy Gospel of Thomas
Latin Infancy Gospel (Arundel 404)[citation needed]
Syriac Infancy Gospel
Other gospels 
Gospel of the Lots of Mary (Coptic collection of 37 oracles; ca. A.D. 500)[3] 
Partially preserved gospels 
Gospel of Peter 
Fragmentary preserved gospels[α] 
Gospel of Eve – mentioned only once by Epiphanius circa 400, who preserves a single brief passage in quotation.
Gospel of Mani – 3rd century – attributed to the Persian Mani, the founder of Manichaeism.
Gospel of the Saviour (also known as the Unknown Berlin gospel) – highly fragmentary 6th-century manuscript based on a late 2nd- or early 3rd-century original. A dialogue rather than a narrative; heavily Gnostic in character in that salvation is dependent upon possessing secret knowledge.
Coptic Gospel of the Twelve – late 2nd century Coptic language work – although often equated with the Gospel of the Ebionites, it appears to be an attempt to re-tell the Gospel of John in the pattern of the Synoptics; it quotes extensively from John's Gospel. 
Reconstructed gospels[β] 
Secret Gospel of Mark – suspect: the single source mentioning it is considered by many to be a modern forgery, and it disappeared before it could be independently authenticated.
Gospel of Matthias
Lost gospels[edit]
Gospel of Cerinthus – ca. 90–120 AD – according to Epiphanius[4] this is a Jewish gospel identical to the Gospel of the Ebionites and, apparently, a truncated version of Matthew's Gospel according to the Hebrews.
Gospel of Apelles – mid-to-late 2nd century; a further edited version of Marcion's edited version of Luke.
Gospel of Valentinus[5]
Gospel of the Encratites[6]
Gospel of Andrew – mentioned by only two 5th-century sources (Augustine and Pope Innocent I) who list it as apocryphal.[7]
Gospel of Barnabas – not to be confused with the 16th century pro-Moslem work of the same name; this work is mentioned only once, in the 5th century Decree of Gelasius which lists it as apocryphal.
Gospel of Bartholomew – mentioned by only two 5th-century sources which list it as apocryphal.[8]
Gospel of Hesychius – mentioned only by Jerome and the Decree of Gelasius that list it as apocryphal.[9]
Gospel of Lucius[9] – mentioned only by Jerome and the Decree of Gelasius that list it as apocryphal.
Gospel of Merinthus[10] – mentioned only by Epiphanius; probably the Gospel of Cerinthus, and the confusion due to a scribal error.
An unknown number of other Gnostic gospels not cited by name.[11]
Gospel of the Adversary of the Law and the Prophets[12]
Memoirs of the Apostles – Lost narrative of the life of Jesus, mentioned by Justin Martyr. The passages quoted by Justin may have originated from a gospel harmony of the Synoptic Gospels composed by Justin or his school. 
Fragments of possibly unknown or lost (or existing) gospels[α] 
Papyrus Egerton 2 – late 2nd-century manuscript of possibly earlier original; contents parallel John 5:39–47, 10:31–39; Matt 1:40–45, 8:1–4, 22:15–22; Mark 1:40–45, 12:13–17; and Luke 5:12–16, 17:11–14, 20:20–26, but differ textually; also contains incomplete miracle account with no equivalent in canonical Gospels
Fayyum Fragment – a fragment of about 100 Greek letters in 3rd century script; the text seems to parallel Mark 14:26–31
Oxyrhynchus Papyri – Fragments #1, 654, & 655 appear to be fragments of Thomas; #210 is related to MT 7:17–19 and LK 6:43–44 but not identical to them; #840 contains a short vignette about Jesus and a Pharisee not found in any known gospel, the source text is probably mid 2nd century; #1224 consists of paraphrases of Mark 2:17 and Luke 9:50
Gospel of Jesus' Wife – 4th century at the earliest.
Papyrus Berolinensis 11710 – 6th-century Greek fragment, possibly from an apocrpyhal gospel or amulet based on John.
Papyrus Cairensis 10735 – 6th–7th century Greek fragment, possibly from a lost gospel, may be a homily or commentary.
Papyrus Merton 51 – Fragment from apocryphal gospel or a homily on Luke 6:7.
Strasbourg Fragment – Fragment of a lost gospel, probably related to Acts of John.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Gospels
The reason why only the four Gospels were selected as authentic has not been explained by the Vatican.

Especially, no gospels written in Hebrew or Aramaic were became authentic.  And, the contents of the four Gospels, written in Greek, resemble one another.  In addition, the New Testament includes many documents believed to have been written by St. Paul.  Documents written by St. Paul or possibly by those close to Paul account for a majority of documents, other than the four Gospels, included in the New Testament.  And, Paul's mother tongue is believed to have been Greek.

Accordingly, it is reasonable to think that the four Gospels were also written under Paul's influence.  But it was impossible that those Gospels were written based on what Paul spoke or testified about  the actual mission of Christ Jesus, because Paul had never seen Christ Jesus alive and preaching in his life.

Therefore, it is likely that those four Gospels were written by translating or interpreting a source Paul had.  The source document must have been written in Hebrew or Aramaic.  And it must have a big volume so that Mark, Mathew, Luke and John could select parts of it for their writing, which caused some variations in episodes among them and even some differences in interpretation.

In deed, the last section of the Gospel of John looks like suggesting it:
Joh 21:25 And there are also many other things which Jesus did, the which, if they should be written every one, I suppose that even the world itself could not contain the books that should be written. Amen.




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Luk 2:1 And it came to pass in those days, that there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus that all the world should be taxed.
Luk 2:2 (And this taxing was first made when Cyrenius was governor of Syria.)
Luk 2:3 And all went to be taxed, every one into his own city.

Wednesday, February 01, 2017

"into Capernaum after some days" - Judaists, Romans, and Christianity

A Tokyo Street


Judaists, Romans, and Christianity

The Roman Empire destroyed the temple in Jerusalem in the Jewish-Roman War fought between 66 and 73.   And then after the Bar Kokhba revolt fought between 132 and 136, Israelites or Judaists were all expelled out of Palestine.  And then the Jewish diaspora began, leading to the tragedy of Judaists in Europe in WWII of the 20th century.

Therefore Romans were critical enemies for Judaists.  Judaists never tried to invite Romans to join their religion.  But early Christians preached to Romans and invited them to join their religion.

Even Christ Jesus, a Judaist, was killed by Roman soldiers in Jerusalem.  But, as the Gospels indicate, there were no anger, hatred, and a sense of revenge on Romans in early Christians.  Rather, early Christians made full efforts to disseminate their religion in Rome and the Empire.  And, about 300 years after the death of Christ Jesus, the Roman Empire adopted Christianity as its state religion.

But how did this proceeding of  infiltration of Christianity look to the eyes of Judaists living in Rome and the Empire?

Ex-Judaists who converted to Christianity and tried to disseminate Christianity to Romans must have looked like enemies and betrayers of Judaists who must have had still hold a grudge against Romans who destroyed Jerusalem.  And eventually Christianity became the state religion of the Roman Empire.  It means to Judaists that Christianity became the religion of their enemies.

Later Christians in Europe blamed Judaists for having betrayed Christ Jesus and helped the Crucifixion.  But for Judaists, Romans killed so many Judaists in the Jewish-Roman Wars and the Bar Kokhba revolt.  It is Judaists that have more reasons for hating the opposite than Christians, since Christianity that had emerged among Judaists became the religion of the enemy of Judaists.

So, probably any Judaists having right sense would not accept Christianity especially after Christianity became the state religion of the Roman Empire.  Christianity became the religion of their enemies who had killed so many Judaists and destroyed the temple of Jerusalem.  Even today, Judaists must have this complex feelings to Christianity: Christianity betrayed Judaists and became the religion of their enemies who had killed hundreds of thousands of their ancestors and destroyed Jerusalem around the first century.

So, it must not be the matter of religious principles that Judaists even today would not accept Christianity, but it must be the historical reason that Christianity became the state religion of the Roman Empire that killed hundreds of thousands of Judaists and destroyed Jerusalem around the first century, forcing Judaists to suffer the diaspora.         

However, one of the critical reasons why the Western Roman Empire collapsed in the middle of the 5th century, or 200 years after the Empire adopted Christianity as the state religion must be that Christianity greatly influenced the mind sets of Romans.  The Roman Empire had been supported by a kind of militarism.  But due to penetration of Christianity, a religion of peace and love, the Empire came to be unable to maintain the strong army.  So, the Empire was forced to give up occupation of its vast territories before invasion by many and formidable foreign tribes.  

In this context, Christianity avenged the defeat of Judaists by Romans in the first century.

Therefore, if Judaists today admitted that their ancestors' enemy, the Roman Empire, collapsed due to Christianity, they might change their views and attitudes to Christianity.

Accordingly, it must be Christianity that made the Western Roman Empire collapse more than any other reasons such as a drastic climate change and great invasion by Asian tribes.



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Mar 2:1 And again he entered into Capernaum after some days; and it was noised that he was in the house.

"shalt call his name JESUS" - Jesus from Qumran to Egypt




Around the Tokyo Station


Jesus from Qumran to Egypt

In addition to the discovery of the Dead Sea Documents, there is another discovery of documents related to early Christianity in the 20th century: the Nag Hammadi library.
The Nag Hammadi library (also known as the "Chenoboskion Manuscripts", or as the "Gnostic Gospels"[1]) is a collection of Gnostic texts discovered near the Upper Egyptian town of Nag Hammadi in 1945. Twelve leather-bound papyrus codices buried in a sealed jar were found by a local farmer named Muhammed al-Samman.[2] The writings in these codices comprised fifty-two mostly Gnostic treatises, but they also include three works belonging to the Corpus Hermeticum and a partial translation/alteration of Plato's Republic. In his introduction to The Nag Hammadi Library in English, James Robinson suggests that these codices may have belonged to a nearby Pachomian monastery, and were buried after Saint Athanasius condemned the use of non-canonical books in his Festal Letter of 367 A.D. The discovery of these texts significantly influenced modern scholarship into early Christianity and Gnosticism.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nag_Hammadi_library  
 
However, any of the Gospels according to Mathew, Mark, Luke, and John are not included in the discovered library.  It means the origins of these Gospels were not around Jerusalem since Jerusalem is close to Egypt.  These Gospels must have been translated from a Hebrew/Aramaic source Paul had in Rome.

My theory is that those who had lived in Qumran left for Egypt after the first Jewish-Roman War.  And, as there were early Christians in Qumran, they practiced the religion in Egypt, resulting in an environment where Nag Hammadi documents were later made.

Futhermore, in those who traveled from Qumran to Egypt, Jesus who had resurrected from the death on the cross must have been included.  Therefore, this miracle of the discovery of the Nag Hammadi library occurred in the 20th century together with the discovery of the Qumran documents.  



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Luk 1:31 And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name JESUS.
Luk 1:32 He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David:
Luk 1:33 And he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end.

Sunday, January 29, 2017

"into the house of Simon and Andrew, with James and John" - Mystery of Resemblance of the Four Gospels


Around Prime Minister's Office, Tokyo


Mystery of Resemblance of the Four Gospels

Why do the Gospels according to Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John resemble one another in their contents about the mission by Christ Jesus?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Synoptic_Gospels

As Christ Jesus preached for three years, namely 1,000 days, there must have been at least 1,000 episodes to be written in each Gospel.  But each of them contains only about 100 episodes, at most.  If these Gospels had used different sources, their contents should have differ from one another significantly.

The answer must be that there was only one source.

My theory is that it was written by Jesus after the Resurrection in Qumran in Aramaic or Hebrew.  This document was handed to Paul when he came to Qumran from Damascus.  And Paul made it secret, since there were many enemies.  But with this source of evidence of Christ Jesus, Paul could preach to Judaists and gentiles so passionately with strong confidence.

When Paul came to Rome, he allowed some of his followers, such as Luke (his close aid or personal medical doctor), and even followers of Peter (such as Mark), when Peter came to Rome, to translate the secret document into Greek, one of the then common languages in the Roman Empire.   So, according to translators, some variations came to emerge.  And, as the original author was Jesus, they called their translation the Gospel according to Mathew, the Gospel according to Mark, the Gospel according to Luke, and the Gospel according to John.  This "according to" means "translated from the original source by."

 But, it might have been Paul who chose about 100 episodes from original 1,000 episodes Jesus had written.  Or as it took three years for Paul to come to Jerusalem after his encounter of the spirit of Jesus on the road to Damascus, it is thought that Paul stayed in Qumran for three years.  Then Paul might have written the original source as he saw and heard directly words of Jesus in Qumran like Muhammad later heard words of an angel in a cave and wrote them down.

Anyway, the direct source of the Gospels must have been Paul in Rome.  And he must have the original source where the mission of Christ Jesus was written with 100 or more episodes in Aramaic or Hebrew.  And it was translated by Mathew, Mark, Luke, and John.  However, as there are some difference among them, the original source must have been larger in volume.  The translators had discretion to choose or spare some episodes or interpret episodes.

The key factors are the linkage of Jesus with Qumran, Paul's three years from Damascus to Jerusalem, and Paul's strong confidence that he knew Christ Jesus spiritually or personally.



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Mar 1:28 And immediately his fame spread abroad throughout all the region round about Galilee.
Mar 1:29 And forthwith, when they were come out of the synagogue, they entered into the house of Simon and Andrew, with James and John.
Mar 1:30 But Simon's wife's mother lay sick of a fever, and anon they tell him of her.
Mar 1:31 And he came and took her by the hand, and lifted her up; and immediately the fever left her, and she ministered unto them.

Saturday, January 28, 2017

"the virgin's name was Mary" - Qumran and Jesus in the Dead Sea Documents


Tokyo


Qumran and Jesus in the Dead Sea Documents

There are some arguments about the relationship between Christ Jesus and the sect living and practicing their religious belief in Qumran.  But in most cases, the conclusion is that Christ Jesus was not from Qumran.  However, the basis of their argument is not so persuading.  One example is as follows:
Jesus’ movement shows some similarities to the Qumran sect/Essenes, such as the holding of communal meals and the pooling of possessions. Furthermore, both were apocalyptic Jewish movements that anticipated the imminent arrival of the end of days and a messianic era. However, differences between these two groups indicate that Jesus could not have been an Essene. For example, members of the Qumran sect/Essenes anticipated the arrival of not one but two Messiahs: a royal Messiah of Israel descended from David and a priestly Messiah descended from Aaron. Perhaps the most striking differences concern the observance of biblical purity laws and the admission of new members. Whereas the Qumran sect/Essenes strictly observed priestly purity laws, Jesus reportedly came into contact with the most impure members of Jewish society, including hemorrhaging women, lepers, and even corpses; and whereas the Qumran sect/Essenes were exclusive, with only unblemished adult males eligible to apply for full membership (the same qualifications necessary to serve as a priest in the temple), Jesus’s movement was inclusive and welcomed everyone. 
https://www.bibleodyssey.org/en/places/main-articles/dead-sea-qumran.aspx

If Christ Jesus had been a pure believer of the Qumran sect, He should not have started His holy mission guided by a holy spirit.  Qumran must have been a place for young Jesus to learn and study traditions of Judaism.  It does not necessarily mean that Jesus turned to be a 100% follower of the sect.

Jesus must have grown up to find a need to see John the Baptists who was working among people and on the River Jordan.  It meas that Jesus advanced in His fath toward a more universal standpoint.  Jesus must have been wise enough to establish His own theory on religion before He came to the River Jordan where He received a holy spirit sent by God.

It is no wonder that no direct linkage between Christ Jesus and the Qumran sect was found in the Dead Sea documents found in Qumran caves.  Christ Jesus started His mission as the Son of God but not as a teacher of Qumran.

So, anyway where did young Jesus learn and study traditions of Judaism?  In the local village Nazareth or the temple of Jerusalem?  God indicated that the place was Qumran by revealing existence of the Dead Sea scrolls and allowing discovery of them 2000 years after Qumran was destroyed Roam troops.  This miracle of the Qumran discovery means that we have to at lease focus on Qumran as 2000 years have passed since Christianity emerged.   There must be a holy meaning in Qumran.  



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Luk 1:26 And in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God unto a city of Galilee, named Nazareth,
Luk 1:27 To a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin's name was Mary.
Luk 1:28 And the angel came in unto her, and said, Hail, thou that art highly favoured, the Lord is with thee: blessed art thou among women.

Thursday, January 26, 2017

"when the unclean spirit had torn him" - St. Paul and "Arabia" or Qumran


Tokyo



St. Paul and "Arabia" or Qumran

How could St. Paul suddenly become a follower of Christ though the Spirit of Jesus appeared to St. Paul on the road to Damascus?

And, how could St. Paul learn about the mission  and the deeds of Christ Jesus to the depth and extent that allowed St. Paul to preach the gospel of Christ Jesus to others with such confidence.  Who taught St. Paul the life of Christ Jesus, although St. Paul had been a great persecutor of followers of Christ Jesus?  Just one appearance of the Spirit of Christ Jesus to St. Paul could not give St. Paul such knowledge about Christ Jesus and confidence in following Christ Jesus.   Where and from whom did St. Paul learn about Christ Jesus?   It must be in Qumran.

After his conversion, Paul went to Damascus, where Acts 9 states he was healed of his blindness and baptized by Ananias of Damascus.[44] Paul says that it was in Damascus that he barely escaped death.[2 Cor. 11:32] Paul also says that he then went first to Arabia, and then came back to Damascus.[Gal. 1:17][45] Paul's trip to Arabia is not mentioned anywhere else in the Bible, and some suppose he actually traveled to Mount Sinai for meditations in the desert.[46][47] He describes in Galatians how three years after his conversion he went to Jerusalem. There he met James and stayed with Simon Peter for 15 days.[Gal. 1:13-24] Paul located Mount Sinai in Arabia in Galatians 4:24-25.
 
Paul asserted that he received the Gospel not from man, but directly by "the revelation of Jesus Christ".[Gal 1:11-16]
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_the_Apostle#Post-conversion
After the miracle on the road to Damascus, St. Paul went to "Arabia" or "Mt. Sinai."  He spent there three years.  And then, he came to Jerusalem for the thirst time to see St. James, a brother of Jesus, and St. Peter, the leader of the followers of Christ Jesus in Jerusalem.

But it was only for 15 days that St. Paul was in Jerusalem to live and talk with St. James and St. Peter.  It is not enough for St. Paul to learn about Christ Jesus from the two men.  St. Paul must have learnt enough about Christ Jesus in the three years when he was in "Arabia" or "Mt. Sinai."  And, the only place St. Paul could learn about Christ Jesus was Qumran, since Jesus had come out of Qumran to the River Jordan to be baptized by Prophet John and Jesus must have returned to Qumran as His mission as Christ Jesus after the Crucifixion and the Resurrection.

Jesus must have written a document today called the Q source, the original source of the Gospels according to Mark, Matthew, Luke and John.  St. Paul must have met Jesus or read the document written by Jesus in Qumran, no matter what manner.  That is why St. Paul wrote later that he "received the Gospel not from man, but directly by 'the revelation of Jesus Christ'."  

And, after his first visit to Jerusalem, St. Paul did not come to Jerusalem to see St. James and St. Peter for 14 years.  It means that St. Paul thought that he knew enough about Christ Jesus as much as the two key figures, who had actually seen living Christ Jesus, of followers of Christ Jesus in Jerusalem knew about Christ Jesus.  St. Paul did not need to ask questions about Christ Jesus to them.  It is because in Qumran St. Paul had met Jesus or read the source document of the Gospels written by Jesus.

The key to understanding the extremely strong confidence that St. Paul thought that he knew Christ Jesus so much that he could start his own mission with such great passion must be his experiences in Qumran which he called "Arabia" for some reason.
Qumran (Hebrew: קומראן‎‎; Arabic: خربة قمران‎‎ Khirbet Qumran) is an archaeological site in the West Bank managed by Israel's Qumran National Park.[1] It is located on a dry plateau about 1.5 km (1 mi) from the northwestern shore of the Dead Sea, near the Israeli settlement and kibbutz of Kalya. The Hellenistic period settlement was constructed during the reign of John Hyrcanus, 134-104 BCE or somewhat later, and was occupied most of the time until it was destroyed by the Romans in 68 CE or shortly after. It is best known as the settlement nearest to the Qumran Caves where the Dead Sea Scrolls were hidden, caves in the sheer desert cliffs and beneath, in the marl terrace.
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qumran


Israel towns
http://www.drshirley.org/geog/map01.html
Damascus and Qumran



http://www.lifeintheholyland.com/views_vanished_david_bivin_1960s.htm
Qumran and the Dead Sea

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Mar 1:25 And Jesus rebuked him, saying, Hold thy peace, and come out of him.
Mar 1:26 And when the unclean spirit had torn him, and cried with a loud voice, he came out of him.



Monday, January 23, 2017

"Joseph called Barsabas, who was surnamed Justus, and Matthias" - Secret of the Gospels


Shinkansen Super-Express Trains, Japan


Secret of the Gospels

Christ Jesus preached for about three years.

But only 100 or so episodes are described in each Gospel.  It is strange.  Since three years is almost 1,000 days, there must have been  1,000 episodes written in each Gospel.  Or each of the four Gospels must be significantly different in their contents.  However, the contents of the four Gospels are roughly similar to one another.

(Refer to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_key_episodes_in_the_Canonical_Gospels)

It means the basic sources of the Gospels according to Matthew, Mark, Luke and John must be the same.

Furthermore, it is also strange that they are called the Gospel according to Matthew, that according to Mark, that according to Luke and that according to John.  Why aren't they called the Gospel by Mathew, etc.?

Those Gospels must have been originally written by a very authentic person, and Matthew, Mark, Luke and John must have just re-written or edited it.  Mathew, etc. were probably afraid that they were wrongly identified as original authors.  And they were also afraid to reveal the name of the original author.

Taking into account various conditions, the original author seems to have been Jesus who seems to have left Jerusalem for Qumran after the resurrection when the holy spirit having been given to Him by God on the River Jordan left Him. 

Jesus who returned to a natural man must have written a memoir of His mission in Qumran.  But He had to write about Himself in the past mission  in the third person, since Jesus as a natural man was different from Christ Jesus who had been engaged in the holy mission with the holy spirit. 

Therefore, the four Gospels based on this original memoir by Jesus are very authentic, so that Matthew, Mark, Luke and John could not claim their authorship.  It also means that they must have known or believed that the original source had been written by Jesus Himself.

This must be one of secrets of Christianity.


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Act 1:23 And they appointed two, Joseph called Barsabas, who was surnamed Justus, and Matthias.
Act 1:24 And they prayed, and said, Thou, Lord, which knowest the hearts of all men, shew whether of these two thou hast chosen,
Act 1:25 That he may take part of this ministry and apostleship, from which Judas by transgression fell, that he might go to his own place

Friday, January 20, 2017

"The mystery of the seven stars" - A Newer Testament (resurrection and the Q source)

Around Tokyo


A Newer Testament (resurrection and the Q source)

After the resurrection three days after the Crucifixion, Jesus came back to life.

At the same time, His followers in white from Qumran arrived at the tomb where the dead body of Jesus had been laid down.  They persuaded guards before the tomb to leave the place and rolled out the big stone having been set at the entrance to the tomb cave.  With the sun rays coming into the cave, Jesus got up from the floor and came outside with help from the followers.

Subsequently, women and disciples of Jesus arrived at the tomb, and some of them met and exchanged words with one of the followers of Jesus from Qumran as depicted in the Gospels.

However, when Jesus resurrected, the holy spirit having been given by the God on the River Jordan separated from the mind of Jesus.  This spirit continued to appear before His disciples for a while.  But, resurrected Jesus went back to Qumran with his followers from the religious center of a certain sect of Judaism.

Jesus must have continued to live in Qumran till the the First Jewish–Roman War (66–73 CE) when all the residents of Qumran left the site as Roam troops advanced there.

But what did Jesus do while living in or after leaving Qumran?

He must have written His memoir that later became the Q source and an underlying source of the Gospel of Mark:
The Q source (also Q document, Q Gospel, Q Sayings Gospel, or Q from German: Quelle, meaning "source") is a hypothetical written collection of Jesus' sayings (logia). Q is (part of) the common material found in the Gospels of Matthew and Luke but not in the Gospel of Mark. According to this hypothesis, this material was drawn from the early Church's Oral Tradition.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Q_source
Indeed, there are some descriptions about certain incidents in the Gospels that no other than Jesus could know and Jesus would not say to any others.

So, a theory based on this version of the Gospel is that parts of the Gospels were really written by Jesus Himself, though the holy spirit having been given to Him on the River Jordan by God had already left Him.


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Rev 1:20 The mystery of the seven stars which thou sawest in my right hand, and the seven golden candlesticks. The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches: and the seven candlesticks which thou sawest are the seven churches.

Wednesday, January 18, 2017

"When as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph" - A Newer Testament




Around Tokyo


A Newer Testament

In Nazareth, one day Joseph, the father of Jesus, found that some villagers were collecting tax for the Roman authority but they did not fully handed the collected money to Roman officers and used the rest of the money for themselves.

So, Joseph accused those villagers of their deceiving act.  However, Joseph was overwhelmed by them to be threatened to kill.  So, Joseph decided to leave Nazareth for Egypt like he had once left Palestine with his wife Mary and son Jesus.  And, at the time, Jesus who had followed Joseph in accusing bad villagers also left Nazareth with His father Joseph.  But Jesus did not flee to Egypt with Joseph, but He decided to go and live in Qumran.  At the time, Jesus was about 13 years old.

As time went by, when Jesus became 30 years old or so, He started His holy mission.

So, that is why some evil priests knowing this past episode involving Joseph and his accusation of some villagers of Nazareth for their deceit with tax money asked Christ Jesus whether tax should be paid or not.

Thais also why when Christ Jesus visited his home village Nazareth for preaching there, some villagers who still held a grudge on Joseph and Jesus mobilized other villagers to push Christ Jesus out of a cliff to kill him in revenge.

But what became of Joseph who had left for Egypt? It is unknown, but most probably he went to Alexandria with a large population of Judaists at the time. Joseph, a carpenter, might have helped Hero of Alexandria who was a great engineer at the time.
Hero of Alexandria (Greek: Ἥρων ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεύς, Heron ho Alexandreus; also known as Heron of Alexandria c. 10 AD – c. 70 AD) was a Greek mathematician and engineer who was active in his native city of Alexandria, Roman Egypt. He is considered the greatest experimenter of antiquity[1] and his work is representative of the Hellenistic scientific tradition.[2] 
Hero published a well recognized description of a steam-powered device called an aeolipile (sometimes called a "Hero engine"). Among his most famous inventions was a windwheel, constituting the earliest instance of wind harnessing on land.[3][4] He is said to have been a follower of the atomists. Some of his ideas were derived from the works of Ctesibius. 
Much of Hero's original writings and designs have been lost, but some of his works were preserved in Arabic manuscripts.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hero_of_Alexandria
Indeed, everything is possible for God, so that He must never leave Joseph unhonored.
  


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Mat 1:18 Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise: When as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Ghost.
Mat 1:19 Then Joseph her husband, being a just man, and not willing to make her a publick example, was minded to put her away privily.
Mat 1:20 But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the LORD appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost.