Saturday, April 02, 2011

"fasted forty days and forty nights" - (New Reactor Design)

Tokyo Bay
Tokyo Central
(Photos taken by EEE Reporter)

New Reactor Design

A citizens' group requested several years ago TEPCO to take enough preventive steps so as to protect emergency power generators from a possible tsunami estimated to be as large as the one caused by the 1960 Great Chilean earthquake.
The 1960 Valdivia earthquake or Great Chilean earthquake (Spanish: Gran terremoto de Chile/Valdivia) of 22 May 1960 is to date the most powerful earthquake ever recorded on Earth, rating 9.5 on the moment magnitude scale...

Earthquake-induced tsunamis affected southern Chile, Hawaii, Japan, the Philippines, eastern New Zealand, south east Australia and the Aleutian Islands. Some localised tsunamis severely battered the Chilean coast, with waves up to 25 metres (82 ft)...

In Japan, the tsunami arrived about 22 hours after the earthquake and 142 people were killed. Tsunami waves as high as 10.7 metres (35 ft) were recorded 10,000 kilometres (6,000 miles) from the epicentre, several as far away as Japan and the Philippines.

This tsunami was measured to be about 5 meters high around the site where Fukushima Daiichi Plant was built later. TEPCO set the emergency power generators for nuclear reactors at the height of 5.5 meters or so above the sea level, rejecting every request from such citizens' groups.

It has been reported that 14 meter-high tsunami attacked the Fukushima No.1 Nuclear Power Plant on March 11, 2011, thus disabling emergency circulation of cooling water around nuclear fuel in the pressure vessel, as the main power supply to the reactor was halted due to the M9.0 earthquake.

CHAPTER I: Design Review of Nuclear Reactor

Arrogance can be easily seen in the conventional design of a nuclear reactor:

If the turbine system fails or the piping between the pressure reactor and the turbine building has a trouble, nuclear fuel cannot be cooled in the pressure reactor, since water/vapor circulation is stopped.

Economy for power generation has however neglected this possibility, since its probability is very small when the plant is constructed and operated very properly in a place without a past history of earthquakes, tsunamis, or terror.

Yet, humbly taking into consideration earthquakes, tsunamis, or terror of any scale, an auxiliary cooling system should be installed in connection with the pressure vessel as below designed.

By applying a special mechanism, water/vapor can be circulated between the pressure vessel and the auxiliary water tank without using electricity, even in the worst case.

CHAPTER II: How to Finance Disaster Recovery

The GDP of Japan is about $7 trillion.

Based on this capacity, the Japanese Government can issue a 50-year maturation bond to get $240 billion. This bond can be purchased by the central bank of Japan BOJ.

If the Japanese economy grows at 2% for 50 years, its GDP will be $19 trillion in 50 years. (1.02 x 1.02 x... x 1.02 = 2.69 with 50 items on the left-hand side) The net increase is $12 trillion (19-7). If it is evenly distributed over 50 years, each year's increase is $240 billion. Accordingly, money or yen bills can increase $240 billion each year if applied linearly. So, BOJ can supply yen bills worth $240 billion for the Government in exchange of the 50-year bond without harming credibility of yen.

This bond will be bought back by the Government 50 years later at $240 billion or so.

This $240 billion is almost equal to the estimated damages of the afflicted area by the 3/11 Earthquake and Tsunami.

**** **** ****

The tsunami-hit area of northeast Japan or northeast of Tokyo is indicated with a red line segment in the following map indicating the U.S. and Japan in the same scale size.

(Click to enlarge.)

So, it is tantamount to hitting the coastal area from Long Island and New York to Washington DC.

(From Libya to Syria, Gaza to Bahrain, and Afghanistan to Pakistan, poor people are running and shouting on the street not like in Las Vegas.

Mat 4:2 And when he had fasted forty days and forty nights, he was afterward an hungred.

Mat 4:3 And when the tempter came to him, he said, If thou be the Son of God, command that these stones be made bread.

Mat 4:4 But he answered and said, It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God.

Friday, April 01, 2011

"again to teach by the sea side" - (History of Crises)

Tokyo Bay
Haneda Airport on Tokyo Bay
(Photos taken by EEE Reporter)

Such History of Crises

The regime change was realized in September 2009 in Japan.

Whatever mistakes and negligence before it can be ascribed to the LDP, a major ruling party before the general election conducted in August 2009.

However, during the reign of the incumbent major ruling party DPJ, many warning tragedies have happened in the world. If the DPJ cabinet had taken enough notice on those natural and man-made disastrous incidents, they must have ordered TEPCO to reinforce anti-earthquake/tsunami facilities in the Fukushima NO.1 (Daiichi) Nuclear Power Plant.

Responsibility is more on the DPJ led by Prime Minister Mr. Naoto Kan than on the LDP which had been in power for half a century after WWII.

PART 4-1-5:

Northeast Japan Earthquake/Tsunami: 3/11, 2011

Christchurch of NZ Earthquake: 2/22, 2011

Big Floods in East Australia: December 2010 to January 2011

Chile Copper Mine Accident: 8/5, 2010

BP's Accident in the Gulf of Mexico: 4/20, 2010

Haiti Earthquake: 1/12, 2010

Sichuan China Earthquake: 5/12, 2008

Pakistan Earthquake: 10/8, 2005

Hurricane Katrina: 8/29, 2005

Sumatra Earthquake/Tsunami: 12/26, 2004

US East Coast Attack by Terror: 9/11, 2001

Kobe Earthquake: 1/17, 1995

Tokyo Electric Power Corporation and the Japanese Government are wrong in neglecting a great threat coming to the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plants situated on the North Pacific Ocean and in the earthquake-prone zone.

All they had to do is spend $30,000 to reinforce facilities housing emergency power generators to activate pumps for circulating water and cooling nuclear fuel in the case that the normal water-circulation system was broken by an earthquake, a tsunami, or a typhoon of a magnitude beyond imagination or by an act of terror.

(Note: As the direct cause of the Fukushima Daiichi acident was 15-meter high tsunamis triggered by the M9.0 earthquake that occurred on March 11, 2011; all they needed was 15-meter-high walls surrounding the Fukushima Diichi nuclear power plant, which would cost just tens of millions of dollars.  With such high-walls, no tsunamis would destroy emergency power supplies.)

PART 4-1-4:

My idea on a new cooling system of a nuclear reactor is as follows:

The "New Cooling System" will not be accessed in normal condition. Its piping to the pressure vessel is usually closed.

But, when the circulation of water between the pressure vessel and the turbine building is halted for any emergency, the valves or the doors between the pipes to the New Cooling System and the pressure vessel will be opened.

Vapor in the pressure vessel is guided and taken to the upper part of the New Cooling System and water will be supplied from the System to the pressure vessel through the lower piping.

PART 4-1-3:

Paris, Berlin, London, and Washington DC and Beijing as well as Moscow are free from fear of a great earthquake. But, Tokyo can be hit at any time by a great natural disaster like the capital of Haiti Port-au-Prince or as Tokyo itself of 1923.

The 1923 Great Kanto earthquake struck the Kanto plain on the Japanese main island of Honshu at 11:58:44 am JST on September 1, 1923. Varied accounts hold that the duration of the earthquake was between 4 and 10 minutes. The Kantō quake killed between 100,000 and 140,000 people, making it the deadliest earthquake ever to strike Japan.

The Japanese history in the first half of the 20th century changed greatly after this Great Kanto Earthquake Disaster.

At the time, as today, the U.S. sent great aid to the Empire of Japan. But, after this tragedy, the diplomatic courses of the two countries started to conflict over the Chinese market. Indeed, several years after the 1923 Great Disaster, the Great Depression started in America, leading to difficult 1930's worldwide.

So, Japan and the U.S. of today must not repeat the tragic scenario of 1930's following the 1923 Great Kanto Earthquake and the 1929 Great Debacle of Wall Street.

PART 4-1-2:

The Japanese Self-Defense Army sent eight divisions and seven brigades to the earthquake/tsunami hit areas and the nuclear-threated areas; the total number of service men and women engaged is about 100,000.

So, some critics are afraid of the defense of Japan from aggressive Russia, North Korea, and China getting weak.

Yet, what the Self-Defense Forces have lost in this 3/11 tragedy is just 18 or so training planes as a tsunami attacked its airfield a few miles into the interior from the North Pacific Ocean.

PART 4-1-1:

The U.S. Major League Baseball players on their season-opening game expressed their sympathy to Japan and the Japanese people who suffered the 3/11 Great Earthquake and Tsunami.

Some Japanese journalists and reporters working in Washington DC were surprised to receive so many compassionate words and friendly greetings from American elites and ordinary people as well as their old friends in New York and so on.

It has really revealed hidden pro-Japanese sentiments in the American society which some anti-Japanese factions in the American political and economic domains cannot defeat.

Some US military platoon has helped a Japanese high school in the affected area clean up its schoolhouse and gymnasium.

Some US Navy ships are helping the Japanese Self-Defense Navy search for victims of the tsunami in every port of the affected area.

Especially, helpful was US military's activities to recover the Sendai Airport that was covered by tsunami waves on March 11, 2011. It is rather a mystery why the Japanese Government did not give priority to restoration of the Sendai Airport immediately after the disaster.

More than 13,000 U.S. military personnels have been mobilized for this aid operation on northeast Japan, including one aircraft-carrier fleet.

Their activities have been well reported and televised in Japan.

*** *** *** ***

The tsunami of March 11 reached as far as 16 kilometers inland at some place.

At average, it reached 4 to 5 kilometers; seawater still remains today in a paddy field in which some sea fish are swimming.

As most of the affected area had past experiences of big tsunamis since the late 19th century, they built the world largest breakwater before their port, long and tall walls around their village, and escape facilities here and there, conducting evacuation drills occasionally and teaching children the power of tsunami, all in vain.

So far it is estimated that 1,100 or so children, school boys and girls, and high school students lost their lives on March 11, 2011, among the 30,000 deaths and missing.

(No wonder that the sun was shining, the sea was shining, and the sky was shining as usual somewhere in the universe on March 11, 2011.

Mar 4:1 And he began again to teach by the sea side: and there was gathered unto him a great multitude, so that he entered into a ship, and sat in the sea; and the whole multitude was by the sea on the land.

Mar 4:2 And he taught them many things by parables, and said unto them in his doctrine,

Mar 4:3 Hearken; Behold, there went out a sower to sow:

Thursday, March 31, 2011

"He that cometh from above is above all" - (Quake, Tsunami, & Nuke))

Tokyo - Chiyoda Ward
Tokyo - Shibuya Ward(Photos by EEE Reporter)

Earthquake, Tsunami, & Nuclear Problems

Before March 11, 2011, Japanese Prime Minister Mr. Naoto Kan's approval rating was falling down below 20%.

With the 3/11 Great Disaster of Northeast Japan the trend changed a little, pushing up the rating to 30%.

Yet, the ruling party DPJ for the first time took power in September 2009. They are called amateur administration. They have specialized in criticism but not in administration.

On the other hand, the old conservative party LDP looks like offering just moderate cooperation to the Kan Cabinet, though there are some voices calling for grand coalition.

Without this tragedy, P.M. Mr. Kan would be forced to leave the premiership in April when local elections are conducted in most parts of Japan. With this tragedy, he looks like going to survive some more months.

PART 31-10

Japanese atomic power-related makers, Hitachi, Toshiba, and Japan Steel Works, have been aggressive in its estimation of further introduction of nuclear power plants in the global market.

Hitachi estimates that world nuclear power plants (except in Japan) will add electricity of 37 Giga-Watts in 2015 to the level in 2006.

One new nuclear power plant is expected to produce 1 GW. Therefore, they expect nations in the world to build 4 to 6 nuclear power plants per year till 2030.

PART 31-9

Now at 6 p.m of Thursday Japan Time, French President Mr. Sarkozy and Japanese PM Mr. Kan are holding a joint press conference in the prime minister office in Tokyo; Mr. Sarkozy said it is a matter of tsunami but not a plant.

French President Mr. Sarkozy stressed that it is not whether to choose a nuclear power plant or not but how to enhance safety of nuclear plants that is essential.

PART 31-8

There is a report that once a Japanese nuclear power plant designer found a fault in his engineering design. There was a possibility that some piping might cause a trouble. So, he tried to correct it, though his original design had been already authorized by a competent authority of the Japanese Government and put into construction. So, he submitted a request for change in design, which was however rejected by an official in charge.

"If it was admitted, it would harm reputation of inerrancy of my office. What my office approved must be perfect. Therefore no change or correction is allowed," replied the elite bureaucrat.

And, there have been many anti-nuclear power plant activists in Japan. If any design change is done, they would jump at it to take it as evidence of incompleteness of nuclear power plants.

Accordingly, the design fault was left as it was.

(Of course, without a big earthquake or tsunami, this defect does not cause any problem in operation of the nuclear power plant.)

PART 31-7

The nearest city to Tokyo significantly damaged by the 3/11 Earthquake is Urayasu City, Chiba Prefecture.

Liquefaction phenomenon emerged largely in the city where Tokyo Disney Land is situated as it is 10 km east of the Tokyo Station.

In Tokyo, one old big hall had part of its roof fallen to the audience, killing two people, due to the 3/11 M9.0 Earthquake of which epicenter was 550 km northeast.

PART 31-6

The nearest city to Tokyo significantly damaged by the 3/11 Tsunami is Asahi City, Chiba Prefecture.

The city is 80 kilometers east of Tokyo, facing the Pacific Ocean. The tsunami killed 11 citizens and damaged 300 or so houses and buildings. Even its city hall was battered by three waves of the tsunami that came in 3 house after the occurrence of the M9.0 earthquake off Miyagi Prefecture, 500 km north of Asahi.
(Click to enlarge.)

Tokyo does not face the Pacific Ocean directly, though connected to it through Tokyo Bay.

PART 31-5

PetroChina Company is to provide 20,000 tons of oil fuel to Japan as emergency aid.

PART 31-4

The president of Tokyo Power Electric Company has been reportedly hospitalized.

Mr. Masataka Shimizu, president of TEPCO, was called to the Prime Minister Office at 4:17 a.m. by Prime Minister Mr. Naoto Kan on April 15 for some emergency talk, though PM Mr. Kan did not take any effective measures on the day except setting up the unified headquarters of the government and TEPCO in the TEPCO's main office building.

PART 31-3

IAEA has reported that twice larger radioactivity than its specified allowable limit was detected by its stuff in a village 40 kilometers from the Fukushima Daiichi Plant.

PART 31-2

Today in three consecutive days, planned outage is cancelled by Tokyo Power Electric Corporation.

So, electricity will be provided all day long for every household and business today around Tokyo where 35 million people live and work.

PART 31-1

The Thai Government has decided to provide two sets of gas turbine generators for Japan as rental for five years.

The electricity-generator facilities could reportedly cover 244,000 households with their utility service if set in Tokyo Bay.

*** *** *** ***

President Mr. Barack Obama has expressed his will to continue to introduce nuclear power plants.

In America, except California, no big earthquakes and tsunamis are expected to happen like in France. But, there is an essential problem of nuclear waste. Though the U.S. might find many suitable places to deposit various types of nuclear waste in its vast land, there is still a big possibility that those who are in charge of handling the waste are contaminated.

So, we had better stop pursuing the nuclear power generation policy for a while worldwide.

Incidentally, the U.S. and some other nations still rely on nuclear weapons. It is time to pursue abolition of this type of weapons worldwide. If an era has come when a mediocre-size of nuclear warfare becomes a common thing, it will surely lead to decline of human civilization.

When mankind has come to use nuclear power in the 20th century, I really think the God must get His angels prepared for some critical action: salvation or punishment depending on what nuclear energy represents or suggests in terms of modern humanity.

One more thing, Israel is reportedly armed with nuclear weapons, too. In this context, nuclear power is biblical or historically crucial for people who live today at the summit of these 2000 years of development of civilization.

Anyway, we had better check the Apocalypse to find passages related to the 3/11 Disaster of Northeast Japan including an M9.0 earthquake, a 14-meter high tsunami, and a nuclear power plant morass.

Joh 3:31 He that cometh from above is above all: he that is of the earth is earthly, and speaketh of the earth: he that cometh from heaven is above all.

Wednesday, March 30, 2011

"Strive not with a man without cause" - ($30,000 Care for $300 bn Damage)

Tokyo Bay

$30,000 Preventive Care before $300 billion Damage

A preventive measure costing $1 can sometimes prevent occurrence of a tragedy that costs $30 million.

In other word, a probability that a M9.0 earthquake happens and a 14-meter high tsunami is generated within a hazardous range of a nuclear plant is 1/100,000,000 at any time.

But, TEPCO did not spend $1 or $30,000 for reinforcement work to put into readiness its Fukushima No.1 Nuclear Power Plant. Accordingly, $300 billion damage on Japan is at stake, especially around Tokyo.

If a normal cooling-water circulation system is halted due to power outage after a big earthquake, an emergency pump can be used to circulate water through a pressure vessel in a nuclear reactor system. But, to activate the pump, a separate power generator is needed. In the Fukushima Daiichi Plant, those emergency power generators were installed outside the containment building and the turbine building, just on the ground facing the sea 4 to 5 meters below. And, they were not housed in concrete structure.

Then, a M9.0 earthquake and a 14-meter high tsunami attacked the Fukushima No.1 Plant on March 11, 2011, destroying the emergency power generators without protective walls and ceilings. The housing work is estimated to cost just $30,000 or so.

SECTION I: 55 Operating Nuclear Reactors in Japan

Each year since 1966, more than one nuclear reactor was built and put into operation in Japan.

Among them, a score of nuclear reactors were attacked by an M9.0 earthquake and more than 10-meter high tsunami on March 11, 2011.

And, only four reactor units in the Fukushima Daiichi (No.1) Nuclear Power Plant were damaged.

Fukushima I – 1 - 460 MW General Electric...hydrogen explosion
Fukushima I – 2 - 784 MW General Electric...vessel damaged?
Fukushima I – 3 - 784 MW Toshiba...hydrogen explosion
Fukushima I – 4 - 784 MW Hitachi...spent fuel pool damaged?

Fukushima I – 5 - 784 MW Toshiba
Fukushima I – 6 - 1,100 MW General Electric

Fukushima II – 1 - 1,100 MW Toshiba
Fukushima II – 2 - 1,100 MW Hitachi
Fukushima II – 3 - 1,100 MW Toshiba
Fukushima II – 4 - 1,100 MW Hitachi

Onagawa - 1 - 524 MW General Electric?
Onagawa - 2 - 825 MW General Electric?
Onagawa - 3 - 825 MW General Electric?

Tokai-1 166 MW Magnox
Tokai-2 1100 MW General Electric?

So, among 15 nuclear reactors, only four in Fukushima No.1 Plant failed on March 11, 2011.

But why?

It is because their emergency power generators for pumps to cool water inside the reactor were not protected sufficiently from tsunami waves unlike others.

If those emergency power generators in Fukushima No.1 Plant had been surrounded by 3-meter high walls and ceilings, there would not have been the Fukushima Daiichi radiation problem now. Simple construction work costing $30,000 could have saved the nuclear reactors from this tragedy.

SECTION II: Fukushima Daini on March 11

There is a report on the state of the Fukushima No.2 (Daini) Nuclear Power Plant on March 11, 2011.
All Fukushima Daini units in cold shutdown
15 March 2011

All four units at the Fukushima Daini nuclear power plant have now achieved cold shutdown - where coolant water is at less than 100ºC - with full operation of cooling systems, Tepco reported. All the reactors shut down automatically during last week's earthquake and have remained safe. While unit 3's shutdown went as expected, damage to the emergency core cooling systems of units 1, 2 and 4 led to the announcement of emergency status. These three reactors were prepared for potential pressure release, but this was never required. Unit 1 announced cold shutdown at 1.24 am on 14 March and unit 2 followed at 3.52 am. Tepco has now announced that unit 4 achieved cold shutdown at 7.15 pm on 15 March. Water levels are now stable in all four reactors and offsite power is available, the company said.

As the emergency power generators in Fukushima No.2 Plant are surrounded by 3-meter high walls and ceilings, there are no Fukushima Daini radiation problem now.

SECTION III: If Chernobyl is at Fukushima

If a map of Ukraine is overlapped on a map of Japan to compare the affected areas in both the cases of Fukushima and Chernobyl, the difference in the scale can be understood. Specially, if the non-inhabitable area set around Chernobyl was applied around Fukushima, Tokyo must be evacuated.

(Click to enlarge.)

*** *** *** ***

Club Atletico Osasuna, a Spanish football club, sent a message of support for Japan.

The U.S. is especially extending its friendship to Japan in these days:
"The American Red Cross today announced that the public has generously donated $120.5 million to help the people of Japan following the March 11 earthquake and tsunami."

The Japanese Red Cross Society has received total $500 million of donation from all over the world.

Japan donated $539 million to victims of the 2004 Sumatra earthquake and Indian Ocean tsunami.

Money cannot solve the underlying problem of this era which has been manifested in Japan through the 3/11 Disaster. It is related to civilization mankind has built to date. A nuclear power generator is the very symbol of this civilization. An earthquake and a tsunami could happen as long as continental plates move in a larger scale of space and time. But, what they expose through their violent power is damage on humanity having been always done by material civilization. No matter how sophisticated Japan and the Japanese are, they cannot be exempted from this problem. A great sin must be felt at least in the nuclear threat. A sin that we think of money more than the God, since a nuclear power plant is apparently for money but not for praising the God. The Japanese economy should be corrected in this context as the first among major countries.

Money is for a man, but a man is not for money.

Pro 3:29 Devise not evil against thy neighbour, seeing he dwelleth securely by thee.

Pro 3:30 Strive not with a man without cause, if he have done thee no harm.

Pro 3:31 Envy thou not the oppressor, and choose none of his ways.

Tuesday, March 29, 2011

"but is in danger of eternal damnation" - (Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Plant)

Tokyo Bay
Tokyo(Click to enlarge.)

Fukushima Daiichi (No.1) Nuclear Power Plant

The Magnitude 9.0 earthquake happened in the seabed of the North Pacific Ocean 150 kilometers off northeast Honshu Island, Japan, or 400 kilometers northeast of Tokyo on March 11, 2011.

Then 10 to 14 meter-high tsunami rushed to coastal areas stretching 600 kilometers from north to south or Aomori Prefecture to Chiba Prefecture, immediately north of Tokyo, over two to three hours after the earthquake.

It took almost 40,000 lives living on north Honsyu Island or the north of Tokyo.

It further destroyed four reactor units of Fukushima Daiichi (No.1) Nuclear Power Plant in Fukushima Prefecture, which situated 250 km northeast of Tokyo.

Yet, 18 days after the incident, the grave situation of the four reactor units is not yet to be improved or fixed.

However, life is going on in and around Tokyo as usual.

PART 29-4:

The Fukushima Daiichi (No.1) Nuclear Power Plant was started to be constructed in 1967 and completed in 1971, based on technology provided by U.S. GE.

Fukushima in 1967: (Click to enlarge.)

Fukushima in 1969: (Click to enlarge.)

Fukushima in 1971:

Fukushima in 1976: (Click to enlarge.)

Fukushima in March 2011: (Click to enlarge.)

PART 29-3:

If the worst thing happens one after another, it is time to change a way of living completely in any war-torn nation or around a nuclear power plant.

Plutonium Detected in Soil Around Fukushima Daiichi
Mar 28, 2011, 11:00 by David Hope

Plutonium, a highly toxic, heavy, radioactive metallic element, has been detected in soil at several locations at the earthquake-crippled Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant in Japan, the plant's operators said Monday.

Tokyo Electric Power Company said the plutonium detected in five locations is believed to have been discharged from nuclear fuel at the plant, which was severely damaged by the March 11th 9-magnitude earthquake in northeastern Japan.

Levels of radiation exceeding 1,000 millisieverts per hour have also were been detected in water in a trench outside the No. 2 reactor's building, officials said Monday. The contaminated water, detected Sunday, is suspected to have come from the reactor's core, where fuel rods partially melted...

In South Korea, the Nuclear Safety Information Center said a small amount of radioactive xenon, believed to have come from the Fukushima plant, was detected by a monitoring station, Kyodo reported.

PART 29-2:

Once in a decade or two or three, automakers will surely have to face a crisis like everybody in the world.
Tuesday, March 29, 2011
Tohoku disaster may bring automakers to their knees

The Associated Press

Because parts and supplies are shipped by sea, the real drop-off has yet to be felt by factories in the U.S., Europe and Asia. That will come by the middle of April.

Much of Japan's auto industry — the second-largest supplier of cars in the world — remains idle. Few plants were seriously damaged by the quake, but with supplies of water and electricity fleeting, no one can say when factories will crank up. Some auto analysts said it could be as late as this summer.

Goldman Sachs estimates the shutdowns are costing the Japan automakers $200 million a day, which adds up to $2.8 billion for just the past two weeks. Each week of continued shutdowns costs $1.4 billion. By comparison, Toyota made $2.3 billion in all of 2010, and its sudden acceleration recalls cost $2 billion. The cost of damage from Japan's natural disaster could dwarf that recall, which was considered Toyota's biggest crisis ever.

PART 29-1:

The unit of the numbers in the figure is micro-sievert per hour. But, a chest x-ray uses 0.2 milli-sievert radiation.

A chest X-ray is measured at about 0.2 mSv, and a brain scan at about 50 mSv, both thought to be negligible...

But, a man is exposed to a chest x-ray only a second or less.

As a man in Tokyo receives 0.1 microsievert per hour, if he stays in the environment for 0.2 x 10^-3 divided by 0.1 x 10^-6, he receives an amount of radiation equal to one chest x-ray check. It is 2000 hours or 83 days.

So, if the present radioactive condition continues for 83 days in Tokyo and you stay in Tokyo for these 83 days, you receive the same amount of radiation as one chest x-ray.

*** *** *** ***

There are 47 prefectures in Japan including Tokyo Prefecture that has 13 million population.

The 3/11 Disaster hit hard the Pacific Coast areas mainly of three prefectures: Iwate, Miyagi, and Fukushima.

The number of those who lost lives or houses and assets seem to be 400,000.

Yet, Japan has the 125 million population, excluding 1.7 million foreigners in Japan, as of 2010.

Yet, the Fukushima No.1 Nuclear Power Plant provided power for the Tokyo area. Accordingly scheduled outage has been applied to the Tokyo area, excluding the main districts of Tokyo. In this context, psychological pressure on people living around Tokyo is not small, since the Plant is situated at 250 kilometers or 150 miles northeast of Tokyo.

It will take further a few weeks to fix the Fukushima Daiichi (No.1) problem.

Mar 3:29 But he that shall blaspheme against the Holy Ghost hath never forgiveness, but is in danger of eternal damnation.

Monday, March 28, 2011

"I said, I am not the Christ" - (Nuclear Reporting)

Tokyo Bay

Nuclear Reporting

In a reactor unit of the Fukushima No.1 Nuclear Power Plant, nuclear fuel in the pressure vessel was exposed out of water filled in the vessel due to the big earthquake/tsunami and lost electricity.

Then fuel got heated and started to partially melt. Radioactive material got into the water and then leaked from piping connecting the pressure vessel with a turbine system in a different building. So, the water including radioactive material dropped on the floor of the turbine building. The problem is that the amount of leaked water radioactively contaminated was tons and could be tens of tons or probably hundreds of tons eventually.

In one million kilo-watt nuclear power generator, it is said 400 tons of water is used for taking heat from fuel, turning a turbine, and cooling fuel again.

In other word, 100 tons of contaminated water could leak from the piping between the pressure reactor and the turbine building.

Now, it is suspected that tons of such water leaked onto the turbine building floor and further to a trench running down into the ground from the turbine building to its outside and peripheral 50 to 60 meters from the shore facing the North Pacific Ocean.

The trench is said to be big enough for a man to walk through, since it was installed for laying pipes and cables connecting each reactor unit while one unit building has a width of almost 100 meters.

PART 28-6:

Yomiuri Daily Online reports that "many types of radioactive substances" have also been detected in seawater near the plant, including iodine-131, barium-140, lanthanum-140 and tellurium-132.

According to Yomiuri, based on the type of radioactive substances found in the seawater, the culprit is most likely to be damaged pipes connected to nuclear reactors that are discharging into the sea.

This would indicate the plant is leaking radiation from at least two sources: pipes and its core. Kyodo reports that radiation exceeding 1000 millisieverts per hour was detected in water in a trench outside the no. 2 reactor's turbine building yesterday afternoon.

As for possible leaks of plutonium from the mixed-oxide fuel reactor at no. 2, NHK reports that TEPCO say it is checking soil samples from around the plant for plutonium and will announce the results in a few days.

PART 28-5:

Tokyo Electric Power Company:
Press Release (Mar 28,2011)
Plant Status of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (as of 12:00 AM Mar 28th)

[No update from the last release issued at 8:30 pm, March 27th]

All 6 units of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station have been shut down.

Unit 1 (Shut down)
- Explosive sound and white smoke were confirmed after the big quake occurred at 3:36 pm Mar 12th. It was assumed to be hydrogen explosion.
- At approximately 2:30 am on March 23rd, seawater was started to be injected to the nuclear reactor through the feed water system.
- At approximately 10:50 am on March 24th, white fog-like steam arising from the roof part of the reactor building was observed.
- At approximately 11:30 am on March 24th, lights in the main control room was restored.
- We had been injecting sea water into the reactor, but from 3:37 pm on March 25th, we started injecting fresh water into it.

Unit 2 (Shut down)
- At approximately 6:00 am on March 15th, an abnormal noise began emanating from nearby Pressure Suppression Chamber and the pressure within this chamber decreased.
- At 6:20 pm on March 21st, white smoke was confirmed arising from the top of the reactor building. As of 7:11 am on March 22nd, smoke decreased to the level to nearly non-existent.
- We have been injecting sea water into the reactor, but from 10:10 am on March 26th, we started injecting fresh water (with boric acid) into it.
- At approximately 4:46 pm on March 26nd, the light in the main control room was turned on.
- Previously, we have been injecting fresh water in to the reactor utilizing fire pump, however, we have switched over to utilizing temporary electrical pump from 6:31 pm on March 27th.

Unit 3 (Shut down)
- Explosive sound and white smoke were confirmed at 11:01am March 4th. It was assumed to be hydrogen explosion.
- At 8:30am on March 16th, fog like steam was confirmed arising from the reactor building.
- At approximately 6:15 am on March 17th the pressure of the Suppression Chamber has temporarily increased. We were preparing to implement measures to reduce the pressure of the reactor containment vessel (partial discharge of air containing radioactive material to outside) in order to fully secure safety. However, at present, it is not a situation to immediately implement measures and discharge air containing radioactive material to outside. We will continue to monitor the status of the pressure of the reactor containment vessel.
- At approximately 4:00 pm, March 21st, light gray smoke was confirmed arising from the floor roof of the Unit 3 building. On March 22nd, the color of smoke changed to somewhat white and it is slowly dissipating.
- At approximately 10:45 pm on March 22nd, the light in the main control room was turned on.
- At around 4:20 pm on March 23rd, our staff confirmed light black smoke belching from the Unit 3 building. At approximately 11:30 pm on March 23rd and 4:50 am on March 24th, our employee found no signs of smoke.
- We had been injecting sea water into the reactor pressure vessel, but from 6:02 pm on March 25th, we started injecting fresh water into it.

Today's work for cooling the spent fuel pools
- We are considering further spraying subject to the conditions of spent fuel pools.

- 2 workers of cooperative firm were injured at the occurrence of the earthquake, and were transported to the hospital on March 11th.
- On March 24th, it was confirmed that 3 workers from cooperative companies who were in charge of cable laying work in the 1st floor and the underground floor of turbine building were exposed to the radiation dose of more than 170 mSv. 2 of them were confirmed that their skins on legs were contaminated. Although they were decontaminated, since there was a possibility of beta ray burn injury, they were transferred to Fukushima Medical University Hospital. The third worker was also transferred to Fukushima Medical University Hospital on March 25th. After that, the 3 workers were transferred to National Institute of Radiological Sciences in Chiba Prefecture.

Regarding this event, TEPCO has reported to the related government ministries and agencies on measures to be taken to assure appropriate radiation dose control and radiation exposure related operations.Before today's restoration work, we will make notification to the concerned parties and continue to take all possible measures to future management.

PART 28-4:
China News:
Radiation from Japan n-plant detected in China
China News.Net
Sunday 27th March, 2011 (IANS)

Low levels of radiation from the quake-hit Fukushima nuclear plant in Japan has been detected in northeast China, authorities said.

The National Nuclear Emergency Coordination Committee confirmed Saturday that an 'infinitesimal' amount of radioactive iodine-131 was detected in the atmosphere in Heilongjiang province, according to China Daily.

The radiation was detected in monitoring stations in Dongning, Hulin, Raohe and Wusu townships, said Xu Lijuan, a senior radiation monitoring official.

However, the amount was only one-hundred-thousandth the normal level, and hence no protective measures were needed.

PART 28-3:

28 March 2011 Last updated at 06:55 GMT
Japan nuclear plant data error was 'unacceptable'

The Japanese government has attacked the operator of a crippled nuclear plant for "unacceptable" mistakes.

The Tokyo Electric Power Company (Tepco) had said radiation levels were 10m times higher than normal before correcting the figure to 100,000 times...

Japan's nuclear watchdog said the level of radiation in water near reactor 2 was confirmed at 1,000 millisieverts an hour.

"It is an extremely high figure," said spokesman Hidehiko Nishiyama.

The radiation levels are so high, that emergency workers near the contaminated water would have received four times their maximum annual dose of radiation in just one hour.

PART 28-2:

Officials: Spike at Japan Nuke Plant an Error

On Sunday night, though, plant operators said that while the water was contaminated with radiation, the extremely high reading was a mistake. "The number is not credible," said Tokyo Electric Power Co. spokesman Takashi Kurita. "We are very sorry"...

Officials say they still don't know where the radioactive water is coming from, though government spokesman Yukio Edano has said some is "almost certainly" seeping from a cracked reactor core in one of the units...

Just outside the coastal Fukushima nuclear plant, radioactivity in seawater tested about 1,250 times higher than normal last week — but that number had climbed to 1,850 times normal by the weekend. Hidehiko Nishiyama, a nuclear safety official, said the increase was a concern, but also said the area is not a source of seafood and that the contamination posed no immediate threat to human health.,8599,2061653,00.html

PART 28-1:

Food Contamination May Climb as Japan Fights Radiation Crisis
By Jae Hur - Mar 28, 2011 12:50 PM GMT+0900

Radioactive contamination in food is likely to increase as Japan enters a third straight week of battling the biggest nuclear-energy crisis since Chernobyl...

Among products found to be contaminated, red-leaf lettuce in Ibaraki prefecture had 2,300 Becquerels per kilogram of iodine-131, exceeding the ministry’s limit of 2,000 Becquerels. Parsley in Chiba on March 22 had a reading as high as 3,100 Becquerels and spinach as high as 3,500 Becquerels on March 24, according to data on the health ministry’s website.

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Joh 3:27 John answered and said, A man can receive nothing, except it be given him from heaven.

Joh 3:28 Ye yourselves bear me witness, that I said, I am not the Christ, but that I am sent before him.

Sunday, March 27, 2011

From 9/11 2001 To 3/11 2011

Tokyo Bay

From 9/11 2001 To 3/11 2011

The European-led civilization is now questioned in Japan and the Islamic nations.

In Japan, people have come to realize that modern science, technology, and business are all useless to prevent the great disaster from occurring at the most unlikely time.

In the Islamic nations, dictators and dictatorship having been bolstered by Western powers face collapse.

In the U.S., Hispanics population is growing at the highest pace among various ethnic groups.

At the start of 2010's, the world has come to start a great change of the old paradigm which has been built around the European technology, politics, and traditions.

If Europeans shout CO2 reduction for prevention of global warming, it will not work, since they do not sincerely try to abolish their way of material life: living based on modern technology, vastly imported energy, and globally deployed economy. Europeans want to keep a high standard of living while trying to avoid global warming. It is impossible. A high level of European living standard can be sustained by a huge energy use, aggressive applications of technology, and insatiable pursue of wealth through global business. It is not CO2 but desires of Europeans to keep a high living standard that is making the earth heated. (A nuclear power plant accident in Japan, triggered by the great tsunami on March 11, is therefore significant in this context related to CO2 reduction technology.)

Japan is the nation that has absorbed, applied, and advanced European science and technology the most in the world outside Europe and North America.

The Islamic nations have been offering oil and gas to Europe, North America, and Japan for so long. But, to be stable energy sources, they have to be controlled by European and American Christians politically. To control one dictator is easier than control tens of millions of people in a nation. So, Western powers accept dictatorship in the Middle East and North Africa.

The U.S. has been under the spirit of anti-Vatican Christians whose ancestors left Europe for various reasons, including religion and politics. But the era of dominance by Anglo-Saxon or North European Americans come to be ending. The President is always an African American. Hispanics are increasing in a number. Chinese will be also moving to America. The U.S. will inevitably lose its traditional roots. Accordingly, a paradigm in pursuing technological and political success might change. They will not pursue material American Dream like pure descendants of North Europeans as before any more.

The 2000's virtually started with the 9/11, 2001, Terror on the East Coast of America.

The 2010's seems to have virtually started with the 3/11, 2011 Tsunami on the Northeast Coast of Japan.

Indeed, it is 10 and a half years, since September 11, 2001.

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On January 17, 1991, the U.S. started all-out air-raid attacks in the Persian Gulf, bombing Iraqi troops.

It opened a new era of 1990's when the Soviet Union collapsed, Japan and the U.S. competed fiercely on technology and money, and China was getting ready for rapid economic growth.

(To be continued...)

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Former Defense Minister of Japan Ms. Yuriko Koike met with Mr. Gaddafi in November 2009.

Just for curiosity, though in case.