Sunday, December 30, 2018

"love the Lord thy God with all thy heart" - Differences between Christianity, Judaism, and Islam

Mt. Fuji from around Tokyo 

Differences between Christianity, Judaism, and Islam

The core of Christianity is to believe or accept that Christ Jesus is God.  However, the key to believing or accepting  Christ Jesus as God is to believe and accept that the god of Christ Jesus, Moses, and Abraham is the only and one god in the universe.

The core of Judaism is to believe or accept that the only and one god in the universe chose and loved Judaists and the Jewish tribe.  The core of Islam is to believe or accept that only and one god in the universe who is also the god of Judaism and Christianity chose Muhammad and gave His words to Muhammad.

In summary,  the key to understanding Christianity, Judaism, and Islam is to believe and accept that there is only and one god in the universe and admit it.

By analogy, God is sun light (white light) that is split into colored light of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam through a prism.  First, there is sun light, and then red, blue, and green lights are generated, each of which can represent one of the three major religions (in no particular order).

So, ultimately Christians should declare that they are believers of God more than Christians; Judaists should also declare that they are believer of God more than Judaists; and Muslims should also declare that they are believers of God more than Muslims.   

Compared with the significance that there is only and one god in the world and universe and men admit it, the differences between Christianity, Judaism, and Islam must be very minor.

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Mar 12:30 And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength: this is the first commandment.

Saturday, December 29, 2018

"An angel spake to him" - None Can Prove Authenticity of Judaism and Christianity, Though

Around Tokyo

None Can Prove Authenticity of Judaism and Christianity, Though

Who can understand Christ Jesus by only reading the Bible?

Christianity does not consist of the Bible alone, since it is not written in the way of making people convinced of the claim that Christ Jesus is God.  Christianity consists of church's ideology that Christ Jesus is God.

However, everybody would think that the big and time-honored churches and their organization cannot be based on false facts or extravagant fictions.  More than that, certain missionaries from Christian churches have been so devout, accepting and helping poor and unlucky people to the extent that none can do without belief in God.  As the source of such Christian activities, Christ Jesus could be respected and revered as somebody sent by God.  People must have watched and observed carefully what Christians belonging to churches would do to them, if they have not carefully or academically studied ideologies and creeds of Christianity.

To put simply, the secret of Christianity is not in the Bible but rather in the Church.

Then where is the secret of Judaism?  Is it in the Hebrew Bible?  No matter how mysterious the secret of Judaism is, it seems very rare that Jewish people abandon Judaism and convert to Christianity or Islam.  They all seem to be content to live as Judaists.  And nobody, including Christians and Muslims, minds authenticity of Judaism, since Christianity and Islam attribute their authenticity to Judaism.  But how can they deny the negation of authenticity of Judaism?  How can they respond to the claim that everything written in the Old Testament is false?

In other words, Judaism is supported not only by Jewish people but also Christians and Muslims.

However as Christianity is supported by 2.2 billion people and Islam by 1.6 billion people.  These Abrahamic religions have survived for 2000 years and 1400 years, respectively.  Such many men cannot believe false religions for such long periods according to commonsense.

Men believe in God while they cannot understand God except in their own way.  To understand God is not the major purpose for having faith in God.  And believers come to understand God more as they strengthen their faith more.  Such understanding, however, is not expressed or explained partly because it is very personal.   Therefor the mysteries remain: What Christ Jesus was, and whether Judaism is authentic or God of Judaists is real God.     

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Joh 12:29 The people therefore, that stood by, and heard it, said that it thundered: others said, An angel spake to him.

Thursday, December 27, 2018

"Now is my soul troubled" - True Black Matter: Space First, and Secondary Material

Around Tokyo

True Black Matter: Space First, and Secondary Material

According to Einstein' s theory, the space can be  warped, deformed, and distorted due to existence of mass or materials and substances.

In the solar system, the space around the Sun is warped, contracted, or compressed to the Sun.  So, the light traverses this slant of the space around the Sun.  This phenomenon was scientifically observed in the early 20th century to prove Einstein's theory.

However, it is not only light that moves along the deformed space around the Sun but also planets such as Venus, the Earth, Mars, etc.  Or, it should be stated in this way: the huge mass of the Sun warps the space around the Sun, and then the Earth and other planets move along the slant of the space around the Sun.

And the solar system belongs to a galaxy called the Milky Way.  Many, or specifically about 300 billion, solar systems are included in the Milky Way, and they are circling around the central point of the Milky Way like planets going around the Sun.  Our solar systems is thought to rotate around the central point of the Milky Way in the period of 250 million years while the Earth rotates around the Sun taking one year.  It is thought that there is a big Black Hole or many Black Holes at the center of the Milky Way, however they are not yet fully observed.  But the main issue is that the central part of the Milky Way has not enough mass to have that amount of solar systems circling around it while the Sun has enough mass to have the Earth and other planes going around it. 

Accordingly scientists think that actually there must be enough mass or substances with enough mass around the central area of the Milky Way but they are not invisible.    Those invisible substances must have enough mass to allow the Milky Way to keep its structure: many solar systems circling around the center of the Milky Way.  But as these substance are not yet observed, they are called Black Matter.  Black Holes might be Black Matter, but scientifically these Black Holes in the central area of the Milky Way do not have enough effect of mass.  So, the source of Black Matter is still a mystery.  But its existence is scientifically confirmed as the Milky Way cannot take the present structure without Black Matter with a myriad of solar systems circling around its center.

But the key to this question is the warp of the space.  Such many solar systems go around the center of the Milky Way along the slant of the space like the Earth circles around the Sun.   And scientists think only that the space is warped only by existence of mass or stars.  So, they are searching for the source of mass that realizes this structure of the Milky Way.  However, is mass the only reason for the space to get warped?   For some other reasons, can't the space be warped?  If so, the efforts to try to find new material as the source of the origin of mass that causes the space around the center of the Milky Way to get warped are useless.

At the early stage of the development of the universe, hydrogen atoms were created as the first type of atoms.  As the universe itself was small in the size, this universe was full of hydrogen atoms.  However, hydrogen atoms were not spread evenly in the space.  At some locations, they are dense, and at other locations, they are thin and spare.  And as the universe is expanded through the Big Bang, the dense parts were separated from one another, forming stars and galaxies.  Today the average distance between two galaxies is millions of light-years. The distance between our Milky Way and the nearest Andromeda Galaxy is about 2.5 million light-years.  The point at issue is that Black Matter must have existed at the early stage of the universe and it contributed to the formation of galaxies. 

Put simply, the space at the center of each galaxy must have been warped or ragged or more specifically concave so that hydrogen atoms easily gather and get concentrated to form original galaxies.  In other words, the space of the universe was from the beginning ragged so that hydrogen atoms gathered to concave parts to form galaxies.   There is no Dark Matter but originally warped space.

This theory suggests that in the extremely small size of the universe at the earliest stage of the development of the universe even before the Big Bang,  it is not perfectly round, smooth, or uniform.  This ragged surface of the original 3 dimensional space (from 10 to the minus 34 th power cm to 1 cm) was expanded to the size of many light-years through the Inflation and Big Bang.  And concaves of the surface of the space were also expanded with hydrogen atoms in it, resulting in galaxies each of which is rotating around its center.

So, there is no Dark Matter but originally warped space.  It is the nature of space and time of this universe.  Error and uncertainty exist in anything in this universe.  And one of such features is this ragged or concave surface of the universe, although three-dimensional.  Without mass, parts of the space of the universe can be warped and deformed. 

Or in other words, space first, and secondary material.

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Joh 12:27 Now is my soul troubled; and what shall I say? Father, save me from this hour: but for this cause came I unto this hour.

Monday, December 24, 2018

"it bringeth forth much fruit" - Need for God or the Concept of God

Tokyo, about 45 km far

Need for God or the Concept of God

There is a theory that people came to need God or the concept of God as someone or some entity that could foresee the future.

People encountered vary many and various tragedies in their lives.  They thought that if they had been able to see future, they could have avoided any tragedy.  From farmers and hunters to kings of ancient nations, all people wished for such ability to foresee future.  And even if they could not have such ability, they wished they could be helped by someone or some entity that has such ability.  So, they discovered, invented, or dreamed of God or the concept of God.

In this context, God was created by men, but God did not create men.

As time went by or specifically in these 2000 years, the mankind has developed its civilization, science, and technologies and found various rules in various phenomena and incidents.  Now men's ability has greatly expanded and their lives have been improved along with ability to predict future of various phenomena and incidents.  People do not any more live in the world of phantoms, angels, devils, and other superstitions.  Almost no people believe, for example, miracles depicted in the Bible.  But major religions in this world do not go extinct.

Even people like to observe Christmas.  Apart from the fields of science and technologies and social systems, people still cannot avoid major and minor troubles in their lives.  They can still meet natural disasters, fall in unexpected illness, lose their assets, get involved in human conflicts, become victimized by criminals, etc.  So, people understand value in observing Christmas.  It also means that people know that science, technologies, and advanced social systems cannot still solve every human problem.     

In other words, as long as there is uncertainty in one's life, one needs religion to conquer fear of possible tragedies.

However, the Gospels read that Christ Jesus said that when one rich man accumulated enough assets and said to himself that he could now spend the rest of his life, enjoying his riches, eating and drinking, God said to him that he was so foolish as his life would end that night.   

Ultimately, until men develop science and technology enough to conquer death, religion will be required.  Until then, people will continue to observe Christianity with respect for God or the concept of God.

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Joh 12:24 Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except a corn of wheat fall into the ground and die, it abideth alone: but if it die, it bringeth forth much fruit.

Sunday, December 23, 2018

"again Andrew and Philip tell Jesus" - When God Solves the Jewish/Christian Problem

Mt. Fuji from around Tokyo

When God Solves the Jewish/Christian Problem

It has been almost 2000 years since Christ Jesus appeared among Jewish people.

Christ Jesus must have wished He would have been accepted by all the Jewish people.  As later Christian leaders claimed that Christ Jesus must have wanted that his teaching would be accepted by all the people in the world, He must have really wished that His teaching would have been all the more accepted by all the Jewish people.  And it is widely believed that He was the Son of God or more.  So, His wish must be a wish of God.

But, while 2000 years have passed,  Judaists do not show any significant movement to accept His teaching.  And it is inferred that the main reason is that Christians have claimed that Christ Jesus is God, which cannot be admitted according to Judaism.

God has not destroyed all the Jewish people for the reason that they have not accepted the teaching of Christ Jesus.  But God also has not destroyed Christianity where God is identified with Christ Jesus or someone who is infinite is identified with another who is finite. 

So, although it is no wonder if God has destroyed both the Jewish people and the Christianity, they have been allowed to survive for 2000 years.

However, this fundamental question must be solved sooner or later as 2000 years have passed.  And, Islam might be counted in this judgment.

If God is Christ Jesus, it is big insult to God not to recognize Christ Jesus as God.  But, if God is not Christ Jesus, it is a big blasphemy to regard Christ Jesus as God.  So, there are two possibilities that God is simply waiting for the best time to put an end to this question or that God has already abandoned all these foolish Jewish people, Christian churches, and Muslims.  All we have to do is to wish God just waited for the best time.     

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Joh 12:20 And there were certain Greeks among them that came up to worship at the feast:
Joh 12:21 The same came therefore to Philip, which was of Bethsaida of Galilee, and desired him, saying, Sir, we would see Jesus.
Joh 12:22 Philip cometh and telleth Andrew: and again Andrew and Philip tell Jesus.
Joh 12:23 And Jesus answered them, saying, The hour is come, that the Son of man should be glorified.

Friday, December 21, 2018

"is not rich toward God" - When God Abandons the Mankind

Tokyo Station

When God Abandons the Mankind

Since the beginning of the 21st century, we have observed warfare and continued turmoil in Iraq, the birth place of the Mesopotamian Civilization.  Then the ravages of war started to prevail in Afghanistan where Alexander the Great had reached in his campaign to the east.  And, the Arab spring eventually led to the fall of the autocrat in Libya and revolutionary uproar in Egypt, further putting Syria into a tragic civil war; all of the countries were once important areas for the Roman Empire.  So, since the beginning of the 21st century, part of the history was repeated up to the era of Christ Jesus.  This must be a great warning to the mankind. 

In addition, China is strengthening its national power as it was a major empire around A.D. 1.  Russia has shown no inclination for observation of Western democracy, pursuing its hegemony in the world like that they had in the Cold War era.  The UK is withdrawing from the EU to protect its independence.   The US chose as its president a business man associated with entertainment, who shouted for America to pursue national interest more than any other predecessors in a more direct and coarse way than was seen in the White House.  Nations seem to be standing against other nations.  It may be the situation predicted by Christ Jesus in terms of the end of the world.

In the 20th century, the mankind experienced the two world wars.  But the third one might be closer although most of nations are enjoying prosperity supported by hi-tech based commercialism.

And if the mankind could continue to survive and further develop technologies and science, dangerous future can be only estimated more than rosy future.  Even today, people have come to be aware of dangerous use of digital systems, the Internet power, and Artificial Intelligence in addition to the gene engineering technology.  If science and technology continue to develop at the present pace, the future of the mankind might be at real risk.  For example, the mankind might be taken over by robots equipped with advances AI, say, 1000 years later.  In the word of robots, global warming and other natural disasters will not be any problems.  They need not even breathe.

And this trend of the fall of the mankind and the rise of robots with super AI might be started around early 21st century, namely today.

Future robots with super AI might start to conquer the universe.  As there is no physical restriction as living things for them, they might travel distance of many light years to reach other solar systems and planets.   They can be the ruler of the universe.  This might be a simple scientific fiction story, but there is a possibility.

However, there is one specific advantage for the mankind.  It is the power and ability to believe in God who is the creator of the universe.  As long as God supports the mankind, robots will not be able to defeat the mankind in case they come to have such an intention.

But if the mankind loses its faith in God and God abandons the mankind, any scientific fictions can be reality.  It is the time for us to reflect our faith and consider future. 

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Luk 12:20 But God said unto him, Thou fool, this night thy soul shall be required of thee: then whose shall those things be, which thou hast provided?
Luk 12:21 So is he that layeth up treasure for himself, and is not rich toward God.

Thursday, December 20, 2018

"the first took a wife, and dying left no seed" - Jesus Learned Judaism in Qumran

Around Tokyo

Jesus Learned Judaism in Qumran

Christ Jesus often referred to the Old Testament (Hebrew Bible).
But he answered, “It is written, ‘Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that comes from the mouth of God.’” (Matthew 4:4, cf. Luke 4:4)
And he humbled you and let you hunger and fed you with manna, which you did not know, nor did your fathers know, that he might make you know that man does not live by bread alone, but man lives by every word that comes from the mouth of the Lord. (Deuteronomy 8:3)

Jesus said to him, “Again it is written, ‘You shall not put the Lord your God to the test.’” (Matthew 4:7; cf. Luke 4:12)
“You shall not put the Lord your God to the test, as you tested him at Massah.” (Deuteronomy 6:16)

Then Jesus said to him, “Be gone, Satan! For it is written, ‘You shall worship the Lord your God and him only shall you serve.’” (Matthew 4:10, cf. Luke 4:8)
It is the Lord your God you shall fear. Him you shall serve and by his name you shall swear. (Deuteronomy 6:13)

“You have heard that it was said to those of old, ‘You shall not murder; and whoever murders will be liable to judgment.’ ” (Matthew 5:21)
“You shall not murder.” (Exodus 20:13)

“It was also said, ‘Whoever divorces his wife, let him give her a certificate of divorce.’” (Matthew 5:31)
“When a man takes a wife and marries her, if then she finds no favor in his eyes because he has found some indecency in her, and he writes her a certificate of divorce and puts it in her hand and sends her out of his house . . . (Deuteronomy 24:1)

“Again you have heard that it was said to those of old, ‘You shall not swear falsely, but shall perform to the Lord what you have sworn.’” (Matthew 5:33)
If a man vows a vow to the Lord, or swears an oath to bind himself by a pledge, he shall not break his word. He shall do according to all that proceeds out of his mouth. (Numbers 30:2; cf. Deuteronomy 23:21)

 “You have heard that it was said, ‘An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.’” (Matthew 5:38) 
But if there is harm, then you shall pay life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, burn for burn, wound for wound, stripe for stripe. (Exodus 21:23–25; cf. Leviticus 24:19-20, Deuteronomy 19:21)

He answered them, “And why do you break the commandment of God for the sake of your tradition? For God commanded, ‘Honor your father and your mother,’ and, ‘Whoever reviles father or mother must surely die.’ But you say, ‘If anyone tells his father or his mother, “What you would have gained from me is given to God,”he need not honor his father.’ So for the sake of your tradition you have made void the word of God.” (Matthew 15:1-6 ); cf. Mark 7:10) 
“Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be long in the land that the Lord your God is giving you.” (Exodus 20:12, cf. Exodus 21:17)

He answered, “Have you not read that he who created them from the beginning made them male and female, and said, ‘Therefore a man shall leave his father and his mother and hold fast to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh’? So they are no longer two but one flesh. What therefore God has joined together, let not man separate.” (Matthew 19:4–6), cf. Mark 10:6-8) 
So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them. (Genesis 1:27)
Therefore a man shall leave his father and his mother and hold fast to his wife, and they shall become one flesh. (Genesis 2:24)
So, it is apparent that Christ Jesus learn Judaism enough to preach Judaism with his own words, freely citing expressions from the Hebrew Bible.  It also means that Christ Jesus read the Judaism holy books.

However, conventionally it is said that Christ Jesus had been living as a poor carpenter in a local village, Nazareth.  But who taught Him the religion in such a local place?  Was there a good or suitable synagogue in Nazareth?  Or did He sometimes travel to Jerusalem to learn Judaism from priests of the Temple?

The only reasonable answer  is that Christ Jesus learnt how to read and write as well as Judaism in Qumran.

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Mar 12:19 Master, Moses wrote unto us, If a man's brother die, and leave his wife behind him, and leave no children, that his brother should take his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother.
Mar 12:20 Now there were seven brethren: and the first took a wife, and dying left no seed.

Monday, December 17, 2018

"spoken by Esaias the prophet" - Survival of Ashkenazi Jewish People

 Mt. Fuji, Japan, 100 Km Far

Survival of Ashkenazi Jewish People

Good or bad, Jewish people are a kind of representative group of the mankind, not because of the huge scale of their size but because of their importance in religion and culture of human beings.

Today, they have virtually their own state called Israel where about 90% of the population are descendants of a group of Jewish people called Ashkenazim who are believed to be formed in Europe.  However, how Ashkenazi Jewish people were established is a kind of mystery.
A model based on the genetic sequencing of 128 Ashkenazi Jews concludes that today’s Ashkenazim descend from the fusion of European and Middle-Eastern Jews during the medieval era, between 600 to 800 years ago.
It can be easily inferred that the era of the Crusades (1000s to 1400s) should have a decisive influence on the Ashkenazi Jewish people.

After the two Jewish-Roman Wars about A.D. 70 and 130, the new diaspora began.  Jewish people were driven out of Jerusalem and Palestine, scattering around the Mediterranean and in the Roam Empire.


In the above figure, the dark spots and areas marked black are Jewish residential areas between 100 and 300 after the Jewish-Roman Wars.  It is interesting to refer to a map showing Roman arterial roads.

So, it can be thought that some Jewish people moved in the Roman Empire along Roman arterial high ways deep into the north of the Alps up to the Rheine.  Probably they traveled with Roman troops, providing services to the troops or joining the troops.  Or they might be treated as slaves by Roman troops.  Anyway, it is likely that Jewish people crossed over the Alps, accompanying Roman troops or being forced to follow them after the Jewish-Roman Wars.  But before 500, the Empire collapsed facing invasion of  Germanic people, called Great Barbarian Invasion between 400 and 600.


Then, what happened to those Jewish people who immigrated into Western Europe accompanying Roman troops?  When the Empire fell, Roman soldiers who were stationed in Western Europe must have decided to stay and become local citizens or villagers rather than going back to Rome.  And the Jewish people working and living around the Roman troops must have followed suit.  Anyway, there were no places for them to return to.  These people became ancestors of Ashkenazi Jewish people.

As time went by, the Kingdom of the Franks rose to accept Christianity:
The Frankish Church grew out of the Church in Gaul in the Merovingian period, which was given a particularly Germanic development in a number of "Frankish synods" throughout the 6th and 7th centuries (  According, those Jewish people must be suppressed by these Church and the Vatican.  They must have moved from the Rhine river region to the Germanic areas.

But, finally, a great tragedy fell on the Jewish people fleeing from Christian Franks to the east of the Rhine.  The Crusade began around 1000.  The main forces of the Crusade started around today's Paris and got across the Germanic areas to the east and then down to the south to Palestine or got down south to the Mediterranean and sailed to Palestine.  And along both the routes, many Jewish people were killed by Crusade soldiers.


As the massacre of the diaspora Jewish people by the crusades was so intense and  through, almost they were extinct.
The math also indicates that today’s sprawling community of Ashkenazi Jews — there are more than 10 million around the world — derived from just 350 people or so. That previously postulated population bottleneck — a drastic reduction in population size — occurred between 25 to 32 generations ago, the scientists say.( 
So, surviving Jewish people spoke Yiddish in which their past movements were reflected.
Yiddish is the historical language of the Ashkenazi Jews. It originated during the 9th century[4] in Central Europe, providing the nascent Ashkenazi community with a High German-based vernacular fused with elements taken from Hebrew and Aramaic as well as from Slavic languages and traces of Romance languages. Yiddish is written with a fully vocalized version of the Hebrew alphabet.
The ancestors of Ashkenazi Jewish people left Palestine after the Jewish-Roman Wars and got mingled in Roman citizens or slaved by Roman troops and moved with Roman troops to Western Europe, while those Jewish people kept Hebrew and Aramaic languages or before they completely forgot those languages; but after the fall of the Empire, they stayed there or Western Europe where Roman troops had been stationed.   But afterwards, they got driven out of the Rhein region by the Frankish Churches to east Germanic region but later suffered massacre by the Crusade.  But only hundreds of Jewish people who ran away into a Slavic region must have been able to survive.  All these past movements are reflected in their language, Yiddish, as the above citation implies.

So, Judaism today owed much to these hundreds Jewish people who could escape attacks from the Christian churches, the Vatican, and the Crusades between 1000 and 1500.  Their sense of enthusiasm for sticking to Judaism realized further survival of Judaism.

However, it is thought that the Old Testament adopted by Christianity into the Christian holy books helped these Jewish people who were almost annihilated.  Whereas those Jewish people lost almost all of their assets and traditions due to severe attacks by the crusades, Christian churches presented Jewish traditions to them through the Old Testament.  Based on the Old Testament, modern Judaism must have been rebuilt, ironically, at least for Ashkenazi Jewish people. 

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Mat 12:17 That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Esaias the prophet, saying,
Mat 12:18 Behold my servant, whom I have chosen; my beloved, in whom my soul is well pleased: I will put my spirit upon him, and he shall shew judgment to the Gentiles.

Thursday, December 13, 2018

"Blessed is the King of Israel " - Christ Jesus as a Member of Judaism

Shinto Shrine around Tokyo

Christ Jesus as a Member of Judaism

Christianity was created as a denomination of Judaism as Christ Jesus was a Jewish man.

But what actually and critically separated Christianity from Judaism as time went by?  Anyway, it was after the Jewish-Roman War when the two movements were decisively separated.  It is also thought that the Gospel according to John was created after the War while the Gospels according to Mark, Matthew, and Luke were before the War.

It is said that Judaism first started to separate Christianity or early Christianity, while some early Christians requested Judaists to include the books that later constituted the New Testament into the holy books of Judaism.  Even before Christians in the Roman Empire established the ideology that Christ Jesus was God and God was in three or the trinity, Judaists were alarmed at too much emphasis on Christ Jesus by early Christians to the degree where Christ Jesus was regarded as a kind of God.  And, some early Christians wanted Judaism to take in their faith in God and the Son of God, namely Christ Jesus. 

Judaists or non-Christian Jewish people did not totally object to the teaching by Christ Jesus, since Christ Jesus had often cited words and sentences of the Old Testament or the holy books of Judaism.  However, some of them thought that Christ Jesus had preached sometimes something that was not in their holy books.

Can Jewish people today deny that Christ Jesus was a Jewish man if Christ Jesus had claimed that He was a Jewish man?  At least, Christ Jesus having lived before the Jewish-Roman War must be admitted as a member of Judaism.

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Joh 12:13 Took branches of palm trees, and went forth to meet him, and cried, Hosanna: Blessed is the King of Israel that cometh in the name of the Lord.

Sunday, December 09, 2018

"he went into their synagogue" - The Fall of the Roman Empire and Christianity.

Around Tokyo

The Fall of the Roman Empire and Christianity

The Roman Empire collapsed rather in a mysterious way, so that there are various theories about its cause of fall.
1. Invasions by Barbarian tribes
2. Economic troubles and overreliance on slave labor
3. The rise of the Eastern Empire
4. Overexpansion and military overspending
5. Government corruption and political instability
6. The arrival of the Huns and the migration of the Barbarian tribes
7. Christianity and the loss of traditional values
8. Weakening of the Roman legions
In addition, climate change and pandemic are pointed to as major causes:
The weather deteriorated in 150–400 AD — the ‘Roman Transitional Period’ — and hit temperature lows in the ‘Late Antique Little Ice Age’, from 450–700 AD, when the Empire fell apart. 
The worst aspects of climate change, Harper maintains, hit the Empire just as it was blighted by its most serious bouts of disease. In 165 AD, the Antonine plague, probably caused by smallpox, struck. In 249 AD, an unknown type of pathogen followed. Then, in 541 AD, the first great pandemic of Yersinia pestis, which causes bubonic plague, arrived and lingered for more than two centuries. 
However, despite the fall of the Empire, Christian churches and the Vatican could survive without interruption.  And, there were no decisive incidents, wars, natural disasters, etc. that were recorded and remembered in later generations and up to day.   No kingdoms, empires, or tribes replaced Romans and occupied Rome, but only the Vatican remained.

If the core structure of the Empire had been sound and intact, the Empire could have overcome invasions by foreign forces, domestic problems, and natural diseases.  And the core structure of the Empire was military.  And the military needed the core ideology that made it superior to other tribes.

Christianity was clearly against the core ideology of the Roman military.  But as Christianity was adopted as the state religion of the Roman Empire, the teaching of Christianity came to replace the core ideology of the Roman military.  Accordingly, the military lost its discipline and control.  Roman soldiers were not defeated, massacred, or died down, but became Christian citizens, discarding weapons.  And, the Vatican survived with many churches in various regions once occupied by the Empire.

The key to the fall of the Roman Empire was Christianity.  And, it is no wonder as it was Roman soldiers that had actually crucified and executed Christ Jesus 400 years before the collapse of the Empire.       

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Mat 12:9 And when he was departed thence, he went into their synagogue:
Mat 12:10 And, behold, there was a man which had his hand withered. And they asked him, saying, Is it lawful to heal on the sabbath days? that they might accuse him.
Mat 12:11 And he said unto them, What man shall there be among you, that shall have one sheep, and if it fall into a pit on the sabbath day, will he not lay hold on it, and lift it out?
Mat 12:12 How much then is a man better than a sheep? 

Friday, December 07, 2018

"the inheritance shall be our's" - Christ Jesus' version of Judaism and Essenes' Judaism


Christ Jesus' version of Judaism and Essenes' Judaism

St. Paul discussed many various teachings in various ways as seen in the Bible, although he never saw living Christ Jesus preaching.

Paul delivered those words as if he had been taught by Christ Jesus Himself in person, although he never met living Christ Jesus.  How could Paul preach so confidently?
There is no longer Jew or Greek, there is no longer slave or free, there is no longer male and female; for all of you are one in Christ Jesus.
Paul the Apostle
God is faithful; he will not let you be tempted beyond what you can bear. But when you are tempted, he will also provide a way out so that you can endure it.
Paul the Apostle
We walk by faith, not by sight.
Paul the Apostle
Let us not become weary in doing good, for at the proper time we will reap a harvest if we do not give up.
Paul the Apostle
If God is for us, who can be against us?
Paul the Apostle
Owe nothing to anyone, except to love one another.
Paul the Apostle
And I want women to be modest in their appearance. They should wear decent and appropriate clothing and not draw attention to themselves by the way they fix their hair or by wearing gold or pearls or expensive clothes. For women who claim to be devoted to God should make themselves attractive by the good things they do.
Paul the Apostle
However, there is an impression that Paul was teaching his own thought about the relationship between God and human beings while his mind and spirit were being elevated and enlightened by Christ Jesus.  And then, how Paul was uplifted by Christ Jesus?  Paul was spoken to only once by the Spirit of Christ Jesus after His death on the cross and subsequent resurrection.  And, the Spirit only told Paul not to persecute Him but never taught any theology to Paul.

It is true that Paul had learnt Judaism before he started to persecute followers of Christ Jesus and later converted to a follower of Christ Jesus.  But teachings Paul had learnt were conventional Judaism but not revolutionary Judaism of Christ Jesus.  And, Paul did not learn teachings of Christ Jesus from any disciples and followers like Peter who had actually seen and heard Christ Jesus preaching, according to the Bible.

But, the Bible says that Paul had spent three years in Arabia or a desert area without making any movement after encountering the Spirit of Christ Jesus.  So, it is natural that Paul went to Qumran to newly learn Christ Jesus' version of Judaism, since His teachings were similar to what was taught among Essenes in Qumran.   

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Mar 12:7 But those husbandmen said among themselves, This is the heir; come, let us kill him, and the inheritance shall be our's.
Mar 12:8 And they took him, and killed him, and cast him out of the vineyard.
Mar 12:9 What shall therefore the lord of the vineyard do? he will come and destroy the husbandmen, and will give the vineyard unto others.

Saturday, December 01, 2018

"A certain man planted a vineyard" - Critical Presumption on Judaism, Christianity, and Islam

Around Tokyo

Critical Presumption on Judaism, Christianity, and Islam

It is sometimes said to be nonsense or meaningless to assume things that never happened in the history and imagine what otherwise should have resulted. 

However, it must not be meaningless to consider hypothetical scenarios in the case of involving God.

So, if Abraham had not followed the words of God and immigrated into Palestine, no Hebrew tribe should have been established.  However, on the contrary, the 4000-year history of the mankind came to be built on this one man's faith in God.

If Moses had not found God in a bush fire and followed His word, Jewish people must have been lost in Egypt.  However, on the contrary, formation and development of Judaism were ensured by this man's faith in God.

And, if Christ Jesus had not started His mission in Israel, Jewish people must have been simply defeated, destroyed and driven to diaspora and and oblivion by the Roman Empire.  There were many tribes and kingdoms defeated, destroyed and driven to diaspora and and oblivion by the Roman Empire.  The Jewish people who lost the core of their religion and tradition, namely Jerusalem, must have been unable to keep their identity and restore their pride.  In the case of the Babylonian captivity, they had Jerusalem where for them to return and re-establish their identity, religious pride, and ethnic survival.  However, the Roman Empire was more powerful than any other ancient empires hostile to the Jewish tribe.  The Empire actually stopped development of the Greek Civilization, although it inherited some ancient-Greek legacy, and terminated continuity of the Egyptian Civilization for ever, although Egypt had been already conquered by Alexander the Great and its partial successor.  The Roman Empire must have completely dispersed Jewish people who lost the core of their religion and tradition.  However, Judaism could survive along with Christianity.

When Christianity was spreading in the Roman Empire, Roman citizens came to realize that Jewish people were special unlike any other tribes, since  Christianity was born among Jewish people and Judaism was important to understand Christianity.  Whether or not early Christians hated Jewish people, Roman citizens observed and treated Jewish people in a special way, and  Jewish people realized that they were special in the Empire where Christianity was getting dominant.   Whether or not early Christians wanted Jewish people to disappear, the religion of Jewish people and their presence must have been admitted by Roman citizens.  In other words, early Christianity in the Roman Empire needed existence of the Jewish people to have Roman citizens understand what Christianity was.  Christianity and Judaism were the head and tail of a coin.

It is true that Christianity is believed to have been established to supersede Judaism; however, on the contrary, it helped Judaism and Jewish people survive through the Roman Empire.

But what if Muhammad had not been troubled over something and come into a cave of Mt. Hira for meditation, probably because his distress could not be solved by Judaism and Christianity at the time, where he heard words of God?

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Mar 12:1 And he began to speak unto them by parables. A certain man planted a vineyard, and set an hedge about it, and digged a place for the winefat, and built a tower, and let it out to husbandmen, and went into a far country.
Mar 12:2 And at the season he sent to the husbandmen a servant, that he might receive from the husbandmen of the fruit of the vineyard.
Mar 12:3 And they caught him, and beat him, and sent him away empty.

Thursday, November 29, 2018

"Take my yoke upon you" - Decades Later They Found God in Jesus


Decades Later They Found God in Jesus

How can you know that God appears before you or God is speaking to you if He should?

But Abraham immediately knew that he was hearing God's voice.  Moses almost immediately found God in a fire of a bush.  And even Muhammad believed that he heard words of Allah.  Indeed great religions were started by those who had ability to see God appearing or speaking.

However, according to the Gospels, disciples or followers of Christ Jesus who were with Him for 24 hours a day in every week for three years did not or could not recognize that they were with God, if Christ Jesus had been God.  And, as a kind of comedy, Christ Jesus  asked them who they thought He was.  Would God ask anybody who is with Him who he or she thinks He is?  When God makes contact with somebody like in the cases of Abraham and Moses, there must be a specific reason and He must make it clear that it is God that is speaking to him or her while God can use any angels for each specific purpose.

Especially Jewish people were more religion-oriented people than any other people, specifically, in the Roman Empire.  So, like Abraham or Moses, they must have been able to realize God if they had encountered God even 2000 years ago, although Abraham had heard God about 4000 years ago and Moses saw God more than about 3300 years ago.

In the case of Paul, he heard voices of Christ Jesus but he did not recognize it as voices of God.  And Paul did not write letters claiming that he heard voices of God in his way to Damascus.  Paul should have honestly told that he must have more concentrated simply on God than on Christ Jesus, in a sense.  If Paul had thought that he was spoken to by God, he must have proclaimed and advertised it more loudly and proudly.  And, in the case, Paul did not have to trouble himself so much in making people understand who and what Christ Jesus was, because Paul had to only say that he had heard such and such things from God like Muhammad.    

This ability to recognize God is the key to understanding the Christian Gospels.  No mater how much you have made efforts in studying and analyzing the Gospels, you cannot find who and what Christ Jesus was and why and how Christianity was established.

Only I can say is that decades after the execution of Christ Jesus, some early Christians found that Christ Jesus had been God, which established the religion called Christianity.  But why did it take decades for them to surely believe that Christ Jesus was God?  This is the true mystery of Christianity.

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Mat 11:29 Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls.
Mat 11:30 For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light.

Tuesday, November 27, 2018

"they come again to Jerusalem" - The Q Document Showing Cynic Christ Jesus


The Q Document Showing Cynic Christ Jesus

What did Christ Jesus really tell?  This is one of big questions in today's study on Christianity.

So they have studied the so-called Q document:
The Lost Gospel develops the hypothesis of the "Q" source for the common material of Luke and Matthew not found in Mark. Mack develops the thesis that this was the earliest writing about Jesus, developed over decades by a community which he describes with unwavering confidence. (
Specifically, it is argued that Christ Jesus was not a holy saint but a kind of teacher of the Cynic-type school.  Scholars of the Q document have fund that Christ Jesus talked about ethics and  justice more than theology.  The underlying document for the Gospels show, they claim, no intention of Christ Jesus to establish a new religion later called Christianity.

However, it was not to scholars and professors of the modern days that Christ Jesus preached.  Christ Jesus preached to poor men, poor farmers, poor citizens, and slaves who lived 2000 years ago in Palestine.  Therefore, Christ Jesus must not have taught any theological theories to those poor people using technical terminologies.   Christ Jesus did not even cite so much sentences, phrases, and words from the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament.   Christ Jesus referred to the Hebrew Bible only when necessary according to circumstances or contexts of His preaching.

And more than that, the reason why people believed in Christ Jesus and found divinity in Christ Jesus 200 years ago was not only His words but His ways and attitudes in delivering teaching.   If you analyzed His words and delved into the Gospels so hard to find linkage to the Q document, it does not reveal atmosphere, passion, power, dignity, or glory Christ Jesus presented while preaching to poor people, which however  became the reason for them to believe that Christ Jesus had come from God.

No matter how much scholars and professors of today who have no religious sense and sensibility and no respect for divinity argue any issues on Christ Jesus, they cannot reach the truth.  Even today, the Pope sometimes deliver mediocre and boring speeches and announcements, but if you believe in the Vatican, these meaningless words of the Pope would become holy and sacred teaching.   But if those scholars and professors analyze those words of the Pope, they cannot find the core of the secret of the Vatican as to why it has survived 2000 years and acquired billion believers.    Likewise, if scholars and professors of today examine the words of Christ Jesus and the Q document, they cannot find the core of the secret of Christ Jesus as to why He acquired so many believers among poor people in Palestine 2000 years ago.

But it is interesting who wrote the Q document.

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Mar 11:27 And they come again to Jerusalem: and as he was walking in the temple, there come to him the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders,
Mar 11:28 And say unto him, By what authority doest thou these things? and who gave thee this authority to do these things?

Saturday, November 24, 2018

"What things soever ye desire" - Beginning without or with God's Words

Tokyo and Moon

Beginning without or with God's Words

This universe was created by God under his wise plan, which should be the first sentence of the New Bible.

But what has been found about the beginning of the universe?  It is now known that the universe started from the state of a infinitesimally small size of about 10^-35 (the minus 35th power of 10) meter at the time of 10^-43 seconds after its generation while the size of one atom is abut 10^-10 m.

All the materials and all the amounts of energy we observe in today's universe were contained in this initial size.  In other words, the university of today is just extension of this infinitesimal size of  the initial energy of the universe.  It is possible since an atom of today consists of a nucleus with the size of about  10^-15 m and electrons, each with the size of about 10^-32 m or less, in a space of  10^-10 m, which means that an atom could be further compressed and a nucleus can be also further compressed to the size of an electron to  10^-32 m.  (The original energy in the original size of 10^-35 m must have exploded for part of it to be contained in a space called an electron of 10^-32 m.) And every material in this university consists of atoms.

Modern physics is a study to clarify what the real state was at the beginning of the university when every material and energy were compressed to the infinitesimally small size of about 10^-35 meter.  However, it also further delves into how the beginning started to find the so-called vacuum energy which is thought to be the source of everything in today's universe.

However, where did space and time come to allow for existence of the so-called vacuum energy?  Even the vacuum energy needs space (of whatever dimensions) and time (at whatever speed).  It is where the direct intervention of God was needed.  In other words, it should be written in the New Bile that God created space and time for the generation of the vacuum energy which turned into materials and energy in this universe where the mankind was born in a planet of one of 300 billion suns in a galaxy among  300 billion galaxies.

So, now it can be understood that space and time are basic key factors to our universe.  So, every mystery of this universe should be solved by focusing on just space and time.  At last, we have come to a position where we can handle dark material and dark energy.  In other words, dark material is one special form of space and time and dark energy is one of special applications of space and time.  They are more fundamental than solved by trying to find special material or energy in this universe at a normal level of appearance and observation of the universe.  They are more closely linked with wisdom, words, and plan of God.

If space is originally distorted, gravity is generated from the beginning before formation of material, hydrogen atoms, and a galaxy, allowing for discovery dark material by the mankind.  If time is generated as long as material and energy exist, it should move to its end driving material and energy to the state where their density becomes zero or they disappear, allowing for discovery of dark energy by the mankind.

In deed, God is all wise and everything began with His plan without or with His words.

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Mar 11:24 Therefore I say unto you, What things soever ye desire, when ye pray, believe that ye receive them, and ye shall have them.

Thursday, November 22, 2018

"when a stronger than he shall come upon him" - Qumran as a Miracle

Around Tokyo

Qumran as a Miracle

Christ Jesus suddenly appeared in a sense nowhere to preach, teach, and guide people with full confidence in terms of Judaism, the Hebrew Bible, and the Jewish history.  Where had He learned them?

John the Baptist, before Christ Jesus, suddenly appeared in a sense nowhere to baptize, teach, and guide people with full confidence in terms of Judaism, the Hebrew Bible, and the Jewish history.  Where had he learned them?

James, a brother of Christ Jesus, suddenly appeared in a sense nowhere to lead and teach people with full confidence in terms of Judaism, the Hebrew Bible, and the Jewish history.  Where had he learned them? 

Paul suddenly appeared in a sense nowhere to preach and teach people with full confidence in terms of Judaism, the Hebrew Bible, and the Jewish history.  Where had he learned them?

The only place, so far possible enough to be a candidate, is Qumran where dead sea scrolls and other religious material were discovered in the 20th century almost 2000 years after the place had been abandoned.

Indeed it looks natural to assume that John the Baptist had left Qumran to baptize people, Christ Jesus left Qumran to preach among people, James visited Qumran after resurrection of Christ Jesus to succeed Him after coming back to Jerusalem, and Paul came to Qumran to learn the origin of the teaching of Christ Jesus and get determined to follow Him.

To give us this notion, God must have allowed the discovery of the dead sea scrolls in Qumran in the 20th century as if it had been a miracle, as stated "Luk 12:2 For there is nothing covered, that shall not be revealed; neither hid, that shall not be known.

The issue is why did God do this miracle?  Because the end is near for Christians?

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Luk 11:22 But when a stronger than he shall come upon him, and overcome him, he taketh from him all his armour wherein he trusted, and divideth his spoils.

Luk 12:3 Therefore whatsoever ye have spoken in darkness shall be heard in the light; and that which ye have spoken in the ear in closets shall be proclaimed upon the housetops.

Saturday, November 17, 2018

"knowing their thoughts" - Was Christ Jesus God?


Was Christ Jesus God?

If early Christians had not declared that Christ Jesus was God, there would have been no split between Christianity and Judaism.

If Christians in the Roman Empire had not reinforced their claim that Christ Jesus was God and had not adopted the Trinity theory, there would have been no need for Islam.

Every problem that has ever happened up to today between Jewish people, Christians and Muslims can be ascribed to those stupid attitudes of Christians till the 7th century when Islam was given to Arabs.

How can you believe a religion that declared their guru was God decades after his death or reinforced the theory that  their guru was God centuries after his death.  But one of such religions is Christianity!

It also means that early Christians believed, revered, and followed Christ Jesus while they did not know who or what Christ Jesus was!  How can you trust and believe a religion established by such early Christians?

It is also stupid that early Christians, Christian leaders in the Roman Empire, and even some emperors of the Roman Empires discussed and argued the status of Christ Jesus to finally decide that Christ Jesus was God and God was three.  It was done centuries after the death of Christ Jesus!  How can you believe sanity of these early Christians.  Therefore God decided to protect Judaism and give Islam to Arabs.

It is time for the Pope, the Vatican, and other Christians leaders to start to sincerely discuss and argue what Christ Jesus was.

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Luk 11:17 But he, knowing their thoughts, said unto them, Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation; and a house divided against a house falleth.
Luk 11:18 If Satan also be divided against himself, how shall his kingdom stand? because ye say that I cast out devils through Beelzebub.

Thursday, November 15, 2018

"when the devil was gone out" - The Gospels & the Acts written in Presence of Hidden Peter

Imperial Palace Plaza, Tokyo

The Gospels & the Acts written in Presence of Hidden Peter

The beginning of each Gospel is as follows:
Mark: Mar 1:1 The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God;

Matthew: Mat 1:1 The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.

Luk 1:1 Forasmuch as many have taken in hand to set forth in order a declaration of those things which are most surely believed among us,
Luk 1:2 Even as they delivered them unto us, which from the beginning were eyewitnesses, and ministers of the word;

Joh 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.

So, it is apparent that Mark is based on the recognition that Christ Jesus was the Son of God; Matthew is intended to emphasize the linkage between Christ Jesus and Judaism; Luke aims at appealing to Romans and other people than Jewish ones; and John declares establishment of the new religion of Christianity apart from Judaism.

And, in reference to the history of early Christianity, it should be thought that Mark was written in Rome according to testimonies by Peter; Matthew was written in the middle of persecution on early Christians in Rome to convince Romans that early Christianity was part of Judaism while Paul was under arrest; Luke was written that early Christianity could be a universal teaching even to Romans even if it was part of Judaism as the Jewish-Roman war was approaching; and John was finally written to declare the independent religion of Christianity now that the Jerusalem Temple fell in the war.   And they must have been written in the sequence of Mark, Matthew, Luke and then John.

However, there is one question: Did Peter really go to Rome?   Even in the Acts, descriptions about Peter cannot be found after the release of Peter from a prison with help from angels (the Acts 12).  But there are some books and reports, written around the 2nd century or so, that testified that Peter died in Rome as with Paul.

The key to solving this questions must be that Peter fled the prison under control of Herod, a king of Jewish people.  So Peter was a person wanted by the Jewish authority.  As Herod belonged to the Roman Empire, Peter must have been wanted by the Roman authority, too.  So, the Gospels and the Acts did not reveal whereabouts of Peter.   The Acts ends by describing Paul as follows:
Acts 28:31 Preaching the kingdom of God, and teaching those things which concern the Lord Jesus Christ, with all confidence, no man forbidding him.

The Acts reads that Paul continued to live in Rome without seeing Peter.  However, it is strongly thought that Paul met Peter in Rome while Peter was wanted by the Roman authority.  So, the author of Luke must have hidden the fact that Peter was in Rome.  It suggests that Mark, Matthew, Luke and the Acts were all written while Paul and Peter were alive or before execution of them.

And from strong linkage among Mark, Matthew, and Luke, it is assumed that they were all written in Rome with presence of Peter still alive.   Therefore they must have been written before or around 64 when Paul and Peter were executed by Nero.

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Luk 11:14 And he was casting out a devil, and it was dumb. And it came to pass, when the devil was gone out, the dumb spake; and the people wondered.
Luk 11:15 But some of them said, He casteth out devils through Beelzebub the chief of the devils.

Tuesday, November 13, 2018

"seeing a fig tree afar off having leaves" - The Jewish-Roman War and the Four Gospels

Around Radioactive Disposal Bag Deposit of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant

The Jewish-Roman War and the Four Gospels

It is said the first Gospel was written by Mark around 66 to 70 AD when the Jewish-Roman war broke out.

However, it is said that Paul and Peter were executed in Rome around 64, which means that Paul and Peter preached Christian Gospels without the Gospel by Mark or any other authors.  So, it is a mystery how they could preach Gospels to non-Jewish people who did not know Judaism and Christ Jesus without the Christian Bible.   For almost 30 years since the execution of Christ Jesus, Paul, Peter, and other leaders of early Christianity were trying to make the teaching of Christ Jesus prevail without the Gospels by Mark, Matthew, Luke and John.

But if Paul, Peter, and other leaders of early Christianity had believed that they belonged to Judaism, it could be understood, since they had already the Judaism Bible.  So, not only Christ Jesus but also Paul and Peter thought they belonged to Judaism but not another religion.  And the first Gospel according to Mark does not declare that God sent Christ Jesus to the world to create a new religion called Christianity.

The Gospel according to Mark stared:
Mar 1:1 The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God;
Mar 1:2 As it is written in the prophets, Behold, I send my messenger before thy face, which shall prepare thy way before thee.
It is apparent that the gospel by Christ Jesus was meant to be extension of prophecies in Judaism.  But when the Jewish-Roman war was going to break out, would Mark write his Gospel to emphasize the tie between the teaching of Christ Jesus and Judaism?

And the Gospels according to Mathew and Luke were based on Mark, while it is said that they were written  between 70 and  90 AD after the Jewish-Roman war.  If so, it is strange that the graveness of effect of the war is not reflected in these Gospels.

However, the Gospel according to John clearly shows the impact of the war and the consequential fall of the Jerusalem Temple:
Joh 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
Joh 1:2 The same was in the beginning with God.
Joh 1:3 All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made.
Joh 1:4 In him was life; and the life was the light of men.
This Gospel was written clearly with intention to establish a new religion apart from Judaism, which should reflect the graveness of effect of the Jewish-Roman war.   Compared with John, Mark, Matthew, and Luke were written within the paradigm of Judaism, although they seem to make some distinction between followers of the teaching of Christ Jesus outside Jerusalem and those in Jerusalem. 

The most important incident in the 1st century for Judaists was the fall of the Jerusalem Temple in the Jewish-Roman war.  It must have had serious effects on early Christians.  And the seriousness is reflected in John but not in Mark, Matthew, and Luke.  Therefore, Mark, Matthew, and Luke must have been written before the Jewish-Roman war.

Another question is whether Mark, Matthew, and Luke were written while Paul or Peter was alive, whereas it is said that the two leading figures of early Christianity outside Jerusalem were executed by Roman Emperor Nero in Rome around 64 AD, four years before the  Jewish-Roman war.

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Mar 11:13 And seeing a fig tree afar off having leaves, he came, if haply he might find any thing thereon: and when he came to it, he found nothing but leaves; for the time of figs was not yet.
Mar 11:14 And Jesus answered and said unto it, No man eat fruit of thee hereafter for ever. And his disciples heard it.

Sunday, November 11, 2018

"he went out unto Bethany with the twelve" - Theory on Pantera as Jesus's Father

Around National Diet Bldg., Tokyo

Theory on Pantera as Jesus's Father

There is a theory that the true father of Christ Jesus was a Roman soldier called  Pantera:
Tiberius Julius Abdes Pantera (c. 22 BC – AD 40) was a Roman soldier whose tombstone was found in Bingerbrück, Germany, in 1859. A historical connection from this soldier to Jesus has long been hypothesized by numerous scholars....Both the ancient Talmud and medieval Jewish writings and sayings reinforced this notion, referring to Jesus as "Yeshu ben Pantera" (Jesus, son of Pantera).
The hypothesis is considered unlikely by mainstream scholars given that there is little other evidence to support the Pantera paternity outside of the Jewish texts
The Gospels of Mathew and Luke both described genealogies of Christ Jesus up to Abraham and Adam, respectively.  However, descriptions about Jesus's father Joseph are mysteriously scare in any Gospels according to Mark, Mathew, Luke and John.  And the theory on Pantera as the true father of Christ Jesus may be said to be as vague as the descriptions on Joseph in the Gospels.
Tabor tells us the following. Eliezer ben Hyrcanus who lived at the end of the first century AD spoke of what he learned from a man who followed Jesus. The man was Jacob of Sikhnin from Sepphoris. Jacob passed on Jesus' teaching in the name of Jesus the son of Panteri. There was a dispute mentioned among rabbis if it was allowed to try and miraculously heal snake bites in the name of Jesus the son of Panter. They don't say why Jesus was called the Son of Panteri. It is clear then that the Jews were not using this designation in a nasty way. Tabor says Panteri is not a play on the Greek word for virgin which is parthenos for the words are too different. Adolf Deissmanns research in 1906 verified that the name was used at the alleged time of Jesus and was favoured by Roman soldiers . . .

In Germany, there is a tombstone of a Roman soldier who went to Germany from Palestine. It goes Tiberius Julius Abdes Pantera of Sidon aged 62 - a soldier of 60 years service of the first cohort of archers lies here. This man died in the middle of the first century AD and could well have been Jesus' father.

Tabor states that Abdes is a given name. It was given in honour. It is a latinized version of ebed an Aramaic word meaning servant of God. Thus Pantera could have been a Jew by religion and race.   (
If you cannot deny 100% the theory on Pantera as the true father of Christ Jesus as you cannot prove anything about Joseph from the Gospels, you should consider what it means if the theory should be true.

In the case, it means that we have the tomb of Jesus's father while we don't have Jesus's. In deed, ”So the last will be first, and the first last."  And further, "For there is nothing hidden that will not be disclosed, and nothing concealed that will not be known or brought out into the open."

And it might be natural that Christ Jesus seemed to expect that His teaching would prevail to the Roman Empire as He so implied to Paul, etc.

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Mar 11:11 And Jesus entered into Jerusalem, and into the temple: and when he had looked round about upon all things, and now the eventide was come, he went out unto Bethany with the twelve.

Saturday, November 10, 2018

"if a man walk in the night, he stumbleth" - Mark, Peter, James and the Young Man


Mark, Peter, James and the Young Man

The Gospel of Mark has some interesting description:
Mar 14:48 And Jesus answered and said unto them, Are ye come out, as against a thief, with swords and with staves to take me?Mar 14:49 I was daily with you in the temple teaching, and ye took me not: but the scriptures must be fulfilled.Mar 14:50 And they all forsook him, and fled.Mar 14:51 And there followed him a certain young man, having a linen cloth cast about his naked body; and the young men laid hold on him:Mar 14:52 And he left the linen cloth, and fled from them naked.Mar 14:53 And they led Jesus away to the high priest: and with him were assembled all the chief priests and the elders and the scribes.
Who was this "certain young man"?
One could answer that Mark recorded it because it happened, which is certainly true, but it doesn’t explain why he chose to include this detail and leave out dozens of others. 
Another possible answer is that the “young man” was John Mark himself, and because it was personal he wished to include it in the Gospel. This is possible, but not very likely since the early Church fathers understood the young man to be either John the Apostle (Ambrose, Chrysostom) or James (Epiphanius). But even if the young man was John Mark, there must be more to the story than John Mark including a personal anecdote. Running off naked must have meant something more to his original audience. (
The Gospel according to Mark contains various criticism against Peter and other disciples who followed Christ Jesus but could not fully understand the word of Christ Jesus.  When this Gospel was written 30 years after the execution of Christ Jesus, early Christians were split roughly into a group around the Temple of Jerusalem, consisting of Jewish people, and another group in Rome and other cities in the Roman Empire, consisting of non-Jewish people in addition to Jewish Christians.  Mark is said to have been working with Peter who had fled Jerusalem and Palestine to avoid arrest by leaders and authorities of Judaism and finally came to Rome, probably, to help Paul.

However, James,  a brother of Christ Jesus, stayed in Jerusalem and became the head of early Christians, eventually succeeding Christ Jesus and taking over the No.1 disciple Peter.  But, there arose friction, controversies, and rivalry between the two groups of the early Christians, although they both were facing antagonism from Jewish authorities.  So, it looks natural that Mark who followed Peter leaving Jerusalem and coming to Rome had no intimate ties with the Jerusalem group.  So it is no wonder that Mark put criticism on the disciples of Christ Jesus most of whom continued to stay in Jerusalem into his Gospel, even including some criticism on Peter (probably for the purpose of showing humbleness of Peter).  And the leader of the Jerusalem group was James, a brother of Christ Jesus.

Put simply, the young man who fled the scene of the arrest of Christ Jesus leaving his linen clothes must be James, a brother of Christ Jesus.  James must be also the mysterious young man depicted as a "young disciple Christ Jesus loved most" in other parts of Mark and other Gospels.     

Mark and Peter must have expected that James in Jerusalem would read the Gospel and would be ashamed of the scene as Peter would be when recalling the incident where he left Christ Jesus with other disciples as they were afraid of being killed by Jewish authorities and Roman soldiers.

The description of the young man in the scene of the arrest must be a message to James, a brother of Christ Jesus, who was leading the Jerusalem group.  But true intention and meaning of the description are still mystery.

Incidentally, it also tells that the Gospel by Mark was written while James and Peter were alive, earlier than conventionally believed by the Vatican, scholars, and experts. 

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Joh 11:10 But if a man walk in the night, he stumbleth, because there is no light in him.