Saturday, August 17, 2013

"of his own accord he went unto you" - Fukushima Daiichi Contaminated Water Leakage to Sea

Ginza Street, Tokyo

Fukushima Daiichi Contaminated Water Leakage to Sea

Tokyo Electric Power Co. (TEPCO), the owner of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant, announced that it had completed in early August an underground wall in the premises near the Pacific Ocean to prevent leakage of radioactively contaminated water to the sea.

Experts concerned recently pointed that some contaminated water was still flowing into the sea, even though it was more than two years after the start of the Fukushima Daiichi accident.  That is why TEPCO started to build this wall this July.

The wall, 100 meters wide and 16 meters deep, was constructed by infusing liquid glass into the ground.  But there left is a gap of 1.8 meters between the top of the wall to the surface of the ground.

On the other hand, there is a trench in the ground under buildings housing crippled nuclear reactors.  In it, radioactively contaminated water is kept.  But groundwater also flows into this trench.  Accordingly, an increased amount of contaminated water flows to the underground wall.  Very unluckily the depth of this water flow is 1.2 meters from the surface of the ground.  Consequently the radioactively spoiled water runs over the wall to the Pacific Ocean eventually.

In this way 300 tons of problematic water flows into the sea every day from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant which is still under recovery work after its drastic destruction in the wake of huge tsunamis triggered by an M9.0 earthquake of March 11, 2011.

 (What is worse, it is also recently that TEPCO could correctly measure how much water is leaking to the sea.  This amount 300 tons gave a great shock to the society when it was made public.)

TEPCO plans to abolish this nuclear power plant, taking probably scores of years.  But this leakage has apparently made the situation more complicated.

For example, in response to this situation, fishermen's unions in ports around the Fukushima Prefecture have voluntarily stopped fishing activities in sea areas off the Prefecture, though they were gradually resuming their business in the sea after the Fukushima Daiichi accident, taking time and measuring carefully doses of fishes they caught.  

However, dose levels at some points, though not all the locations, recently measured in the seabed around the Fukushima Daiichi plant are several thousand becquerels per kilo gram of soil at most.  It is not yet catastrophic though the allowable dose for fishes is 100 Bq/kg now in Japan.

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2Co 8:15 As it is written, He that had gathered much had nothing over; and he that had gathered little had no lack.
2Co 8:16 But thanks be to God, which put the same earnest care into the heart of Titus for you.
2Co 8:17 For indeed he accepted the exhortation; but being more forward, of his own accord he went unto you.
2Co 8:18 And we have sent with him the brother, whose praise is in the gospel throughout all the churches;

Thursday, August 15, 2013

"And he touched her hand" - East Asia since 1868

Hie Shrine, Tokyo, Close to Parliament Bldg. 

East Asia since 1868

When the samurai era ended in 1868 through a civil war, Japan started to fully open the nation to the world and modernize and westernize the nation.

Subsequently Japanese succeeded in its own industrial revolution to build up strong military forces.  But at the time Japan was threatened by the Russian Empire coming down to the south through Siberia.

Other western powers, including the UK which defeated China in the Opium War (1842) and the US which compelled samurai Japan to have a diplomatic tie with the US, also forced Japan to accept  unequal treaties (1854).  Japan could not, of course, rely on these western colonizing powers to take preventive measures against the imminent threat from Russians.  Japan had to rely on its inherent samurai (warrior) spirit.

On the other hand, the Korean Kingdom was still in its seclusion policy like samurai-era Japan.  Koreans were desperately split between farmers and noble men.  The rotten Korean court was unable to boost its economy and enrich the nation.  Korean farmers were left in a state of illiteracy and ignorance mostly due to the discriminatory social system of Korea built on extreme Confucianism.  It was apparent that Korea could not modernize and westernize itself.  What is worse, Korea nominally belonged to China.  Corrupt Yi-Dynasty Korea was a tributary to more corrupt Ching Dynasty of China.  And Ching itself could not modernize itself even after the defeat by the UK in the Opium War.

So, when Japan put an end to the rule by sword of samurai in 1868, East Asia was, like South East Asia and South Asia, about to be directly and indirectly colonized by the UK, France, Germany, the US, etc.  What is worse, the Russian Empire was for real trying to move its mighty troops from Siberia into Manchuria and North Korea.  But Ching Dynasty and Yi-Dynasty Korea could not stop this military invasion as they had no strong military and modern industry.  They could not carry out their own industrial revolution.

At the time leaders of the Empire of Japan thought that it was a matter of time that strong and modern Russian troops would occupy Manchuria, part of northeast China, the Korean Peninsula, and then eventually the Japanese Archipelago.  Tokyo had to do something to prepare for a coming showdown with the Russian Empire.

As the first step, Tokyo tried to educate Koreans so that they would sever its centuries-long subordinate relationship with China and get fully independent.  Japanese politicians expected that new Korea would join Japanese efforts to keep independence of East Asia from western powers and Russians.  But as Korea's old tie with Ching was so strong that the Empire of Japan had to make a war against Ching China to free Koreans from the Chinese rule.  This is the First Japanese-Sino War which was fought from 1894 to 1895.

The defeat of Ching Dynasty eventually led to its all-out fall in 1912.  But Korea could not advance its society all by itself after the war, so that the Korean Kingdom was eventually fully annexed to the Empire of Japan in 1910 (though some Japanese leaders were against this measure imposing a heavy financial burden on Tokyo).  And most importantly the Empire of Japan fought the Empire of Russia between 1904 and 1905, extensively using its military bases in the Korean Peninsula built after the First Japanese-Sino War.  The victory of the Empire of Japan over the Russian Empire took away the threat of brutal invasion and inhuman colonization by Russians from East Asia.

This is the basics for understanding current situations and relationships among Japan, South/North Koreas, and China as well as Taiwan and Mongolia.

Indeed the 21st century is based on the 20th century which was a kind of extension of the 19th century and preceding centuries.

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Mat 8:15 And he touched her hand, and the fever left her: and she arose, and ministered unto them.

Wednesday, August 14, 2013

"choked with cares and riches and pleasures of this life" - Short History of Yasukuni Shrine

Tokyo Haneda International Airport Facing Tokyo Bay

Short History of Yasukuni Shrine

1868  The last samurai regime falls through a civil war, and the Emperor (Meiji) starts to reign Japan with ex-samurais on his side.  Japan starts to open the nation and promote westernization and modernization.

1869  Yasukuni's Predecessor Tokyo Syo-kon Shya (Tokyo Shrine to Invite Spirits) is founded as a national shrine.

1879  Tokyo Syo-kon Shya is renamed Yasukuni Jinjya (Yasukuni Shrine).

1941  WWII for Japan starts with Pearl Harbor Attack, Hawaii.

1945  The Empire of Japan surrenders to the US; US General MacArthur who starts to govern Japan orders separation of shinto from the government.

1946  Yasukuni Shrine becomes a private religious body.

1951  San Francisco Peace Treaty is signed to put an end to a state of the War for Japan.

1952  Japan becomes fully independent again.

1975  The Emperor (Showa) visits Yasukuni Shrine as his last visit to the shrine though he visited the shrine often before WWII and in 1945, 1952, 1954, 1957, 1959, 1965, and 1969 after WWII.

1978  Former Prime Minister Tojo and other A-class war criminals (former top leaders of the Empire of Japan) who were executed by US troops through the Tokyo Tribunal of War Criminals are enshrined in Yasukuni Shrine, joining other more than 2.4 million fallen soldiers of the Empire since 1868.

1985  Prime Minister Nakasone visits Yasukuni Shrine as representative of the government on the anniversary of Japan's surrender in World War II, namely August 15.  (Prime ministers preceding Nakasone often visited Yasukuni Shrine after WWII even on August 15.)

Then, The Asahi Shimbun newspaper of Japan, a major liberal newspaper, objects against Nakasone's visit as a nationalist act.  Then China suddenly starts to have a strong hostile attitude towards Japanese prime minister's visit to Yasukuni on August 15.  As a result, most of Japanese prime ministers after Nakasone stop visiting Yasukuni Shrine on August 15.

1996 Prime Minister Hashimoto visits Yasukuni Shrine but not on August 15.

2001  Koizumi is elected as Prime Minister of Japan, starting to visit Yasukuni Shrine every year as prime minister of Japan but not on August 15 except in 2006.

2006  Prime Minister Koizumi visits Yasukuni Shrine on August 15.  Koizumi steps down from premiership in September, though he is still in his term of office.

2013  Prime Minister Abe decides not to visit Yasukuni Shrine on August 15, since some US politicians are against the idea, according to some speculation.

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Luk 8:14 And that which fell among thorns are they, which, when they have heard, go forth, and are choked with cares and riches and pleasures of this life, and bring no fruit to perfection.

Tuesday, August 13, 2013

"and in time of temptation fall away" - Boeing 787 Short Circuit

Yokosuka Naval (Maritime Self-Defense Force) Base, Japan

Boeing 787 Short Circuit

In my opinion, the battery problem of the Boeing 787 was caused by wrong connection of the battery to equipment of the jet plane.

The equipment works as a load to a power source.  If the main power source or the battery of a 787 is adequately connected to the load or the equipment, no excess electric current would flow.

But when a power source for the equipment is changed from the main power source to the battery, there can be a part of the path of electric current in the equipment, which must be broken or open so that the part does not work as a short circuit for current from the battery.

If this part is, however, left closed by mistake, there would be a short circuit.  Accordingly excess current would flow out of the battery and back to it.  The current would not flow into the equipment but go back to the battery through the short-circuit part and heat the battery up till it burns.

But the battery fire accident occurred when the battery was not expected to be used.  So, while the main power supply was providing power to the equipment, we can think, some mysterious factor caused wrong connection of the battery to the equipment with the short circuit part left as it was.

In this case the above last figure should be modified by connecting the current path from the main source to the equipment.

Put simply, there must have happened two unusual phenomena when the battery burnt up in a Boeing 787.  First, while the main power source, which is actually engines of the jet, was providing electric current to equipment, the battery was connected to the equipment by mistake.  Second, when some mysterious mechanism worked to link the battery at issue to the equipment, some short circuit part was left by mistake as it was, though the part was just a normal portion of the electric current path from the main power source.

In other word, when a power source for the equipment is normally changed from the main power source to the battery, the short circuit part is made open so as to avoid wrong setting of a possible short circuit segment for the battery.  However, the part is just a normal part of the path and not a short circuit for electric current from the main power source.  

It can be regraded as a mistake in logic of design of this power feeding system.  No matter what condition makes the battery connected to the equipment regardless ongoing provision of power from the main power source, the possible short circuit portion must be made open so as to avoid occurrence of an electric short circuit accident.  A mechanism must be installed that connecting of the battery to equipment inevitably makes the possible short circuit part open.

The lack of this mechanism must have led to the battery fire accident in some Boeing 787 jet planes.  Engineers must check specifically what part of real electric circuits in or around the battery, a power control unit, and various devices fall into this possible short circuit portion.

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Luk 8:13 They on the rock are they, which, when they hear, receive the word with joy; and these have no root, which for a while believe, and in time of temptation fall away.

Sunday, August 11, 2013

"he had bewitched them with sorceries" - Aftereffects of Radiation

Tokyo Haneda International Airport on Tokyo Bay

Aftereffects of Radiation

The Tokyo Shimbun Newspaper reported that a British scientist claimed that more people died from radiation in Hiroshima and Nagasaki than the US estimated in a specialist conference held in London in December 1945.

The US tried to persuade that most of Japanese victims in Hiroshima and Nagasaki had been killed by heat and a bomb blast when a nuclear bomb was dropped from a B29 bomber each on the two cities in August 1945.

The effect of radioactive rays discharged from the atomic bombs was neglected in official reports released by the US military.  They tried to conceal the dehumanizing and inhuman nature of the new type of bombs.

When the atomic bomb blew up in Hiroshima on August 6, 1945, there were 350,000 people in the major city in western Japan.  By the end of 1945, Hiroshima lost 140,000 people due to the effect of the atomic bomb.  Nagasaki with 240,000 population on August 9, 1945 lost 74,000 citizens in the same condition.

There were many victims in Hiroshima and Nagasaki who died days, weeks,  months, and years after the nuclear bomb attacks due to aftereffects of radiation.

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Act 8:9 But there was a certain man, called Simon, which beforetime in the same city used sorcery, and bewitched the people of Samaria, giving out that himself was some great one:
Act 8:10 To whom they all gave heed, from the least to the greatest, saying, This man is the great power of God.
Act 8:11 And to him they had regard, because that of long time he had bewitched them with sorceries.
Act 8:12 But when they believed Philip preaching the things concerning the kingdom of God, and the name of Jesus Christ, they were baptized, both men and women.