Ethical Ten Commandments
God gave Hebrews the Ten Commandments:
The Ten Commandments
I am the Lord thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ten_Commandments
Thou shalt have no other gods before me Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image
Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain
Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy Honour thy father and thy mother
Thou shalt not kill
Thou shalt not commit adultery
Thou shalt not steal
Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour
Thou shalt not covet (neighbour's house)
Thou shalt not covet (neighbour's wife)
Thou shalt not covet (neighbour's servants, animals, or anything else)
Ye shall erect these stones which I command thee upon Mount Gerizim
But Israelites seemed not to fully observe these Commandments. So, God sent Christ Jesus to Israelites and other peoples to remind them of the Ten Commnadments.
And, behold, one came and said unto him, Good Master, what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life? And he said unto him, Why callest thou me good? there is none good but one, that is, God: but if thou wilt enter into life, keep the commandments. He saith unto him, Which? Jesus said, Thou shalt do no murder, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Honour thy father and thy mother: and, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ten_Commandments
— Matthew 19:16-19
But Israelites and other peoples seemed not to fully observe the teaching by Christ Jesus. So, God gave Islam to other peoples.
The Qur'an includes a version of the Ten Commandments in sura Al-An'am 6:151:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ten_Commandments
"Say: "Come, I will rehearse what Allah hath (really) prohibited you from": Join not anything with Him; be good to your parents; kill not your children on a plea of want;- We provide sustenance for you and for them;- come not nigh to indecent deeds. Whether open or secret; take not life, which Allah hath made sacred, except by way of justice and law: thus doth He command you, that ye may learn wisdom. And come not nigh to the orphan's property, except to improve it, until he attain the age of full strength; give measure and weight with (full) justice;- no burden do We place on any soul, but that which it can bear;- whenever ye speak, speak justly, even if a near relative is concerned; and fulfill the Covenant of Allah. thus doth He command you, that ye may remember."
But Muslims seem not to fully observe this version of the Ten Commandments. So, God might make the Last Judgment.
There are many religions and philosophical teachings such as Buddhism, Confucianism, some schools of the Greek Philosophy taught by Socrates, etc. that encourage practice of ethic. But, Judaism is outstanding in presenting a moral code in such a simple and strong manner. It is also unique in that it claims that God ordered men to observe the commandments highly related to ethic.
If God really requested human beings to follow those ethical Commandments while the human beings have not met this request after God gave the three religions to the mankind, what terrible thing would occur to the mankind?
However, today nobody seems to seriously worry about God's request and possible consequences of men's failure to meet it. It looks like the mankind insults God. It is very terrible, since we cannot defend ourselves if God should definitely punish us.
**** **** ****
Mar 6:1 And he went out from thence, and came into his own country; and his disciples follow him.
Mar 6:2 And when the sabbath day was come, he began to teach in the synagogue: and many hearing him were astonished, saying, From whence hath this man these things? and what wisdom is this which is given unto him, that even such mighty works are wrought by his hands?