Saturday, July 26, 2014

"the devil out of her daughter" - Christian Judaists Peter, James and Paul

A Shinto Shrine around Tokyo

Christian Judaists Peter, James and Paul

Christianity was not established immediately after the resurrection of Christ Jesus from the crucifixion.

The Apostles and other believers of Christ Jesus did not think that they were now no more Judaists but Christians.  They had no doubt that they would continue to be Judaists.  They never dreamed that Christ Jesus launched a new religion being separated from Judaism.
The history of the Jerusalem Church begins from the day of Pentecost.  On this day of circa A. D. 30, the tongues of fire came down on Apostles and filled them with the Holy Spirit, enabling them to speak in different languages (Acts 2:4-5).  After this, the Jews who gathered in Jerusalem to celebrate Pentecost (Lev. 23:15-16) from all over the world heard the celebrated sermon of Peter about Christ.  Around three thousand people joined the Church on that day (Acts 2:41).  All this happened on the southwestern hill of Jerusalem, known today as Mount Zion.   After the next sermon which Peter and John delivered in the Temple, the number of converted men grew to five thousand (Acts 4:4).   The life of the first Christians was concentrated around the Temple, where they were going to pray and to preach Christ every day (Acts 2:46; 3:1; and 5:21,42).  They held everything in common (Acts 2:44) and those who were rich supported the poor (Acts 2:45 and 4:34-37).  The breaking of bread in homes (Acts 2:46) is an allusion to celebrating of the Holy Eucharist.

 The proselytizing activities of the Apostles immediately brought about oppression from the Jewish Sanhedrin (Acts 4:1-23 and 5:17-20, 26-40).  After the martyrdom of Stephen (Acts 7), a persecution of Christians began in Jerusalem, and everybody except the Apostles left the city for Judea and Samaria (Acts 8:1).  Saul, a Pharisee and a student of Rabbi Gamaliel (Acts 22:3), was one of the fiercest persecutors.  Since the Apostles had to comfort those who were in prison and serve as a coordinating center for scattered Christians, they stayed in Jerusalem.  The dispersed Christians began their preaching of the good news throughout the whole country.  The eighth, ninth, and tenth chapters of Acts describe the missionary journeys of Philip, one of the seven deacons of the Jerusalem Church, and of Peter and John.   Sometime after 32, the event which changed the whole history of the Church took place:  the bloodthirsty persecutor Saul was converted and became the holy Apostle Paul who by his missionary activities turned the Church into the universal means of humankind’s salvation.

 Around 35, St. Paul made his first visit to Jerusalem to see Peter (Gal. 1:18).  He writes that of all the Apostles only Peter and James were there (Gal. 1:19).  While other Apostles must have gone from Jerusalem to spread the good news throughout the Roman Empire and visited the city only from time to time, James became the head of the local Christian community (Acts 12:17; 15:13-21; 21:18; Gal. 1:19; and 2:9,12).  Clement of Alexandria in his sixth book of Hypotyposes writes that “Peter and James and John, after the Ascension of the Savior, did not struggle for glory, because they had previously been given honor by the Savior, but they chose James the Just as Bishop of Jerusalem.”   In the spring of 49, the first Church council was convened at Jerusalem (Acts 15).  Whether Gentile Christians should obey the law of Moses and be circumcised were the main matters of concern at this council. 
In the situations depicted in the Gospels and the Acts of the Apostles, followers of Christ Jesus all lived as Judaists but not as Christians.  They must have talked about teaching of Christ Jesus but must not have denied Judaism and their faith in Judaism and Torah and other Judaist books.  Probably they came to mention Christ Jesus less and less to avoid friction and troubles with other Judaists.

Consequently, Christian Judaists came to be gradually absorbed in the Israelite public while leaders and priests of the Temple of Jerusalem attacked Christian Judaists and killed James. And then he First Jewish–Roman War (66–73 CE) started to wipe out Christian Judaists with other Israelites.

On the other hand, Christianity was established outside Jerusalem and Judea or specifically around Rome.  Christianity separated from Judaism when the Gospels of Mark, Mathew, Luke, and John were written and issued to be read widely.

It is very impressive that the Acts of the Apostles is finished abruptly as Paul was living in Rome.  Till the moment, there was no Christianity, but only Christian Judaism existed.  So, they were not stories of early Christians but of the last Christian Judaists that are depicted in the Gospels and the Acts.

Christianity started when Paul quit being a Christian Judaist after the last scene of the Acts.  But strangely, there are no documents, written and preserved till today, that report how Christian Paul or Peter lived and died.  It is so since the Gospels and the Acts are books that still belong to the domain of Christina Judaism.

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Mar 7:26 The woman was a Greek, a Syrophenician by nation; and she besought him that he would cast forth the devil out of her daughter.
Mar 7:27 But Jesus said unto her, Let the children first be filled: for it is not meet to take the children's bread, and to cast it unto the dogs.

Friday, July 25, 2014

"whom they seek to kill" - The First Pope, Not Paul?


The First Pope, Not Paul?

St. Peter is a mysterious man, though he is positioned as the first Pope while St. Paul was not.
About halfway through, the Acts of the Apostles turns its attention away from Peter and to the activities of Paul, and the Bible is mostly silent on what occurred to Peter afterwards. 
The church in Rome was already flourishing when Paul wrote his Epistle to the Romans about AD 57,[34] he greets some fifty people in Rome by name,[35] but not Peter whom he knew. There is also no mention of Peter in Rome later during Paul's two-year stay there in Acts 28, about AD 60-62. Church historians consistently consider Peter and Paul to have been martyred under the reign of Nero, around AD 65 such as after the Great Fire of Rome. 
However, as the Vatican puts the highest priority on the church but not on the Bible, the linkage between St. Peter and Christ Jesus is a key to its claim for the supreme power in the Christian world.

According to the Vatican, Christ Jesus is God and He chose Peter as His successor in leadership of the church.  So, everything crucially important was handed over to Peter.  Every secret in Christianity was provided for Peter in a spiritual manner.  And every Pope after St. Peter has also received this tradition.  Therefore, a Pope at any era has been a holy deputy of Christ Jesus.

But if the holy authority of St. Peter should be denied, the Vatican would lose its ground for leading Christians in the world.

And as everybody knows, the Acts of the Apostles depicts Paul as the true leader of early Christians.  On the other hand, Peter's acts are not clear.  Even where Peter had been and how Peter reached Rome were unclear.  Suddenly, they claims, Peter died in Rome around the same time when Paul was executed.  It is mysterious.  It is as if the author of the Acts of the Apostles Luke had had no expectation that Peter would become the first Pope.

In Jerusalem, the church of early Christians or more correctly Christian Judaists was led by James, a younger brother of Christ Jesus.
In the non-canonical Gospel of Thomas, Jesus names James his successor: "The disciples said to Jesus, 'We know that you will depart from us. Who will be our leader?' Jesus said to them, "Where you are, you are to go to James the Just, for whose sake heaven and earth came into existence.'"
So, all the Christian Judaists, who were left by Christ Jesus and lived around Jerusalem, respected and followed James.  But this church in Jerusalem was terminated by violence in internal conflicts among Israelites when James the Just was killed.
According to a passage found in existing manuscripts of Josephus' Antiquities of the Jews, (xx.9) "the brother of Jesus, who was called Christ, whose name was James" met his death after the death of the procurator Porcius Festus but before Lucceius Albinus had assumed office (Antiquities 20,9) — which has been dated to 62. The High Priest Hanan ben Hanan (Anani Ananus in Latin) took advantage of this lack of imperial oversight to assemble a Sanhedrin (although the correct translation of the Greek synhedrion kriton is "a council of judges"), who condemned James "on the charge of breaking the law", then had him executed by stoning.
So, it looks reasonable that Peter ran away from Jerusalem and Judea as the High Priest and his followers must have intended to kill Peter, too.  Peter fled to Rome as Paul and other believers caught already some followers who accepted the teaching by Paul.

The Vatican could not recognize James as the first Pope since he was the leader of Christian Judaists in Jerusalem.  But the Vatican neither recognized Paul as the first Pope since he had never seen Christ Jesus living and preaching.  The only choice was Peter, though Peter was very mysterious and his acts having been conducted between Jerusalem and Rome were mostly unknown even if he had power to work miracles.    

The point at issue is how much more the Vatican did inherit information about Christ Jesus directly from St. Peter than the Gospels of Mark, Mathew, Luke and John.

In addition, there are many people today who doubt justification for the Vatican introduces Peter as the first Pope.
Was Peter Bishop in Rome?

A side note. There is no scriptural proof that Peter was the founding bishop in Rome. When Paul writes to Rome, he never greets Peter in the letter, which proves conclusively that Peter was not in Rome so he could not be the founding Bishop. It is true, he probably was crucified in Rome, but dieing there does not make you a bishop there.

At one time Peter was probably in Rome, for he mentions it in 1 Peter 5:13: She who is in Babylon, chosen together with you, sends you her greetings, and so does my son Mark. It can be argued that Babylon was the code name for Rome; however, some believe Babylon was an actual location that Peter was in, and not Rome. Regardless of one’s view of Babylon, it does not mean Peter was the founding bishop there. He may have been there at one time, but there is no reason to assume that Peter was setting up headquarters in Rome and thus setting up the pontificate. So if Peter was not the founding Bishop in Rome, how could the Roman Catholic Church argue that Peter was the first Pope?

I think the burden of proof is on the Catholic Church to prove otherwise, and there is no scriptural proof that Peter was the first Pope. On the contrary, there is plenty of scriptural proof that Peter was not the first Pope.
Of course, only Christ Jesus who secretly helped Paul and Peter, in addition to James, preach and teach gentiles as well as Hebrews after resurrection could authorize Peter to assume the title of the First Pope.  But we have no record on this holy authorization even when we refer to ancient documents discovered around the Dead Sea and the Nile River in the 20th century or so.

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Joh 7:25 Then said some of them of Jerusalem, Is not this he, whom they seek to kill?
Joh 7:26 But, lo, he speaketh boldly, and they say nothing unto him. Do the rulers know indeed that this is the very Christ?
Joh 7:27 Howbeit we know this man whence he is: but when Christ cometh, no man knoweth whence he is.
Joh 7:28 Then cried Jesus in the temple as he taught, saying, Ye both know me, and ye know whence I am: and I am not come of myself, but he that sent me is true, whom ye know not.

Wednesday, July 23, 2014

"ye that work iniquity" - Q Source and Judas Iscariot


Q Source and Judas Iscariot

Recent studies on the Gospels have revealed that the Gospels of Mathew and Luke rely on two sources: the Gospel of Mark and Q Source.

The Gospels of Matthew and Luke were written independently, each using Mark and a second hypothetical document called "Q" as a source. Q was conceived as the most likely explanation behind the common material (mostly sayings) found in the Gospel of Matthew and the Gospel of Luke but not in Mark.

What I think is that this Q Source was written by the controversial Apostle Judas Iscariot.

It is thought by scholars today that Q Source was written in Greek by somebody who heard Jesus preaching.
The Q document must have been composed prior to the Gospels of both Matthew and Luke. Some scholars even suggest Q may have predated Mark. A date for the final Q document is often placed in the 40s or 50s of the first century, with some arguing its so-called sapiential layer (1Q, containing six wisdom speeches) being written as early as the 30s.[22]

If Q did exist, it has since been lost. Some scholars believe it can be partially reconstructed by examining elements common to Matthew and Luke (but absent from Mark). This reconstructed Q is notable in that it generally does not describe the events of the life of Jesus: Q does not mention Jesus' birth, his selection of the 12 disciples, his crucifixion, or the resurrection. Instead, it appears to be a collection of Jesus' sayings and quotations.
My theory is that Judas Iscariot was a spy sent by Roman authority that actually governed Palestine and Jerusalem.  Judas was probably directly controlled by Governor Pilate or under a Roman general stationed in Damascus.  Anyway, Judas Iscariot must have been making a report on Christ Jesus.  No Apostles and followers of Christ Jesus kept a note of preaching and sayings of Christ Jesus because they had no such a need.  But as a spy Judas had to write down what Christ Jesus said secretly.

Q Source was originally the report Judas Iscariot wrote and submitted to Roman authority and maybe to the Roman Governor in charge of keeping order in Judea.   So, Q does not contain any information Roman authority was not interested in or knew already, including background of Christ Jesus; it focuses on what Christ Jesus said and preached to people.  As Q was such a report written by Judas in order to find matters and reasons for which to justify arrest of Christ Jesus, events after the arrest of Christ Jesus by Roman soldiers are not included in Q Source.

However as time went by, Q Source or Judas' secret report must have come to be in the hand of some Roman citizens who became a believer of Christ Jesus.  And, when early Christians heard that Mark wrote and issued his version of Gospel, some of them wanted to write their versions of Gospel as they happened to know the existence of Q Source or Judas' secret report.  Eventually the Gospels of Mathew and Luke were written with reference to the Gospel of Mark and Q Source, though Mathew and Luke thought it was desirable to hide Q Source since it was originally a secret report Judas, as a spy for Romans, made betraying trust of Christ Jesus.

In another possibility, Christ Jesus secretly allowed Judas to keep a note on His sayings for some purpose.  But Judas betrayed Christ Jesus and handed the record to Roman authority.  In this case, as the Gospel of Judas tells, Judas Iscariot was a special Apostle, but eventually he looked like betraying Christ Jesus by abusing the record of Jesus' sayings.

Anyway, Q Source was written by Judas Iscariot with a kind of approval of Christ Jesus, though it was handed to Romans to be used as evidence of insurgence on which they arrested Christ Jesus, according to my theory.

So, it is very ironical that the Synoptic Gospels we read today are based on writings by Christ Jesus and Judas Iscariot, since Christ Jesus must have been the very author of the Gospel of Mark and Judas Iscariot of Q Source.

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Mat 7:22 Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name? and in thy name have cast out devils? and in thy name done many wonderful works?
Mat 7:23 And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you: depart from me, ye that work iniquity.

Tuesday, July 22, 2014

"to the poor the gospel is preached" - The Gospel of Mark for Separation from Judaism


The Gospel of Mark for Separation from Judaism

The Gospel of Mark is the earliest one among the three synoptic gospels of Mark, Luke and Mathew.

Till the Gospel of Mark was issued, there had been no documents written by followers of Christ Jesus.  It was, most probably, because writing books unique to Christ Jesus meant an expression of intention to separate from Judaism.  Indeed, if followers of Christ Jesus had wanted to stay within the scope of Judaism, they should not have needed new documents.

But, the Gospel of Mark was written in Greek.  This Gospel was not intended to be solely read by Hebrews or Israelites.

The Apostles and other early followers of Christ Jesus who lived in Jerusalem before the First Jewish–Roman War (66–73 CE) must have had no intention to quit being Judaists.  They never thought that they had become something different from Judaists only because they believed in Christ Jesus.  They didn't need any other books but conventional books such as the Torah or the Old Testament.  What the Apostles read was not the New Testament but only the Torah and old Hebrew books.

So, while the Apostles lived, no new books concerning Christ Jesus were written and issued due to respect for them.  Conversely, writing and issuing new books concerning Christ Jesus meant clear separation from Judaism.  So, the Gospel of Mark was written in Greek, targeting Roman citizens and other gentiles who spoke Greek.

Especially, if the Gospel of Mark had not been written and issued, the Gospels of Luke and Mathew should not have been able to be written.  Then, a new religion, Christianity, should not have been possible.  In fact, 93% of contents of the Gospel of Mark were adopted in the two succeeding Gospels.  And roughly speaking, a half of contents of each of  Luke and Mathew is unique to itself.   So, it is apparent that Luke and Mathew read the Gospel of Mark and decided to write their versions of Gospel, collecting information about the preaching of Christ Jesus that had been delivered decades ago.

Establishment of Christianity and its separation from Judaism started with the appearance of the Gospel of Mark.  And "Mark" intended, from the beginning, to spread Christianity to Roman citizens and other gentiles by writing the book in Greek.  It was "Mark" that decided to make Christianity separate from Judaism.  So, "Mark" was the true founder of Christianity.  But, it must be Christ Jesus that founded Christianity.  It means that "Mark" was Christ Jesus.  Christ Jesus must have continued to live after resurrection under the name of Mark.

Of cause, Paul played a key role in establishing early Christianity.  But without the Gospel of Mark, documents written by Paul had less significance.  Those documents would lose meaning.  Readers of Paul's letters would not be able to understand what St. Paul was arguing and mentioning without the Gospels.

Therefore, Christianity was launched with the Gospel of Mark that was written and issued after all the Apostles and other early followers of Christ Jesus who had directly seen Christ Jesus preaching died and disappeared without their successors, namely Hebrew Christians.

So logically, it is quite reasonable to regard Mark who wrote the Gospel of Mark as Christ Jesus.

Traditionally Mark is thought to have been founder and bishop of the church of Alexandria, Egypt, where he was martyred.

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Luk 7:22 Then Jesus answering said unto them, Go your way, and tell John what things ye have seen and heard; how that the blind see, the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead are raised, to the poor the gospel is preached.

Monday, July 21, 2014

"and ye all marvel" - The Gospel of Judas or Judas the Spy?


The Gospel of Judas or Judas the Spy?

The Gospel of Judas was so identified and translated around 2005 when John Paul II died.

Maybe it suggested that somebody betrayed the Vatican.
The Gospel of Judas is a Gnostic gospel whose content consists of conversations between the Apostle Judas Iscariot and Jesus Christ. 
It is believed to have been written by Gnostic followers of Jesus, certainly not by Judas himself, and, since it contains late 2nd century theology, probably dates from no earlier than the 2nd century. In 180 AD, Irenaeus, the Bishop of Lyons, wrote a document in which he railed against this gospel, indicating the book was already in circulation. 
A leather-bound Coptic language papyrus document that surfaced during the 1970s, near Beni Masar, Egypt,[2] was named the Codex Tchacos after an antiquities dealer, Frieda Nussberger-Tchacos, who became concerned about the deteriorating condition of the manuscript. First translated in the early 2000s, the codex contains text that appears to be from the late 2nd century AD,[3] and includes the self-titled "Gospel of Judas" (Euangelion Ioudas)[4] which claims to be the story of Jesus's death from the viewpoint of Judas. 
The initial translation of the Gospel of Judas was widely publicized but simply confirmed the account that was written in Irenaeus and known Gnostic beliefs, leading some scholars to simply summarize the discovery as nothing new.
However, it is argued that a closer reading of the existent text, as presented in October 2006, shows that the writer suggests that Judas was set up to actually betray Jesus out of wrath and anger:
It is very interesting that in the second century some people tried hard to interpret what Judas did from a viewpoint of Judas.  But what did they gain by justifying the Judas' act?
Translated by
Rodolphe Kasser, Marvin Meyer, and Gregor Wurst,
in collaboration with François Gaudard
When Jesus appeared on earth, he performed miracles and great wonders for the salvation of humanity. And since some [walked] in the way of righteousness while others walked in their transgressions, the twelve disciples were called. 
He began to speak with them about the mysteries beyond the world and what would
take place at the end. Often he did not appear to his disciples as himself, but he was found among them as a child.
One day he was with his disciples in Judea, and he found them gathered together and seated in pious observance. When he [approached] his disciples, [34] gathered together and seated and offering a prayer of thanksgiving over the bread, [he] laughed. 
The disciples said to [him], “Master, why are you laughing at [our] prayer of
thanksgiving? We have done what is right.”
He answered and said to them, “I am not laughing at you. are not doing this
because of your own will but because it is through this that your god [will be] praised.”
They said, “Master, you are […] the son of our god.”
Jesus said to them, “How do you know me? Truly [I]
Knowing that Judas was reflecting upon something that was exalted, Jesus said to him,“Step away from the others and I shall tell you the mysteries of the kingdom. It is possible for you to reach it, but you will grieve a great deal. [36] For someone else will replace you, in order that the twelve [disciples] may again come to completion with their god.”
Judas said, “Master, could it be that my seed is under the control of the rulers?”
Jesus answered and said to him, “Come, that I [—two lines missing—], but that you
will grieve much when you see the kingdom and all its generation.”
When he heard this, Judas said to him, “What good is it that I have received it? For
you have set me apart for that generation.”
Jesus answered and said, “You will become the thirteenth, and you will be cursed by the other generations—and you will come to rule over them. In the last days they will curse your ascent [47] to the holy [generation].”
“Truly […] your last […] become [—about two and a half lines missing—], grieve
[—about two lines missing—] the ruler, since he will be destroyed. And then the image of the great generation of Adam will be exalted, for prior to heaven, earth, and the angels, that generation, which is from the eternal realms, exists. Look, you have been told everything. Lift up your eyes and look at the cloud and the light within it and the stars surrounding it. The star that leads the way is your star.”
Judas lifted up his eyes and saw the luminous cloud, and he entered it.
[…] Their high priests murmured because [he] had gone into the guest room for his
prayer. But some scribes were there watching carefully in order to arrest him during the prayer, for they were afraid of the people, since he was regarded by all as a prophet.
They approached Judas and said to him, “What are you doing here? You are Jesus’
Judas answered them as they wished. And he received some money and handed him over to them. 
One possible theory about creation of this Gospel is that as Christianity came to be widely accepted by people in the Roman Empire and citizens of Rome, some scholars at the time checked the background of this religion.  And they found that there was a controversial figure, though so negative, in the story of Christ Jesus: Judas Iscariot.

Such Roman scholars concerned must have further referred to documents that were related to Christ Jesus and Judas Iscariot and kept secretly somewhere in Rome or Palestine.  And, in my theory, when they discovered that Judas Iscariot had been a spy sent by the then Roman authority in Palestine to Christ Jesus, they must have been very much embarrassed.

"What if the increasing number of believers in Christ Jesus found that Judas had been a spy of Romans?"  The Roman elite had to do something to avoid such possible indictment from Christians who were then gaining influences in Rome.  The fact that Judas Iscariot had been a spy under control of a Roman general or governor in Syria or Jerusalem must be kept secret for ever.   So, they decided to write the Gospel of Judas.

This is one possible scenario, though the Gospel of Mark must be reexamined in this context, since it is very likely that Christ Jesus Himself wrote this Gospel using the name Mark.

we’re all betrayers of Christ

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Joh 7:21 Jesus answered and said unto them, I have done one work, and ye all marvel.

Sunday, July 20, 2014

"by their fruits" - Respect History and Stop Wars

Around Tokyo

Respect History and Stop Wars

We, as members of mankind, have to show our full respect for history, since history is God.

However, the Iraqi War was conducted with an alarming degree of brutality, resulting in a more brutal civil war after retreat of US troops.

Iraq stands on Mesopotamia, the birth place of urban civilization of mankind.  If we, as members of mankind, show full respect for history, which is God, we should have stopped the US from sending troops to Iraq to dismantle so-called weapons of mass destruction that did not exist after all.  We all failed in showing full respect to the ancient Mesopotamian Civilization.  

The Afghan War was also launched and is still going on with not only US troops but also NATO soldiers being engaged in battles in the country where no modern urban civilization can be found.

Afghanistan was a limit where Alexander the Great could reach in his advancement to the east.  The glory of the Roman Empire and the growth of Christianity came after the era of Alexander the Great.  We all failed to show full respect to the great historic achievement of Alexander the Great.

Syria has also longer history than any European/American cities.  Not only Abraham and his clan but also the armies of ancient Greece, ancient Iran, the Roman Empire, Crusade, etc. passed or were stationed there.  Damascus has been a family place for readers of the Old Testament even before the era of Christ.  Nonetheless, the international community cannot stop the brutal civil war going on for three years.  We all fail in exercising justice onto Syria and also showing respect to history.

Gaza is also an old area.  It appeared in records of ancient world covering ancient Egypt and ancient Hebrew kingdoms.  But this series of conflicts around Gaza between Palestinians and Israelis symbolizes our lack in respect for history.      

It is very bad.

We have to preserve those historic places with full respect, since history is God.  But as if we were having history lose its face, we have shed too much blood there.  Consequently, something terrible must happen.

Indeed, we have seen the second tragedy of Malaysian airliners in troubled and dangerous Ukraine after the mysterious prelude of missing MH370, while we assume that Malaysia has nothing to do with these tragic wars and battles in the world.  It is a warning delivered to us by God.

Respect history and stop wars!

The Third World War might be set off in the worst case in extension of this dangerous trend.

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Mat 7:20 Wherefore by their fruits ye shall know them.