Giza, Sinai, Jerusalem, and Mt. Ararat
The Great Pyramid of Giza was built in about 2550 BC. It was 550 years before Abraham's departure from Ur in Mesopotamia. And descendants of Abraham came to settle down in Jerusalem, as King David took over Jerusalem and transferred the capital of his kingdom from Hebron to Jerusalem around 1000 BC.
However the following map suggests something more significant.
There is a possibility that ancient Egyptians knew locations of Mt. Ararat and Mt.
Umm Shumar/Mt. Catherine (the highest mountain in Sinai Peninsula). So, they chose Giza as the location to build Great Pyramids in. The distance between Mt. Ararat and Giza is almost equal to the distance from Mt. Ararat to Mt. Umm Shumar/Mt. Catherine. Accordingly they built Great Pyramids in Giza around 2550 BC.
Then David or other ancient Hebrew leaders chose Jerusalem as their capital around 1000 BC. The distance between Jerusalem and Gaza is almost equal to the distance from Jerusalem to Mt. Umm Shumar/Mt. Catherine.
Remember that the Old Testament refers to Mt. Ararat.
The name "Ararat" is mentioned four times in the Bible's original manuscripts (Gen. 8:4; 2 Kings 19:37; Isaiah 37:38; Jer. 51:27). This was the name of a country. On one of its mountains Noah’s ark rested after the Flood subsided (Gen. 8:4). Most researchers believe that the "mountains" mentioned were probably the Kurdish range of South Armenia in Turkey. In the King James Bible, 2 Kings 19:37 and Isa. 37:38 translate the word "Ararat" as "Armenia." However, other versions, including the New King James Version, simply say "land of Ararat."But it does not mention Giza and Great Pyramids. It is a big mystery.
Pyramids are not mentioned as such in the canonical Scriptures. However, the Apocrypha (approved as canonical by Catholics and Coptics) does mention pyramids in 1 Maccabees 13:28-38 in connection with seven pyramids built by Simon Maccabeus as monuments to his parents.
Pre-Alexandrian Jews would not have used the word pyramid. However, in the Old Testament, we do see the word migdol (Strong’s, H4024). This word is translated “tower” and could represent any large monolith, obelisk or pyramid. Migdol is the Hebrew word used to describe the Tower of Babel in Genesis 11:4, and it is translated similarly in Ezekiel 29:10 and 30:6. In describing a “pyramid,” this is the word the Hebrews would have most likely used. Furthermore, Migdol is a place name in Exodus 14:2, Numbers 33:7, Jeremiah 44:1, and Jeremiah 46:14 and could mean that a tower or monument was located there.Though there is misunderstanding as to whether Hebrews worked to build pyramids in Egypt (they could not as the Great Pyramids were built 500 years before the era of Abraham), some people today think that the Bible does not mention Pyramids as Hebrews had not lived near Giza in their days in Egypt.
That's right, the Bible does not say that Jewish slaves built the Pyramids. In fact the pyramids were thousands of years old at the time of Moses and would have been old even at the time of Abraham.
At the time of Moses, the art of pyramid building was long forgotten and the Egyptians buried their dead Pharohs in tombs in the Valley of the Kings.
This in no way proves or disproves the Exodus. I do not find it surprising that the pyramids were not mentioned. I would point out that the Temple of Karnak, the Temple of Ramses, and other architectural wonders were also not mentioned. Neither was the pantheon of Egyptian gods. Why is that?
My personal opinion is that the Exodus took place at an earlier date than the generally accepted time frame of Seti and Ramses. I think that it took place during the reign of Akhenaten. So, the area around Giza is not mentioned because all the action is taking place at Amarna. Amarna was utterly destroyed and very little remains.
I think that one of the reasons that archaeology has been unable to verify the events in the Bible is that the timeline that is being applied is wrong and archaeologists are looking in the wrong places for the evidence.
An earlier Exodus would also explain why archaeology has been unable to find artifacts dating from the reign of King David and King Solomon. These two kings of Israel were highly influential to say the least, and yet their existance has not been verified by scientific evidence. None of the artifacts in Israel seem to match the assumed timeline.The reason why the Bible does not mention the Great Pyramids of Giza must be religious one. As the Old Testament mentions the Tower of Babel in a very negative way, Hebrews did not respect pyramids in Egypt. Or ancient Israelites must have known that pyramids were religious structures for ancient Egyptians. For them to refer to pyramids must have meant for them to pay respect to the Egyptian religion. As pyramids were not built to show respect to the God of Israelites, they most probably avoided mentioning them in the Bible on purpose.
Rather we may think that pyramids must have been a symbol of their religious enemies. So, Israelites and even Christ Jesus and His followers avoided mentioning Egyptian pyramids. Indeed, their ancestors who lived with or before Moses had been slaves of the kingdom of Egypt. Israelites had been slaves under Great Pyramids. So, to show respect to their ancestors, Israelites and early Christians never mentioned pyramids of Egypt though they depicted the Tower of the Babel.
Nonetheless, deliberately or not, Jerusalem can be linked with Giza and Mt. Ararat as the above figure shows. We had better assume that Jerusalem was chosen by King David to make his kingdom situated at the center of the ancient world surrounded by Mt. Ararat, Giza, and the highest mountain in Sinai, Mt. Catherine.
But how could David know the wider positional relation 3000 years ago or around 1000 BC? Of course, some useful scientific skills must have been at his hand, since the scientifically meritorious Great Pyramids were built 1500 years before the era of King David.
Anyway, Mt. Ararat is related to Noah who experienced the Great Flood that must have occurred before King Khufu and other ancient Egyptian kings built their pyramids.
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Gen 7:4 For yet seven days, and I will cause it to rain upon the earth forty days and forty nights; and every living substance that I have made will I destroy from off the face of the earth.
Gen 7:5 And Noah did according unto all that the LORD commanded him.