Saturday, September 16, 2017

"as long as the bridegroom is with them" - Marcion and Luke

Tokyo Subway Station

Marcion and Luke

The New Testament did not establish the Christian church but the Christian church established the New Testament.

However, it is not the Christian church that is important and essential in Christianity but it is the teaching of Christ Jesus.   And it was not His own will and plan that God's will and plan that made Christ Jesus preach to people.

Put simply, God used Christ Jesus, the Christian church, and the Bible.  So, if you concentrate on God directly, you may be allowed to neglect the Bible, the Christian church, and even Christ Jesus.  But if you deal directly God, you must be careful.  There is an example of Marcion:
Marcion of Sinope (c. 85 – c. 160) was an important figure in early Christianity. His theology rejected the deity described in the Hebrew Scriptures and in distinction affirmed the Father of Christ as the true God. The Church Fathers denounced Marcion, and he was excommunicated from the proto-orthodox church. He published his own list of New Testament books,[3] editing some (the Gospel of Luke) and rejecting other books of the New Testament making him a catalyst in speeding up the process of development of the New Testament canon by forcing the early Church to respond to his claims.
However, it looks reasonable to judge that God in the Old Testament is different from God in the New Testament.  Such a feeling is beyond any arguments in theology, but if Christ Jesus had said that His God was different from the God of Jewish priests of the Jerusalem Temple who tried to kill Him, every follower of Christ Jesus must have been highly confused.

But it must be still studied how God of the Old Testament became the God of the New Testament, since the mankind has no ability to fully understand God and God is almighty.  And it must be also studied why Marcion who thought the God of the New Testament was different from the God of the Old Testament chose only one Gospel among many: Luke.

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Mat 9:15 And Jesus said unto them, Can the children of the bridechamber mourn, as long as the bridegroom is with them? but the days will come, when the bridegroom shall be taken from them, and then shall they fast.
Mat 9:16 No man putteth a piece of new cloth unto an old garment, for that which is put in to fill it up taketh from the garment, and the rent is made worse.

Friday, September 15, 2017

"the scribes questioning with them" - Laughing Christ in Gnosticism

Around Tokyo

Laughing Christ in Gnosticism

Gnosticism texts show various responses to the emergence of Christianity among knowledgeable people around the second century, while Christianity was mainly preached to poor people without knowledge in Palestine and the Roman Empire since the first century.
Gnosticism ("having knowledge") is a modern name for a variety of ancient religious ideas and systems, originating in Jewish milieus in the first and second century AD. Based on their readings of the Torah and other Biblical writings,[specify] these systems induced that the material world is created by an emanation of the highest God, trapping the Divine spark within the human body. This Divine spark could be liberated by gnosis of this Divine spark.
No Gospels describe Christ Jesus laughing, but some Gnosticism texts present laughing Jesus:
The Sophia (Wisdom) of Jesus Christ 
After he rose from the dead, his twelve disciples and seven women continued to be his followers, and went to Galilee onto the mountain called "Divination and Joy". When they gathered together and were perplexed about the underlying reality of the universe and the plan, and the holy providence, and the power of the authorities, and about everything the Savior is doing with them in the secret of the holy plan, the Savior appeared - not in his previous form, but in the invisible spirit. And his likeness resembles a great angel of light. But his resemblance I must not describe. No mortal flesh could endure it, but only pure, perfect flesh, like that which he taught us about on the mountain called "Of the Olives" in Galilee. 
And he said: "Peace be to you, My peace I give you!" And they all marveled and were afraid. The Savior laughed and said to them: "What are you thinking about? Are you perplexed? What are you searching for?" 
Philip said: "For the underlying reality of the universe and the plan." 
The Savior said to them: "I want you to know that all men are born on earth from the foundation of the world until now, being dust, while they have inquired about God, who he is and what he is like, have not found him. Now the wisest among them have speculated from the ordering of the world and (its) movement. But their speculation has not reached the truth. For it is said that the ordering is directed in three ways, by all the philosophers, (and) hence they do not agree. For some of them say about the world that it is directed by itself. Others, that it is providence (that directs it). Others, that it is fate. But it is none of these. Again, of the three voices I have just mentioned, none is close to the truth, and (they are) from man. But I, who came from Infinite Light, I am here - for I know him (Light) - that I might speak to you about the precise nature of the truth. For whatever is from itself is a polluted life; it is self-made. Providence has no wisdom in it. And fate does not discern. But to you it is given to know; and whoever is worthy of knowledge will receive (it), whoever has not been begotten by the sowing of unclean rubbing but by First Who Was Sent, for he is an immortal in the midst of mortal men."
It was not only poor and illiterate people to whom Christianity was presented around the first and second centuries.  But there were many Roman citizens who had learnt Greek philosophy and other academic matters.  Poor people without education might simply accept the preaching by the Apostles and other early priests, but knowledgeable must have various intellectual resources to judge and assess the teaching of Christ Jesus.

Some of them must have tried to analyze, criticize, or even mock at early Christianity based on their intellectual ability.  Some of them must have even challenged leaders and priests of early Christianity by presenting their versions of Gospels.  And some Jewish scholars or priests might have worked out Gnostic texts to confuse early Christians with malicious intent.

However, Christianity cannot be an easy object of intellectual criticism and interpretation, and should not be subject to intellectual analysis and judgment.  Accordingly, Gnosticism could not became one of major streams of Christianity.

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Mar 9:14 And when he came to his disciples, he saw a great multitude about them, and the scribes questioning with them.
Mar 9:15 And straightway all the people, when they beheld him, were greatly amazed, and running to him saluted him.

Tuesday, September 12, 2017

"Elias verily cometh first" - Jewish Priests among Cocasians and Japanese among Asians


Jewish Priests among Cocasians and Japanese among Asians

There are indeed some specific traits in genes and DNA in Jewish people.  One of them is Y-chromosome DNA Haplogroup J.

There is a group of genes in an organism that is inherited together from a single parent, and this group called Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup can be used to trace a patrilineage of a man.  And the type of Haplogroup J is believed to have evolved in Western Asia and suggest the existence of Y-chromosomal Aaron as the common ancestor of Jewish priests of today, although the Y-chromosome haplogroup originally started to evolve from Haplogroup A.

Haplogroup J is found mainly in the Middle East and South-East Europe, and the ratios of those among Jewish people who have this type of genes are as follow:

                                          Haplogroup J 
Ashkenazi Cohanim (AC): 87%  
Sephardic Cohanim (SC): 75%  
Ashkenazi Jews (AI):         37% 
Sephardic Jews (SI):         37%
Y-chromosomal Aaron is the name given to the hypothesized most recent common ancestor of the majority of the patrilineal Jewish priestly caste known as Kohanim (singular "Kohen", also spelled "Cohen"). According to the Hebrew Bible, this ancestor was Aaron, the brother of Moses. 
Although Jewish identity has, since at least the second century CE, been passed by matrilineal descent according to Orthodox tradition (see: Who is a Jew?), membership in the group that comprises the Jewish priesthood (Kehuna), has been determined by patrilineal descent (see Presumption of priestly descent). Modern Kohanim are regarded in Judaism as male descendants of biblical Aaron, a direct patrilineal descendant of Abraham, according to the lineage recorded in the Tanakh (שמות / Sh'mot/Exodus 6).
Molecular phylogenetics research published in 2013 and 2016 for haplogroup J-M267 places the Y-chromosomal Aaron within subhaplogroup Z18271, age estimate 2638-3280 years Before Present (yBP).
Specifically distribution of Haplogroup J in the world is as follows:

In this context, it might be said that Jewish priests of today are really descendants of their Jewish ancestors living in the central part of ancient civilizations of the mankind as indicated by the distribution of Haplogroup J that is believed to have emerged 48,000 years ago.

Furthermore, Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup studies have proved uniqueness of the Japanese race unlike Koreans, Chinese, and other races.

The Japanese race is characterized by a certain Y-chromosome DNA Haplogroup: Y-chromosome D.  Haplogroup D is found only in Japan, Tibet (not in the Chinese mainland), the Andaman Islands (in the Bay of Bengal).  Especially Haplogroup D1b is found only in Japan.  It tells that the Japanese race is inherently different from Koreans, Chinese, and any other races.

Specifically the state of distribution of Y-chromosome D in Asia is as follows:
Geographic distributions of Y chromosome haplogroups D-M174 in East Asia.png

More specifically the state of distribution of types of Y-chromosome DNA Haplogroup in East Asia is as follows:

The thick green in the above distribution circles indicates Haprogroup D1, while the light green indicates Haprogroup D2.

Haprogroup D is believed to have evolved in the regions through Africa, Iran, and Central Asia 60,000 years ago.  Although Tibetans and the Andaman Islanders have Haprogroup D, Haprogroup D1b characterizing only Japanese evolved and split from other D types 40,000 years ago.  Therefore, it is thought that there is no close relationship between Japanese and Tibetans and the Andaman Islanders at least in these 40,000 years.

This finding suggests that ancestors of the Japanese race reached the Japanese Archipelago before other Asians (the northern type with Haprogroup C and the southern type with Haprogroup O) came to dominate the Chinese continent and East Siberia, and their DNA traits are still dominant among the Japanese.

It also suggests that the Japanese language was established before Chinese and Korean.  The grammar of the Japanese language has common traits with some East Siberians' languages, but there are many Japanese words linked to those of Southeast Asians.   Probably, there must have been many Asians from Siberia to Southeast Asia who had Haprogroup D like Tibetans and Andaman Islanders, but they must have been overwhelmed by other Asians coming later with Haprogroup C or O.  But only Tibetans living in the very high places around Mt. Everest and Andaman Islanders living in remote islands from the Asian continent could preserve Haprogroup D like Japanese living in the east end of Asia.

Accordingly, although Japanese look similar to Koreans, Chinese and other East Asians and share some cultural aspects with them, Japanese are essentially different people from them, although Africans, Europeans, and others with Haprogroup J are essentially more different from East Asians.

In this way, Jewish priests of today are very different from Europeans, other Cocasians, and even other Judaists as they have specific Haprogroup J.

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Mar 9:12 And he answered and told them, Elias verily cometh first, and restoreth all things; and how it is written of the Son of man, that he must suffer many things, and be set at nought.
Mar 9:13 But I say unto you, That Elias is indeed come, and they have done unto him whatsoever they listed, as it is written of him.

Monday, September 11, 2017

"the rising from the dead" - Abandonment and Adoption of the Language

Shibuya, Tokyo

Abandonment and Adoption of the Language

When checking the structure of the Indo-European language tree, the following points are noteworthy:
1. Greek and Latin (Italic) are in different groups.
2. Greek and Macedonian are in different groups.

It is interesting when looking back to the history of the ancient power shift from ancient Greeks to ancient Macedonians and to ancient Romans.  Any of these tribes abandoned its language and adopted a new language all through its history.

Indo-European Language Tree

And, it is also interesting that Jewish people in the diaspora after the Jewish-Roman wars around the first century totally abandoned Hebrew and adopted local European languages, Arabic, etc.

So, it can be assumed that Abraham and his clan abandoned Sumerian in their immigration to Palestine after the fall of the Sumerian kingdom where Sumerian was spoken, since they left Ur, the city of Sumerians in Mesopotamia, around 2000 BC.

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Mar 9:10 And they kept that saying with themselves, questioning one with another what the rising from the dead should mean.