Tuesday, May 08, 2012

"thou unclean spirit" - Association with Dulles

A Water-Front Park in Tokyo

Association with Dulles

In the summer of 1945 or at the final phase of WWII, Japanese Imperial Navy officer Yoshiro Fujimura met secretly with Allen Dulles in Switzerland.

Fujimura believed the Empire of Japan could not change the tide.  As Germany surrendered, the Empire of Japan would be completely defeated.  So, he voluntarily started secret operation to negotiate with American Government agent Dulles aiming at finding a way to allow the Empire of Japan to surrender while saving its face and maintaining the imperial system.  He sent 35 telegram messages to Tokyo from Bern using a special cipher machine, to inform leaders of the Imperial Navy of contents of the meetings with Dulles and other American agents.

It was not only Fujimura that was engaged in secret operation to look for a way to put an end to the Japan-US war through communications with agent Dulles in the summer of 1945.  Imperial Army General Kiyotomi Okamoto was also separately working on Dulles in Switzerland in vain.

(However, Tokyo did not regard the secret operation in Switzerland as a hopeful channel.  The Imperial Government laid its hope in getting support from the Soviet Union in its effort to start negotiations with the US for termination of the war, without knowing that the USSR was determined to attack Japan soon.)

On August 6, 1945, Hiroshima, an industrial/military city of Japan, was attacked with an atomic bomb by the US air force.   On August 8, 1945, the Soviet Union proclaimed war against the Empire of Japan; on the same day, Nagasaki, a major port city of Japan, was attacked with an atomic bomb by the US air force. On August 15, 1945, Emperor of Japan announced through radio broadcasting his decision to accept the Potsdam Declaration and thus surrender to the US (without conditions).

In Zurich, Swizterland, General Okamaoto committed a suicide, since he failed in his efforts to terminate the war without accepting the Potsdam Declaration that required unconditional surrender to the Empire.

Imperial Navy officer Fujimura also decided to commit a suicide.  After attending a funeral of General Okamaoto, Fujimura thought now it was his time to follow suit when he came back to Bern. Fujimura picked up a bag to put a handgun and two books in it: a work by Arnold Toynbee and Analects of Confucius.  He also had a capsule of potassium prussiate.  He took a train to Bernina; he got there in the evening and took a room.  He planned to jump into a crevasse of a glacier with the capsule in his mouth.

Next morning he met a herdboy who was leading cows to the foot of a mountain.  The boy said to Fujimura, "Will you come with me?"  So, Imperial officer Fujimura followed the boy to be amazed at the beautiful scenery.  Fujimura threw himself on the grass of a hill and started to read the book of Toynbee.  He was reading the book all day long.  Next morning again, he followed the boy to the mountain.  And on the fourth day, while reading the book, Fujimura thought that he owed many things to the world civilization so that he had to do something in return; he changed his mind and decided to live.  He threw the pistol and the capsule into a crevasse to go back to Bern and eventually to Japan. 

After WWII, ex-Imperial Navy officer Yoshiro Fujimura succeeded in business, trading equipment and so on.   In 1951 he wrote in a Japanese magazine his memories of the secret operation in Switzerland.  He even met with Allen Dulles in the US in 1953, who later became the Director of CIA.

However it is not known if Fujimura was involved in special activities in Japan to support Allen Dulles and CIA.  But, it is believed that introduction of nuclear technology from the US to Japan was promoted or supported by some Japanese associated with Allen Dulles and CIA.  

Allen Welsh Dulles (April 7, 1893 – January 29, 1969)

Today, it is thought that secret meetings of General Okamaoto and Lieutenant Colonel Fujimura with Dulles in Switzerland was not meaningless, since the US Government came to understand from reports sent by Dulles that the Japanese wanted maintenance of the imperial system as a condition for surrender above all.  In fact, the US Government neither requested abolition of the imperial system to Japan nor tried to question wartime responsibility of the Emperor.


Lieutenant Colonel Fujimura stationed in Germany had been ordered to return to Japan in 1944, getting on board a big submarine the Imperial Navy dispatched from Japan to a German base in France.  But the submarine I-52 was sunk in the Atlantic Ocean before it reached France from Japan.  Accordingly Fujimura moved to Bern, Switzerland, to help Japanese diplomats.  The submarine was found at the bottom of the sea, 5,240 meters below the surface, in 1998.

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Mar 5:8 For he said unto him, Come out of the man, thou unclean spirit.
Mar 5:9 And he asked him, What is thy name? And he answered, saying, My name is Legion: for we are many.
Mar 5:10 And he besought him much that he would not send them away out of the country.
Mar 5:11 Now there was there nigh unto the mountains a great herd of swine feeding.
Mar 5:12 And all the devils besought him, saying, Send us into the swine, that we may enter into them.
Mar 5:13 And forthwith Jesus gave them leave. And the unclean spirits went out, and entered into the swine: and the herd ran violently down a steep place into the sea, (they were about two thousand;) and were choked in the sea.