Thursday, February 06, 2014

"thou hatest the deeds of the Nicolaitanes" - Authentic Sentences of Gospel

The Arakawa River, Tokyo

Authentic Sentences of Gospel 

There is a study on authenticity of sentences of the Gospels, since the Muratorian Fragment was found and examined.
The Muratorian Fragment is the oldest known list of New Testament books. It was discovered by Ludovico Antonio Muratori in a manuscript in the Ambrosian Library in Milan, and published by him in 1740. * It is called a fragment because the beginning of it is missing. Although the manuscript in which it appears was copied during the seventh century, the list itself is dated to about 170 because its author refers to the episcopate of Pius I of Rome (died 157) as recent. He mentions only two epistles of John, without describing them. The Apocalypse of Peter is mentioned as a book which "some of us will not allow to be read in church." A very helpful and detailed discussion of this document is to be found in Bruce Metzger's The Canon of the New Testament (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1987), pp. 191-201. Below is Metzger's English translation of a critically amended text of the Fragment, from Appendix IV of the same book (pp. 305-7).
Especially interesting is the Gospel according to St.Mark, since it is believed to have been written earlier than other Gospels.

Gospel.......................Estimated Year of Completion

Mark...........................AD 65 to 80

Matthew....................80 to 100

Luke...........................80 to 130

John...........................90 to 120

Specifically the passion narrative in the Gospel of Mark, verses 14:32-15:47 is of very concern.  Sentences judged to be very authentic by scholars are as follows.
For each verse, the present author has counted up the number of scholars who believe that the verse or part of a verse belongs to the pre-Markan passion narrative. The number of scholars is presented next to the verse in the Young's Literal Translation. 
14:32 [17] And they come to a spot, the name of which [is] Gethsemane, and he saith to his disciples, `Sit ye here till I may pray;'

14:35 [16] And having gone forward a little, he fell upon the earth, and was praying, that, if it be possible the hour may pass from him,

14:43 [24] And immediately -- while he is yet speaking -- cometh near Judas, one of the twelve, and with him a great multitude, with swords and sticks, from the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders;
14:44 [21] and he who is delivering him up had given a token to them, saying, `Whomsoever I shall kiss, he it is, lay hold on him, and lead him away safely,'
14:45 [24] and having come, immediately, having gone near him, he saith, `Rabbi, Rabbi,' and kissed him.
14:46 [25] And they laid on him their hands, and kept hold on him;
14:47 [20] and a certain one of those standing by, having drawn the sword, struck the servant of the chief priest, and took off his ear.
14:48 [18] And Jesus answering said to them, `As against a robber ye came out, with swords and sticks, to take me!
14:49 [19] daily I was with you in the temple teaching, and ye did not lay hold on me -- but that the Writings may be fulfilled.'
14:50 [22] And having left him they all fled;
14:51 [17] and a certain young man was following him, having put a linen cloth about [his] naked body, and the young men lay hold on him,
14:52 [17] and he, having left the linen cloth, did flee from them naked.
14:53 [24] And they led away Jesus unto the chief priest, and come together to him do all the chief priests, and the elders, and the scribes;
14:54 [16] and Peter afar off did follow him, to the inside of the hall of the chief priest, and he was sitting with the officers, and warming himself near the fire.

15:1 [19] And immediately, in the morning, the chief priests having made a consultation, with the elders, and scribes, and the whole sanhedrim, having bound Jesus, did lead away, and delivered [him] to Pilate;
15:2 [18] and Pilate questioned him, `Art thou the king of the Jews?' and he answering said to him, `Thou dost say [it].'
15:3 [21] And the chief priests were accusing him of many things, [but he answered nothing.]
15:4 [19] And Pilate again questioned him, saying, `Thou dost not answer anything! lo, how many things they do testify against thee!'
15:5 [20] and Jesus did no more answer anything, so that Pilate wondered.
15:6 [17] And at every feast he was releasing to them one prisoner, whomsoever they were asking;
15:7 [17] and there was [one] named Barabbas, bound with those making insurrection with him, who had in the insurrection committed murder.
15:8 [16] And the multitude having cried out, began to ask for themselves as he was always doing to them,
15:9 [17] and Pilate answered them, saying, `Will ye [that] I shall release to you the king of the Jews?'

15:11 [16] and the chief priests did move the multitude, that he might rather release Barabbas to them.

15:15 [21] and Pilate, wishing to content the multitude, released to them Barabbas, and delivered up Jesus -- having scourged [him] -- that he might be crucified.
15:16 [16] And the soldiers led him away into the hall, which is Praetorium, and call together the whole band,
15:17 [16] and clothe him with purple, and having plaited a crown of thorns, they put [it] on him,
15:18 [15] and began to salute him, `Hail, King of the Jews.'
15:19 [17] And they were smiting him on the head with a reed, and were spitting on him, and having bent the knee, were bowing to him,
15:20 [22] and when they [had] mocked him, they took the purple from off him, and clothed him in his own garments, and they led him forth, that they may crucify him.
15:21 [24] And they impress a certain one passing by -- Simon, a Cyrenian, coming from the field, the father of Alexander and Rufus -- that he may bear his cross,
15:22 [24] and they bring him to the place Golgotha, which is, being interpreted, `Place of a skull;'
15:23 [23] and they were giving him to drink wine mingled with myrrh, and he did not receive.
15:24 [26] And having crucified him, they were dividing his garments, casting a lot upon them, what each may take;

15:26 [18] and the inscription of his accusation was written above -- `The King of the Jews.'
15:27 [23] And with him they crucify two robbers, one on the right hand, and one on his left,

15:29 [20] And those passing by were speaking evil of him, shaking their heads, and saying, `Ah, the thrower down of the sanctuary, and in three days the builder!
15:30 [16] save thyself, and come down from the cross!'

15:32 [20] The Christ! the king of Israel -- let him come down now from the cross, that we may see and believe;' and those crucified with him were reproaching him.

15:34 [19] and at the ninth hour Jesus cried with a great voice, saying, `Eloi, Eloi, lamma sabachthani?' which is, being interpreted, `My God, my God, why didst Thou forsake me?'
15:35 [17] And certain of those standing by, having heard, said, `Lo, Elijah he doth call;'
15:36 [21] and one having run, and having filled a spunge with vinegar, having put [it] also on a reed, was giving him to drink, saying, `Let alone, let us see if Elijah doth come to take him down.'
15:37 [22] And Jesus having uttered a loud cry, yielded the spirit,

These are sentences believed to have been written even before the Gospel by St. Mark.

So, the most authentic verse supported by the largest number of scholars is:
15:24 [26] And having crucified him, they were dividing his garments, casting a lot upon them, what each may take;

This is the most sinful scene.  Roman soldiers took not only life of Christ Jesus but also his clothes while playing a gamble under His crucified body.  For this reason the fate of the Roman Empire was doomed to disintegration.  And, leaders of followers of Christ, namely popes, were also destined for presiding over, as we see today, putting on great garments.

Anyway we are convinced that Christ Jesus was killed by Roman troops who had no respect for Him.  It was for the reason that they judged that Christ Jesus called Himself the King of Jews.  But no verses in Gospels presented and supported the fact.  Then who told a commander of Roman troops about it?  Judas?  Barabbas?  Or Jewish priests?  If the Roman commander had known that Christ Jesus had never called Himself the King of Jews, would not he have arrested and executed Him?

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Rev 2:6 But this thou hast, that thou hatest the deeds of the Nicolaitanes, which I also hate.
Rev 2:7 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the tree of life, which is in the midst of the paradise of God.